The Postwar Era - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Postwar Era PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 792b22-Yjk5Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Postwar Era

Description:

The Postwar Era Despair & Government Actions – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:71
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: Susa2569
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Postwar Era


1
The Postwar Era
  • Despair
  • Government Actions

2
Essential Questions
  • Differentiate the responses of different nations
    to the Great Depression.
  • U.S.A.?
  • Germany?
  • Japan?
  • Britain?
  • U.S.S.R.?

3
Government Policy U.S.A.
  • Government policygt
  • Reduce female workforce
  • To create jobs for men
  • Even when female is head of house

4
Personal Suffering
  • Millions unemployed
  • Struggle for basic needs
  • Caused class division
  • Steinbeck U.S. policy planned scarcity
  • Little health care
  • Increased malnutrition in children up over 60

5
Economic Experiment
  • John Maynard Keynes
  • Anti-classic theory Adam Smith capitalism self
    correcting.
  • Inadequate demand cause of depression
  • GOVERNMENT SHOULD PLAY AN ACTIVE ROLE IN
    STIMULATING THE ECONOMY CONSUMER DEMAND.

6
Economic Experiment to Fix United States
  • F.D.R. gt New Deal
  • Protect banking system
  • Provide jobs
  • Subsidize farmers
  • Minimum wage Workers unions
  • Social Security
  • Revenue Act 1935

3 Rs
7
Economic Experiment to Fix
  • Japan
  • Out of depression by 1931
  • Govt. measures at expense of workers
  • Germany
  • Public works
  • Deficit spending
  • Military preparation

8
Soviet Economy
  • Civil War 1918-1920
  • Lenins War Communism
  • Nationalized banks, industry, private property
  • Elimination of private tradegt unpopular
  • Agricultural output dropped by half, 1920

9
New Economic Policy
  • Lenin N.E.P.
  • Reversed war communism 1921
  • Small scale industries privatized
  • Agricultural surplus sold on free market
  • Programs of electrification and tech school
    implemented

10
Stalins Economic
Political Policies
  • Heavy industry at the expense of consumer goods
  • Alternative to market capitalismgt command economy
  • Expropriation of private land gt collectivization
    of agriculture
  • Great Purge
  • 2/3 of Central Committee
  • ½ of army commanders
  • 8M in labor camps
  • 3M died gt cleansing
  • Global reactions fear, contempt, admiration

11
Mussolini Fascism in Italy
  • Father of Fascism
  • Return to the glory of
    Roman Empire
  • Private Army
  • Black Shirts
  • Expanded into Africa
  • Attacked Ethiopia
  • Admired by Hitler

12
Spain
  • Generalissimo Franco
  • Fascist party - Falange
  • Communists
    anarchist movement
  • No aid from Britain or U.S.
  • Germany Italy
  • Military involvement
  • Will remain neutral in W.W.2

13
Francisco Goya, The Third of May, 1808, Spain,
1814-1815
14
Guernica
15
German National Socialism
  • Fascism Hitler
  • National Socialists Workers Party NAZI
  • Individuals subordinate to state
  • Extreme nationalism
  • Broad appeal to middle class
  • Public lost faith in democracy
  • Hindenburg offers Hitler chancellorship

16
Consolidation of Power
  • Nazis outlawed all other
    political parties
  • Abrogated all
  • Constitutional civil rights
  • Created single party dictatorship
  • Women gt role of wife mother
  • Campaign to increase births

17
Anti-Semitism
  • Nuremberg Laws
  • Deprived Jews of citizenship
  • Expropriated all wealth
  • Prohibited marriage b/w Germans Jews
  • Kristallnacht
  • Night of Broken Glass gt destruction of Jewish
    property
  • Jewish seek refuge in other countries
  • U.K. took approximately 100,000
  • U.S. took approximately 60,000

18
(No Transcript)
19
Brazil
  • Corporatist
  • fascist sympathizers
  • In many Latin American countries
  • Getulio Vargas 1872-1954
  • Estado Novo
  • Modeled after Mussolinis Italy
  • Suicide 1954
  • Became martyr and national hero

20
Mexico
Who is the Latin American leader trying to
accomplish this today?
  • Lazaro Cardenas
  • 1934-1940
  • Land Reform
  • Dist. 40 M acres
  • Goal
  • Break economic grip of U.S.

21
Argentina
  • Juan D. Perone
  • 1946-1955 1973-74.
  • Eva Duarte Evita
  • Nationalist populist based
  • Fascist sympathizer
  • Broad base of support
  • Modernize industrialize
  • Ultimately military dictatorship
  • Continuity in Latin America

22
Enduring Questions
  • Why did the U.S. turn to Roosevelt and the New
    Deal while others turned to militarism?
  • Why didnt Latin America follow the U.S. lead?
About PowerShow.com