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Andrew Jackson

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Title: Andrew Jackson Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: Sharley Russo Created Date: 7/1/2005 1:51:51 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Andrew Jackson


1
Andrew Jackson 1767 - 1845
Chapter 12 Section 2
2
Essential Question
Champion of the Common Man?
King Andrew?
OR
3
What were the democratic trends in the 19c?
4
Voting Requirements in the Early 19c
5
Voter Turnout 1820 - 1860
6
Why Increased Democratization?
  • White male suffrage increased
  • Party nominating committees.
  • Voters chose their states slate of Presidential
    electors.
  • Spoils system.
  • Rise of Third Parties.
  • Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats,
    etc.)
  • Two-party system returned in the 1832 election
  • Dem-Reps ? Natl. Reps.(1828) ? Whigs
    (1832) ? Republicans (1854)
  • Democrats (1828)

7
Jackson's Early Life
8
Jacksons First Hermitage Residence
9
First Known Painting of Jackson, 1815
10
General Jackson During the Seminole Wars
11
Jackson's First Presidential Run
12
The Common Mans Presidential Candidate
13
Jacksons Opponents in 1824
Henry Clay KY
John Quincy Adams MA
John C. Calhoun SC
William H. Crawford GA
14
Results of the 1824 Election
Corrupt Bargain?
15
What were the key issues in 1828?
16
Rachel Jackson
Final Divorce Decree
17
Jackson in Mourning for His Wife
18
1828 Election Results
19
The Center of Population in the Country Moves WEST
20
The New Jackson Coalition
  • The Planter Elite in the South
  • People on the Frontier
  • State Politicians spoils system
  • Immigrants in the cities.

21
Jacksons Faith in the Common Man
  • Intense distrust of Eastern establishment,
    monopolies, special privilege.
  • His heart soul was with the plain folk.
  • Belief that the common man was capable of
    uncommon achievements.

22
The Reign of King Mob
23
Andrew Jackson as President
24
The Peggy Eaton Affair
25
The Nullification Issue
26
The Webster-Hayne Debate
Sen. Daniel Webster MA
Sen. Robert Hayne SC
27
1830
Webster Liberty and Union, now and
forever, one and inseparable.
Jackson Our Federal Unionit must be
preserved.
Calhoun The Union, next to our liberty,
most dear.
28
The Tariff Issue
29
1832 Tariff Conflict
  • 1828 --gt Tariff of Abomination
  • 1832 --gt new tariff
  • South Carolinas reaction?
  • Jacksons response?
  • Clays Compromise Tariff?

30
Jackson's Native-American Policy
31
Indian Removal
  • Jacksons Goal?
  • 1830 ? Indian Removal Act
  • Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) domestic
    dependent nation
  • Worcester v. GA (1832)
  • Jackson John Marshall has made his
    decision, now let him enforce it!

32
The Cherokee Nation After 1820
33
Indian Removal
34
Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
35
Jacksons Professed Love for Native Americans
36
Renewing the Charter of the 1st National Bank
37
Jacksons Use of Federal Power
VETO
1830 ? Maysville Road project in KY
state of his political rival, Henry
Clay
38
The National Bank Debate
President Jackson
Nicholas Biddle
39
Opposition to the 2nd B.U.S.
Soft (paper)
Hard (specie)
  • state bankers felt it restrained their banks from
    issuing bank notes freely.
  • supported rapid economic growth speculation.
  • felt that coin was the only safe currency.
  • didnt like any bank that issued bank notes.
  • suspicious of expansion speculation.

40
The Monster Is Destroyed!
  • pet banks?
  • 1832 ? Jackson vetoed the extension of
    the 2nd National Bank of the
    United States.
  • 1836 ? the charter expired.
  • 1841 ? the bank went bankrupt!

41
The Downfall of Mother Bank
42
An 1832 Cartoon King Andrew?
43
1832 Election Results
Main Issue?
44
The Specie Circular (1836)
  • wildcat banks.
  • buy future federal land only with gold or silver.
  • Jacksons goal?

45
Results of the Specie Circular
  • Banknotes loose their value.
  • Land sales plummeted.
  • Credit not available.
  • Businesses began to fail.
  • Unemployment rose.

The Panic of 1837!
46
The 1836 Election Results
Martin Van Buren Old Kinderhook O. K.
47
The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!
48
Andrew Jackson in Retirement
49
Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before
his death)
1767 - 1845
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