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COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Carmen Last modified by: Abdulaziz Almashraqi Created Date: 12/3/2010 12:00:31 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES


1
COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES
Objectives 1-To use adjectives/ adverbs to
compare two things 2- To use adjectives/
adverbs to compare more than two things.
2
COMPARISON OF (short)ADJECTIVES
  • One-syllable adjectives add er for the
    comparative and est for the superlative.
  • small
  • nice
  • big
  • warm
  • hot
  • smaller smallest
  • nicer nicest
  • bigger biggest
  • warmer warmest
  • hotter hottest
  • We use more and most before words ending in ed,
  • e.g. bored gt more bored

3
COMPARISON OF (long)ADJECTIVES
  • We use more and most with two-syllable adjectives
    not ending in y, and with longer ones.
  • careful
  • boring
  • famous
  • exciting
  • reliable
  • more careful most careful
  • more boring most boring
  • more famous most famous
  • more exciting most exciting
  • more reliable most reliable

4
COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES (ending in-y)
  • Two-syllable adjectives ending in consonant y
    lose y and add ier and -iest
  • busy
  • happy
  • dirty
  • busier busiest
  • happier happiest
  • dirtier dirtiest
  • Some two-syllable adjectives not ending in -y
  • also add -er / -est e.g. narrow, clever, gentle,
    quiet, simple.

5
COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES Spelling rules for the
er/-est endings
  • Adjectives ending in e add r / -st, e.g.
  • finer, safest, larger
  • Adjectives ending in consonant y lose y and add
    ier / -iest, e.g.
  • lovelier, luckiest, prettier
  • Adjectives ending in a single vowel single
    consonant double the consonant, e.g.
  • fitter, sadder, thinner, wettest, hottest

6
COMPARISON OF ADVERBS
  • Some adverbs have the same form as an adjective.
    They add er / -est, e.g.
  • earlier, fastest, harder, highest
  • Many adverbs are an adjective ly. They form the
    comparative and superlative with more / most,
    e.g.
  • more easily, most carefully, more slowly

7
IRREGULAR FORMS
  • Some adjectives / adverbs have irregular forms
  • better best
  • worse worst
  • farther farthest
  • further furthest
  • good/well
  • bad/badly
  • far
  • We can use elder / eldest instead of older /
    oldest for people in the same family.

8
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE PATTERNS
  • We use as as to say that things are equal or
    unequal.
  • Our house is as big as yours.
  • It isnt as cold as yesterday.
  • We often use a phrase with than after a
    comparison.
  • The steak is more expensive than the fish.
  • After than we use an object pronoun or a
    subject pronoun a verb.
  • She is older than me / than I am.

9
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE PATTERNS
  • Less and least are the opposites of more and
    most. We use them with both long and short words.
  • Im the least musical person in the world.
  • I go out less often these days.
  • We can modify the comparative with much, a lot,
    far, slightly, a bit.
  • Its much faster by tube.
  • Business is a bit better this year.
  • I got up far later than usually.

10
Lets practise!
  • Use the words given to compare the following
    pictures.

11
FRUIT
FRIES
CHOCOLATE
healthy expensive sweet tasty
12
difficult easy beautiful fast
13
JAMAICA
SPAIN
CANADA
cold hot large popular populated
14
CLEANING
boring useful popular bad
IRONING
COOKING
15
BIKE
ELECTRIC CAR
SUV
cheap small eco-friendly comfortable
16
amusing popular dangerous fun healthy expensive
ICE SKATING
FOOTBALL
AMERICAN FOOTBALL
SNOWBOARDING
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