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Sparta vs. Athens

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Secondary Schools Last modified by: End User Created Date: 1/30/2009 3:48:29 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sparta vs. Athens


1
Sparta vs. Athens
2
Location
  • Sparta
  • was located in the south-central region of Greece
    known as the ___________________
  • Athens
  • Located northeast of Sparta on the ______________
    coast

3
Military
  • Sparta
  • Greatest ______________ power in Greece
  • Only goal? to be ___________ _________
  • _______ led the army
  • Spartan boys were sent to live in ___________
    _______ when they were seven
  • Athens
  • Army and ________
  • ___________ warships that had 3 levels or
    rowers, one above the other
  • _________ ___________
  • -common navy
  • Played a role in the ___________ Wars

4
Citizenship
  • Sparta
  • Only ____________ were citizens
  • _________ and __________ were NOT citizens
  • Athens
  • 750 B.C. Athenian __________, ______________, and
    __________________ took over the government
  • 594 B.C. __________ prepared a _________________
    that broke the political power of the rich
  • -he offered ______________ to artisans who were
    not Athenians
  • 506 B.C. __________________ stated that a person
    no longer had to _____ ________ to be a
    citizen.
  • Athenian males became ______________ at 18 years
    old.

5
Babies
  • Sparta
  • _____________ ___________ were examined to
    see at birth.
  • If they were healthy, they _______________________
    _ _______.
  • If they were not healthy, they ___________________
    __
  • _____________________________________________.

6
Government
  • Sparta
  • Ruled by a _______ at first
  • By 800 B.C., ____________ took over the
    government and from then on 2 kings ruled at a
    time, which was known as an _________________
    (few people have the ruling power).
  • ______________ -this was open to all males over
    20 years old
  • -they passed _______ made decisions about
    _______ and ____________
  • -each year they chose 5 members known as
    ____________ (managers)
  • -controlled public affairs and educated young
    Spartans
  • Athens
  • Ruled by a _______ at first
  • 750 B.C., Athenian _________, ____________, and
    ___________________ took over the government
  • Oligarchy
  • Changes in government
  • 1. __________ tried to change the government but
    failed because his ______________________were too
    harsh.

7
Government
  • Athens
  • Changes in government
  • (continued)
  • 2. 594 B.C., ________ took over the government
    and prepared a _______________ to break political
    power of the ________
  • 3. 560 B.C., ________________ took over? he was
    in favor of the __________ classes
  • Sparta
  • Council of __________-helped the ephors
  • -suggested laws to the assembly
  • -served as a ________ ________

8
Government
  • Athens
  • -Peisistratus sons took over government after
    his death-soon after, ____________ overthrew
    their government.
  • 508 B.C., Spartans were overthrown by
    ______________________, a noble
  • 4. He put into effect the worlds first
    democratic constitution
  • -____________________ __________________, form
    of government that favors the equality of all
    people
  • -the Assembly was open to all males over
    _______ years old

9
Government
  • Athens
  • -each year, the Assembly elected 10 _____________
    who did the following
  • 1. run the Athenian ________ and _________
  • 2. serve as ___________ _____________, or judges.
  • 3. one of them was named ________________-___-____
    ___
  • -Council of _______ ____________
  • -council members were chosen each year by
    ______ instead of by _________ (2 reasons?)

10
Boys
  • Athens
  • It was required that ______________ educated
    their sons
  • No public ____________
  • had a _______________
  • attended ___________
  • ______________
  • starting at 7, they studied _________ ,
    _________,
  • ____________
  • memorized _______ work and other famous Greek
    poets
  • practiced ____________
  • Sparta (military camps)
  • Sent to live in __________ camps at age _____
  • trained in groups
  • learned how to _______, __________, and use
    ___________
  • given small amount of ________
  • went ______________ with one cloak to wear
  • only spoke when necessary
  • examined every 10 days to check ________________
  • _______________________

