Studying Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Studying Geography PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 78f34f-OWY0N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Studying Geography

Description:

Studying Geography Preview Section 1: Themes and Essential Elements Section 2: Skill Building: Using the Geographer s Tools Chapter Wrap-Up – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:45
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: MC1148
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Studying Geography


1
Studying Geography
  • Preview
  • Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
  • Section 2 Skill Building Using the Geographers
    Tools
  • Chapter Wrap-Up

2
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
  • Read to Discover
  • What are the two main branches of geography?
  • How do we use geography?
  • What are some ways we can organize our world and
    the study of geography?

3
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
Question What are the two main branches of
geography?
4
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
Human Geography
Physical Geography
Both
Studies distribution and characteristics of the
worlds people (where people live and what they
do) Examines how people make and trade things
that they need to survive
Focuses on Earths natural environments,
including landforms, water features, plants,
animals, and other physical features Studies
the processes that shape physical environments
Studies how people interact with their
environments
5
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
  • We Use Geography
  • In GovernmentFor mapmaking and planning
  • In BusinessFor marketing and development
  • In SchoolsFor education
  • Every DayTo find our way in town or on trips,
    when we watch the news and weather, when we read
    about other countries, when we make decisions
    about locations for events or businesses

6
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
Organizing the World by Regions
  • FormalHas one or more common features that make
    it different from surrounding areas
  • FunctionalDifferent places that are linked
    together and function as a unit
  • PerceptualReflects human feelings and attitudes

7
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
Organizing the Study of Geography
Organizing the Study of Geography
  • By Five Themes
  • LocationExact or relative spot of something on
    Earth
  • PlacePhysical and human features of a location
  • Human-Environment InteractionWays people and
    environments interrelate with and affect each
    other
  • MovementHow people and things change locations
    and the effects of these changes
  • RegionGeographic areas with one or more shared
    characteristics

8
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
  • By Six Essential Elements
  • The World in Spatial Terms
  • How to use maps and other tools
  • How to use mental maps to organize information
  • How to analyze the spatial organization of
    people, places, and environments
  • Places and Regions
  • The physical and human characteristics of places
  • How people create regions to interpret Earth
  • How culture and experience influence peoples
    perceptions of places and regions

9
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
  • By Six Essential Elements
  • Physical Systems
  • Human Systems
  • Environment and Society
  • The physical processes that shape Earths surface
  • The distribution of ecosystems on Earth
  • The characteristics, distribution, and migration
    of human populations
  • The complexity of Earths cultural mosaics
  • The patterns and networks of economic
    interdependence on Earth
  • The patterns of human settlement

10
Section 1 Themes and Essential Elements
  • By Six Essential Elements
  • Physical Systems
  • Human Systems
  • Environment and Society
  • The forces of cooperation and conflict
  • How human actions modify the physical environment
  • How physical systems affect human systems
  • The distribution and meaning of resources
  • The Uses of Geography
  • Apply geography to interpret the past
  • Apply geography to interpret the present and plan
    for the future

11
Section 2 Skill Building Using the
Geographers Tools
  • Read to Discover
  • How do geographers and mapmakers organize our
    world?
  • What kinds of special maps do geographers use?
  • How do geographers use climate graphs and
    population pyramids?

12
Section 2 Skill Building Using the
Geographers Tools
Geographers and Mapmakers Organize
  • By drawing lines on the globe
  • By identifying hemispheres, landmasses, and
    bodies of water
  • By making and using maps

13
Section 2 Skill Building Using the
Geographers Tools
Question What are characteristics of the three
map projection types?
14
Section 2 Skill Building Using the
Geographers Tools
Map Projection
Disadvantages
Advantages
Used by navigators because it shows true
direction and shape
Exaggerates landmasses at high latitudes
Cylindrical
Not as accurate for areas that extend mostly
north to south
Conic
Accurate for areas with long east-west dimensions
Used by pilots and navigators because it shows
true direction and area sizes
Flat-Plane
Distorts shapes
15
Section 2 Skill Building Using the
Geographers Tools
Special-Purpose Maps
  • Climate and Precipitation MapsShow weather
    patterns and atmospheric conditions
  • Population and Economic MapsShow the
    distribution of people, natural resources, and
    land usage patterns
  • Elevation Profiles and Topographic MapsShow
    physical features of the land

16
Section 2 Skill Building Using the
Geographers Tools
Important Geographic Characteristics
  • Climate graphs show average temperatures and
    precipitation in a place.
  • Population pyramids show percentages of males and
    females by age group in a countrys population.
    They help us understand population trends.

17
Chapter Wrap-Up Understanding the Main Ideas
  1. What are two main branches in the study of
    geography?
  2. What six essential elements help us organize the
    study of geography?
  3. How are the three kinds of regions defined?
  4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the
    three main map projections?
  5. What are six kinds of special-purpose maps?
About PowerShow.com