Fractions%20Adding%20and%20Subtracting%20Unlike%20Denominators - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fractions%20Adding%20and%20Subtracting%20Unlike%20Denominators

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Title: Fractions%20Adding%20and%20Subtracting%20Unlike%20Denominators


1
Fractions Adding and Subtracting Unlike
Denominators
2
Common Multiple
  • A number that is a multiple of two or more
    numbers.

Some multiples of 3 6 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36,
42
3
Least Common Multiple
  • The smallest common multiple of a set of two or
    more numbers.

5 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
6 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36
4
Shortcut for Finding the Least Common Denominator
or Least Common Multiple
Check to see if the smaller denominator divides
evenly into the larger denominator. If it does,
use the larger denominator for your LCD or LCM.
1
3 will divide evenly into 9, so 9 is your LCD or
LCM.
3
1

9
5
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Find the multiples of each denominator.

1
5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
5
1

10, 20, 30, 40, 50
10
6
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Compare the lists of multiples. Circle the
    common multiples between the two lists.

1
5 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
1

10 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
7
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Use the lowest common multiple as the
    denominator.

1
5 5, 10, 15 ,20 ,25 ,30
1

10 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
8
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • This number is also called the least common
    denominator.

1
5 5, 10, 15 ,20 ,25 ,30
1

10 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
9
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Rewrite the fractions using the least common
    denominator or least common multiple.

1
5
10
1

10
10
10
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Find the equivalent fractions for 1/5 1/10
    with 10 as the denominator.

You know that 1/10 is equal to 1/10 so Put a 1
over the Bottom 10.
1
5
10
1
1

10
10
11
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Find the equivalent fractions for 1/5 1/10
    with 10 as the denominator.

To find the top number, ask yourself what do you
multiply the 5 by to get 10.
1
5
10
1
1

10
10
12
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Find the equivalent fractions for 1/5 1/10
    with 10 as the denominator.

Thats right 2. Since you are looking for the
equivalent fraction you know the top number must
also be multiplied by 2.
1
x 2
5
10
x 2
1
1

10
10
13
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Find the equivalent fractions for 1/5 1/10
    with 10 as the denominator.

1
2
x 2
To find the top number just multiply 2 x 1 to get
your equivalent fraction.
5
10
x 2
1
1

10
10
14
To Add or Subtract Fractions With Unlike
Denominators
  • Now just add the numerators.

1
2
x 2
5
10
x 2
Remember when adding fractions you never add the
denominators.
1
1

10
10
3
10
15
Subtract these Fractions
Use the short cut to find the Least
Common Denominator (LCD).
1
2
8
1
-
8
8
16
Subtract these Fractions
Now find the equivalent fractions for 1/2 1/8.
1
2
8
x 4
1
-
8
8
x 1
Ask what do you multiply 2 by to get 8 and what
do you multiply 8 by to get 8.
17
Subtract these Fractions
Identity Property Of Multiplication Multiply each
fraction by the fraction form of 1 that will
give a common denominator.
1
x 4
2
8
x 4
1
x 1
-
8
8
x 1
18
Subtract these Fractions
1
Now multiply across.
4
x 4
2
8
x 4
1
1
x 1
-
8
8
x 1
19
Subtract these Fractions
1
Subtract your new numerators.
4
x 4
2
8
x 4
1
1
x 1
-
8
8
x 1
3
8
20
Add these Fractions
Find the common Multiples for 5 and 3.
Write This number As your new denominator.
2
5
15
1

3
15
21
Add these Fractions
Ask yourself what you multiply the bottom
number by to get 15.
2
5
15
x 3
1

3
15
x 5
22
Add these Fractions
Multiply the top number by the same number
you did in the bottom. (Giant 1)
2
x 3
5
15
x 3
1
x 5

3
15
x 5
23
Add these Fractions
Multiply across.
2
6
x 3
5
15
x 3
1
5
x 5

3
15
x 5
24
Add these Fractions
Now add your new numerators.
2
6
x 3
5
15
x 3
1
5
x 5

3
15
x 5
11
15
25
Add these Fractions
1
2
x 2
6
12
x 2
1
3
x 3

4
12
x 3
5
12
26
Subtract these Fractions
5
20
x 4
6
24
x 4
1
3
x 3
-
8
24
x 3
17
24
27
Add these Fractions
2
6
x 3
3
9
x 3
1
1
x 1

9
9
x 1
7
9
28
Subtract these Fractions
4
12
x 3
5
15
x 3
2
10
x 5
-
3
15
x 5
2
15
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