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John Locke 1632-1704

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John Locke 1632-1704 Why do we need a government? Philosophy the pursuit of wisdom and knowledge Political Philosopher: a person who studies & discusses politics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: John Locke 1632-1704


1
John Locke1632-1704
  • Why do we need a government?

2
Philosophy the pursuit of wisdom and knowledge
  • Political Philosopher a person who studies
    discusses politics
  • Topic Examined state of nature
  • - What is human nature?
  • - What should be the main purpose of government?

3
Annotating Taking Notes on PaperGoal Be an
ACTIVE reader
  • Underline important terms and vocabulary.
  • Highlight important phrases.
  • Write key words and definitions in the margin.
  • Signal where important information can be found.
  • Write short summaries in the margin.
  • Write questions in the margin next to the section
    where the answer is found.

4
  • Check your annotations against mine. How did you
    do?

5
State of Nature
  • What is the State of Nature?
  • No government and no laws
  • What are 2 pros and 2 cons of SON?
  • Pros No taxes, No rules, No compromise,
    Absolute Freedom?
  • Cons Dangerous, Chaotic, People wont respect
    each others rights, every man for himself

6
Natural Rights
  • What are the 3 Natural Rights?
  • Life people have a right to safety
  • Liberty people have a right to make their own
    decisions
  • Property People have a right to own things that
    are necessary to survive

7
Why Do People Agree to Form a Social Contract?
  • - To live at peace
  • Individuals agree to give up the absolute right
    to do anything they want
  • - They agree to obey the law
  • - In return everyone receives the security and
    stability a government can provide
  • - Their natural rights are protected.

8
  • 7. In which U.S. documents can Lockes ideas be
    found?
  • Declaration of Independence, some state
    Constitutions, Bill of Rights
  • 8. What is Lockes philosophy called?
  • Natural Rights Philosophy
  • 9. What is a Social Contract?
  • An agreement to create a government and obey its
    laws

9
Discussion Questions
  • Do you agree with Lockes ideas?
  • Do we need a government to protect our rights?
  • Should people be able to rebel against their
    government when it does not protect their natural
    rights?
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