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Prehistory to Early Civilizations

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Prehistory to Early Civilizations Paleolithic Era Civilization Neolithic Era * Over thousands of years farming technology improved to the point that in fertile areas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prehistory to Early Civilizations


1
Prehistory to Early Civilizations
  • Paleolithic Era

Civilization
Neolithic Era
2
Prehistory refers to the period of time
  1. after the first civilizations emerged
  2. before written language
  3. When the first nation-states emerged

3
How do we learn about prehistoric humans?
  1. We study their books and ancient writings.
  2. We dig up and analyze what is left of them and
    the things they made
  3. We study government documents.

4
Who studies past cultures by locating and
analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts?
  1. botonist
  2. historian
  3. archaeologist

5
Which is the most accurate way to determine the
age of an organic (once living) item?
  • Compare it to the age of other items found at the
    same site
  • Relative dating
  • Analyze the carbon-14 content (carbon dating)

6
What is the name of this archaeological site
located in England?
  1. Parthenon
  2. Pantheon
  3. Stonehenge

7
Aleppo, Jericho, Çatalhöyük, and Stonehenge
are all archaeological sites built during the
  1. Paleolithic Era
  2. Neolithic Era
  3. Early civilization
  4. Classical Era

8
Mediterranean Sea
Aleppo
Jericho
The Neolithic cities pictured on the map grew
due to the agricultural advantage of their
location
  1. in the Fertile Crescent
  2. on the Aegean Sea
  3. in the Indus Valley
  4. on the Persian Gulf

9
Çatalhöyük is an example of a Neolithic
settlement currently under excavation in
  • England
  • Anatolia
  • Mesopotamia
  • Egypt

10
Where are the oldest remains of humans found?
  1. Europe
  2. Africa
  3. Asia

11
The scientific name for modern man is
  1. homo erectus
  2. homo habilis
  3. homo sapiens

12
Which era lasted from the emergence of man until
the development of agriculture?
  1. Neolithic
  2. Civilization
  3. Paleolithic

13
Another name for the Paleolithic Era is the
  1. bronze age
  2. new stone age
  3. old stone age

14
How did people of the old stone age obtain food?
  1. farming
  2. hunting and gathering
  3. trading

15
All of the following were characteristics of
hunter-gatherer societies EXCEPT
  • nomadic
  • pottery
  • C. oral language
  • D. fire
  • E. simple tools and weapons


16
Paleolithic people lived in
  1. cities
  2. permanent villages
  3. clans (family groups)

17
The key invention of the Neolithic era was the
development of
  1. cities
  2. agriculture
  3. fire

18
  • Because they no longer had to migrate in search
    of food and water, people of the Neolithic Era
    were able to live in ______ and settle in_______.
  1. tents/clans
  2. permanent dwellings/villages
  3. caves/cities

19
All of the following are new technologies
developed during the new stone age EXCEPT
  • woven cloth
  • bronze tools
  • domesticated animals
  • pottery

20
What is the key feature of civilization?
  • permanent dwellings
  • settled farming
  • C. cities

21
What was the main reason for the growth of cities?
  • agricultural surplus
  • urban planning
  • invention of cement

22
What led to the production of extra food in the
earliest civilizations?
  1. The three-field system
  2. the plow, irrigation, and better farming tools
  3. Farm subsidies

23
All of the following are characteristics of early
civilizations EXCEPT
  • cities
  • centralized governments
  • rigid class system
  • elected rulers
  • written language

24
All of the following are characteristics of early
civilizations EXCEPT
  • law codes
  • job specialization
  • bronze and iron tools
  • hereditary rulers
  • monotheistic religions

25
The earliest written languages (cuneiform,
hieroglyphics) developed from
  • pictograms
  • letters
  • sounds

26
Job SpecializationMatch jobs to descriptions
  • A. artisans blacksmiths, brick-layers, potters,

    weavers
  • B. scribes could read and write
  • C. merchants bought and sold goods (traded).

27
Polytheism is the belief in
  1. one God
  2. many gods
  3. no god(s)
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