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The Enlightenment

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The Enlightenment What does Enlightenment mean? An intellectual movement that stresses reason and thought. The Enlightenment will also be geared for individuals to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Enlightenment


1
The Enlightenment
2
What does Enlightenment mean?
  • An intellectual movement that stresses reason and
    thought.
  • The Enlightenment will also be geared for
    individuals to solve problems.
  • Will also be known as the Age of Reason .

3
Main Ideas
  • Will cover, challenge and bring new insight in
    four categories
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Economics
  • Education

4
Key Players
  • Some of the key people during the Enlightenment
    were
  • Thomas Hobbs
  • John Locke
  • Francois Marie Arouet aka Voltaire
  • Baron de Montesquieu
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Cesare Bonesana Beccaria

5
Philosophes
  • This is the term for all of these key players or
    social critics during the Enlightenment.
  • Applied reason to all aspects of life.
  • They had five concepts for their core of beliefs
  • Reason
  • Nature
  • Happiness
  • Progress
  • Liberty

6
Key Player
  • Thomas Hobbs
  • A English political thinker
  • Social Contract
  • Believed in a ruler having total power.

7
Key Player
  • John Locke
  • A English political thinker
  • Natural Rights
  • All people born free and equal

8
Key Player
  • Francois Marie Arouet aka Voltaire
  • Fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of
    religious belief and freedom of speech.

9
Key Player
  • Baron de Montesquieu
  • Separation of Power
  • Checks and Balances

10
Key Player
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Individual freedom
  • Direct Democracy

11
Key Player
  • Cesare Bonesana Beccaria
  • Justice System

12
Women during the Enlightenment
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
  • Published an Essay for women's rights
  • Mary Astell
  • Strived for better education for women
  • Emilie du Chatelet
  • Translated Isaac Newtons work

13
Long lasting effects of the Enlightenment
  • The Enlightenment will have three lasting
    legacies the first of which will bring about a
    more democratic style of government.

14
Long term effects continued
  • The Enlightenment will also influence people to
    have a more secular or non-religious attitude in
    their life.

15
A little more
  • Finally the Enlightenment will influence people
    to have more faith in themselves and their own
    abilities.

16
Question of the Day
  • How would you compare the Scientific revolution
    to the Enlightenment?
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