11
Men
  • Sparta
  • expected to marry at age ________
  • couldnt have a ______________ of their own
  • expected to live and eat in ___________
    ____________shared expenses with other soldiers
  • could retire from army when they turned ____
  • Athens
  • became citizens at age ____
  • went to the temple of ______
  • At the temple, they took an oath of citizenship
    in front of family and friends
  • ?promised to do the following
  • 1. help make Athens a better place in which to
    live
  • 2. be honorable in ___________
  • 3. follow the ________________
  • 4. respect their ____________

12
Women
  • Sparta
  • more __________ than women of other Greek
    city-states
  • mixed freely with ______
  • enjoyed _________ such as wrestling and racing
  • told their men to come home with their
    _____________ if the men were sent into battle
  • Athens
  • spent most time at home performing ______________
    duties
  • didnt go out without a _______________
  • only went out to visit other ____________ or
    attend __________ ___________
  • never spoke to ______ on the street or
    ____________ their husbands friends

13
Social Classes
  • Sparta
  • upper class settled near the ____________
  • upper class? )_____________ (trained for the
    army and war)
  • ____________ (merchants and artisans who lived in
    the villages) (worked)
  • -they were neither enslaved people nor
    citizens
  • ___________ (enslaved people owned by the
    city-states who worked the land) (worked)
  • Athens
  • upper class settled near the ___________
  • Lower class? ______________
  • Upper-class Athenians (nobles, merchants, and
    manufacturers) made reforms to resist an uprising
    against the government due to fights between the
    nobles, farmers, artisans over ________
    _____________

14
Culture-Jobs/Arts/Entertainment
  • Sparta
  • Helots and perioecienslaved people, merchants,
    and artisans
  • sports
  • resisted ________ so new ideas wouldnt
    ___________ their way of life (they were a
    farming society dependant on slaves)
  • only goal? to be __________ _________!
  • Athens
  • merchants, artisans, and farmers
  • Sports
  • school
  • ___________ , ______
  • ______________ , and ___________ reached new
    heights during Pericles reign
  • strong ____________ beliefs and respect for
    _________________

15
Role in the Persian Wars
  • Athens
  • sent ___________ to help Ionia revolt after their
    defeat by the Persians
  • -Battle of ______________ (490 B.C.)
  • -Greeks ________
  • -Battle of _________________(480 B.C.)
  • Greeks _________
  • -Battle of ______________
  • Greeks _________ (lighter, faster ships defeated
    the Persian fleet)
  • -Battle of ______________ (479 B.C.)
  • Greeks ________
  • all victories were due to their powerful
    ___________
  • Sparta
  • Battle of __________________
  • _______ Spartans remained but were then
    __________ at the pass when a Greek traitor
    informed the __________ where the Greeks waited.

16
Delian League
  • Sparta
  • one of the few city- states that _________________
  • Athens
  • formed a defensive league, or protective group,
    (called ____________ _____________) since
    Persians still ruled Ionia
  • once a city-state became a League member, it
    could not ____________ unless all members agreed
  • common _________
  • -ships built and crewed by _____________ but
    costs paid by other city-states
  • ___________ gained more and more power over time

17
Delian League
  • Athens
  • turned into the Athenian ____________
  • _______________ (general/main leader at the time)
    known as the first _________ of Athens
  • He dreamed of Athens as being the most
    beautiful, perfect city
  • He rebuilt ____________ and ____________ on the
    Acropolis
  • 1. The ______________ (temple of Athena)
  • 2. the ________ _______connected Athens
    to Piraeus (seaport)
  • ______ , ________________ , and _______________
    reached new heights during this time

18
Decline
  • Athens
  • 30-year ________________ War was the start of the
    end-404 B.C. ___________ surrendered to Sparta
  • War and plague killed many Athenians and
    thousands of Athenian men became
    _________________ (hired soldiers) who left home.
  • ________ revolted and set up a ___________________
    again, but they didnt have the power they once
    had
  • Sparta
  • ___________ ruled Greece after the
    _________________ WarSpartans were harsh rulers
    who angered the other Greeks
  • 371 B.C., __________ overthrew Spartan rule
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