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Texas Association of Student Councils

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Texas Association of Student Councils Child Abuse Prevention Training – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Texas Association of Student Councils


1
Texas Association of Student Councils
  • Child Abuse Prevention Training

2
Why this training is important
  • Child abuse has become a nationwide issue since
    about the 1980s.
  • Schools, camps, churches and other youth
    organizations have come under intense scrutiny.
  • We must be sensitive and well-informed to avoid
    potential difficulties in this area and for the
    well-being of the young people entrusted to our
    care.

3
A Team Effort
  • It is not just the responsibility of the Workshop
    Director to prevent child abuse.
  • Preventing child abuse is a team effort.
  • Every employee at a TASC workshop is required to
    take this course and pass the test with 70
    accuracy.

4
Definition of Child Abuse
  • Child abuse is any experience during childhood or
    adolescence that involves inappropriate sexual
    attention from another person.
  • This person is usually an adult but can also be
    an older child or a teenager.
  • Child sexual abuse is not solely restricted to
    _________ contact.

physical
5
Effects of Child Abuse
  • Difficulty in forming long term relationships.
  • Sexual risk-taking
  • Physical complaints and physical symptoms
  • Depression, suicidal thoughts and suicide
  • Links to failure of the immune system and to
    increases in illnesses.

6
Signs of sexual abuse
  • Fear of a parent or fear of the perpetrator
  • Withdrawn or isolated
  • Overly compliant or cooperative when that is not
    their usual behavior
  • Sexually precocious, which is being involved in
    play that is intrusive or inappropriate

7
Signs of sexual abuse
  • As we discuss the signs of abuse, its important
    to note that very few of these findings are
    totally specific for abuse. That means that we
    can see these signs in a child who is not being
    abused. The converse is also true. A child can
    be a victim of abuse and show no outward signs.
  • Dr. Janet Squires
  • Childrens Medical Center of Dallas

8
Characteristics of a child molester
  • A child is more likely to be abused by somebody
    that they know or someone in their family than
    they are by a stranger.
  • About ___ of all sexual abuse of children occurs
    at the hands of older children, primarily
    adolescence.

1/3
9
Strategies of Abusers
seduction
trickery
force
  • Molesters tend to use three basic strategies
    ________, _______ and _____ all wrapped in
    secrecy.

10
Strategies of Abusers
  • There is usually little a child can do to resist
    force, which is a very infrequent act of abuse.
  • The molester may attempt to use bribery by giving
    gifts or other favors to the interested child.
  • The abuser may try to shift the blame to the
    child by telling them it is their fault the
    molestation took place.

11
Strategies of Abusers
  • Other ways that abusers maintain secrecy during
    abusive relationships are
  • Embarrassment
  • Displaced Responsibility (similar to blame)
  • Loss of Affection (98 of the time the molester
    is a wonderful person in the childs life and the
    child values that relationship in spite of the
    abuse.)
  • Threaten the child or someone in their family

12
Abusive feelings and normal curiosity
  • Adolescence can be very sexually confusing. But
    if were talking about something sexual between
    somebody who is older and someone who is younger
    by even a couple of years, we are getting into
    the realm of things that can be abuse.
  • David Finkelhor
  • University of New Hamphshire

13
On-Site Protection and Prevention
  • These policies are primarily for the protection
    of the students however, they also serve to
    protect the adult leaders from false accusations
    of abuse.

14
Protection and Prevention Policies
  • Avoid one-on-one contact.
  • Adult to workshop participant
  • Student to student
  • Respect student privacy.
  • Use constructive discipline. Corporal punishment
    is never a proper form of discipline.
  • Any type of hazing is prohibited.
  • Participants are responsible for proper behavior.

15
Responding to Abuse
  • If a child discloses abuse to you
  • The most important thing you can do is listen.

16
Responding to Abuse
  1. You should believe the child.
  2. You should affirm the child.
  3. You should protect the child.
  4. You should refer the child.

17
Reporting Abuse
  • For reporting child abuse, all the state requires
    is that you have reasonable suspicion that abuse
    has occurred.
  • If the suspected abuse occurs at the workshop,
    the suspected abuse must be reported to the Texas
    Department of Health Human Services.

18
Reporting Abuse
  • If a person, including any member of the TASC
    staff or a advisor at workshop has cause to
    believe that a minor has been or may have been
    abused or neglected at the workshop, then that
    person shall immediately make a report, in
    accordance with Family code, ?261.101(a) to the
    Health and Human Services Commission Office Or
    Inspector General, as required by Family Code,
    ?261.103. To make an online report, to
    https//oig.hhsc.state.tx.us/Fraud_Report?Home.asp
    x.

19
Reporting Abuse
  • A report intake form, entitled HHSE Office of
    Internal Affairs Texas Youth Camp Waste, Abuse
    and Fraud Referral Form may be faxed to the
    Office of Inspector General, Internal Affairs
    (512-833-6493. A report shall be made to the
    Health and Human Services Commission Office of
    Inspector General and may be made to a local or
    state law enforcement agency or other agency
    listed in Family Code, ?261.103.

20
Reporting Abuse
  • If a child discloses abuse to you, contact the
    Workshop Director immediately. The Director will
    contact the following people
  • The TASC Director
  • The TASC Director will immediately contact the
    hometown advisor, the hometown principal, the
    parents, and the Workshop Consultant.

21
Reporting Abuse
  • If there is cause to believe that a minor has
    been or may have been abused or neglected as
    defined in the Family Code, Chapter 261 and the
    abuse or neglect did not occur at the workshop,
    then that person shall immediately make a report
    to the Department of Family and Protective
    Services Abuse Hotline.

22
Reporting Abuse
  • The Department of Family and Protective Services
    may be contacted at 800-2525400 or through the
    secure web site http//www.txabusehotlineorg/.
  • If there is a concern that the child will be in
    immediate danger should he/she return home, then
    local law enforcement should be called.

23
Reporting Abuse
  • In the case of abuse which occurred outside the
    workshop, the person to whom it was reported is
    the outcry witness. The outcry witness must make
    the report.
  • The Workshop Director and the TASC Director
    should be informed that a report was made.

24
Do Not Investigate
  • TASC staff members should not investigate claims.
    Their duty is to believe, support, and refer the
    child to the proper authorities.
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