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Conflict in Darfur

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Conflict in Darfur Geography Darfur is located in the western region of Sudan Approximately the size of Texas N. and W. Darfur border Chad on the west S. Darfur ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Conflict in Darfur


1
Conflict in Darfur
2
Geography
  • Darfur is located in the western region of Sudan
  • Approximately the size of Texas
  • N. and W. Darfur border Chad on the west
  • S. Darfur borders the Central African Republic

3
The Background
  • Conflict between Arab Muslims in North and black
    Tribal Natives in South
  • Civil War since 1955
  • Different religions and races
  • Imposing of Islamic law (North) on non-Muslim
    South

4
Fuel to the Fire
  • Environmental Issues scarcity of water and
    arable land led to increased conflict
  • Oil deposits in South North hoards revenue
    (Govt. Corruption)
  • Southern people feel neglected and taken
    advantage of (economic wealth)

5
REBELLION
  • 2003 Two Southern rebel groups, Sudan
    Liberation Movement (SLM/A) and the Justice and
    Equality Movement (JEM) attacked Sudan Govt.
    Military installations.
  • Sudanese Govt. Militia The Janjaweed (Arab
    group) receive govt. support to clear civilians
    considered disloyal.

6
Violent Conflict Ensues
  • Systematic killing of civilians by the Janjaweed
    Ethnic Cleansing want to eliminate native
    black tribes.
  • standard procedure rape and murder
  • 300,000 deaths from violence
  • 3 million plus have been forcibly displaced due
    to attacks and raids.
  • 250,000 deaths due to disease/malnutrition
    resulting from displacement.

7
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10
Genocide
  • United States Congress in 2004 declared the
    situation in Darfur a genocide
  • the deliberate and systematic extermination of
    a national, racial, political, or cultural
    group.

11
Help is on the way?!?
  • 7,000 African Union Troops deployed to lead peace
    talks and mediate conflict - AMIS serve as
    observers - no mandate to protect citizens.
    Sudan reluctantly accepted.
  • Some camps set up for the displaced, only half
    receive aid - shortage of essential resources.
  • Sudan govt. disrupts delivery
  • of aid

12
Finally, a Solution?
  • United Nations taking over for the A.U. with most
    powerful member leading the way (USA) mission
    UNAMID, a joint African Union and United Nations
    peacekeeping mission implemented 2007-08
  • More aggressive mandates and peace-keeping
    objectives
  • Bush Administration pushed for funding for
    man-power and resources (20,000 peace keepers
    with a more appropriate mandate/objective)

13
  • Republic of South Sudan
  • Independent state as of July 9, 2011
  • Citizens voted to break away with 99 of the
    vote.
  • Darfur
  • Western Sudan state still governed by Khartoum

14
Southern Referendum Response
  • In what ways can Darfur be affected now that
    Southern Sudan has broken away from the North?
  • Should the genocide in Darfur resume, in what
    ways should the U.S. increase its pressure on the
    government of Sudan?
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