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Discourse%20Analysis

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Title: Discourse Analysis Author: Danell Last modified by: dlfannin Created Date: 4/22/2009 5:36:53 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Discourse%20Analysis


1
Discourse Analysis
  • Why it is important?

2
Discourse Analysis
Do you know your nyms ?
3
Discourse Analysis
  • Synonym - same
  • Antonym - opposite
  • Autoantonym means two things that are opposites
  • Capitonym means something different when
    capitalized
  • Eponym a word derived from a name
  • Heteronym spelled the same, pronounced
    different, has a different meaning
  • Hyponym a word with a more specific meaning
    than another
  • Mononym a one word name
  • Meronym

4
Discourse Analysis
Hyponym Waterfall A-1 Toponym - Capital of Turkey B-1 Heteronym To give deference Used w/a Violin C-1 Eponym A scheme to defraud D-1
Antonym Cacophony A-2 Heteronym - To Actively Place (v) Golf term B-2 Capitonym Country or Bird C-2 Autoantonym Murderous Cheerfully optimistic D-2
Mononym Mrs. Sonny Bono A-3 Eponym El Salvador B-3 Synonym Extraneous C-3 Meronym Concave Convex D-3
Autoantonym To adhere To cut apart A-4 Capitonym - Liturgical Function or Physical property of matter B-4 Antonym - Surreptitious C-4 Hyponym Syntax D-4
Meronym - Past Future A-5 Synonym Inept B-5 Mononym Eva Brauns Husband C-5 Toponym - Effervescent Wine From France D-5
5
Discourse Analysis
Hyponym Niagara Falls Bridal Veil Falls Toponym - Ankara - Angora Heteronym - Bow Eponym - Ponzy Scheme
Antonym - Quite, peaceful Heteronym - putting Capitonym - Turkey Autoantonym sanguine
Mononym - Cher Eponym - The Savior, Christ Synonym - Irrelevant Meronym - Flat
Autoantonym Cleave Capitonym - Mass mass Antonym Clandestine Sneaky Hyponym - Grammar, Intonation
Meronym - Present Synonym Incompetent Clumsy Mononym Hitler Toponym - Champagne
6
Discourse Analysis
  • Every communication situation has at least eight
    components A TRANSACTION in which a (1) sender
  • (2) encodes a
  • (3) message in some
  • (5) context and sends it through a
  • (4) channel to a
  • (6) receiver who
  • (7) decodes it and reacts
  • (8 effect).

7
Discourse Analysis
  • Sender
  • Source
  • The person who communicates with another person
    through symbolic actions
  • Written
  • Spoken
  • Signs
  • Gestures

8
Discourse Analysis
  • Encoding
  • the process of creating a discourse or text that
    another person will later decode.

9
Discourse Analysis
  • Message
  • a string of symbols with a beginning and an end

10
Discourse Analysis
  • Context
  • the experiences, past or present, that provide
    the circumstances in which events (including
    symbolic actions) occur
  • Contexts are the experiences, physical or
    virtual, past or present, which the author and
    audience need to share for communication to be
    effective along with the times and places that
    inform communicative situations.

11
Discourse Analysis
  • Channels
  • Spoken
  • Written
  • Others?

12
Discourse Analysis
  • Decode
  • the process of interpreting a discourse or text
    that another person has encoded

13
Discourse Analysis
  • Effect
  • effect is the result of all eight components
    combined because they are "embedded" in the
    message

14
Discourse Analysis
  • Frames
  • Perspectives
  • Topography of your mind
  • Reference points
  • Mutually Shared?

15
Discourse Analysis
  • Mind Mapping
  • A mind map is a diagram used to represent words,
    ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and
    arranged radially around a central key word or
    idea.

16
Discourse Analysis
  • Mind Mapping
  • A mind map is a diagram used to represent words,
    ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and
    arranged radially around a central key word or
    idea.

DOG
17
Discourse Analysis
  • Mind Mapping
  • A mind map is a diagram used to represent words,
    ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and
    arranged radially around a central key word or
    idea.

SPCA
Poodle
Pet
Breed
Guide dog
Working
Cultural
DOG
Police dog
Meat
Hunting
BBQ
Trained
Pavlov
sheds
Retriever
Lab Animal
Dirty
18
Discourse Analysis
19
Discourse Analysis
20
Discourse Analysis
  • Idioms
  • An idiom is a phrase whose meaning cannot be
    determined by the literal definition of the
    phrase itself, but refers instead to a figurative
    meaning that is known only through common use.

21
Discourse Analysis
  • Idioms
  • An idiom is a phrase whose meaning cannot be
    determined by the literal definition of the
    phrase itself, but refers instead to a figurative
    meaning that is known only through common use.
  • An idiom is generally a colloquial metaphor a
    term which requires some foundational knowledge,
    information, or experience, to use only within a
    culture where parties must have common reference.

22
Discourse Analysis
  • Idioms
  • An idiom is a phrase whose meaning cannot be
    determined by the literal definition of the
    phrase itself, but refers instead to a figurative
    meaning that is known only through common use.
  • An idiom is generally a colloquial metaphor a
    term which requires some foundational knowledge,
    information, or experience, to use only within a
    culture where parties must have common reference.
  • Idioms are part of the language, more importantly
    they are part of the culture.

23
Discourse Analysis
English Idiom Equivalent Translation Pashto Idiom
? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????
????? ?? ?? ???????
???? ?? ???? ?????
??? ?? ???? ???? ???
?? ??? ???? ?????
?? ????? ?? ???? ???????
??? ?? ??? ????
???? ?? ??? ??????
24
Discourse Analysis
English Idiom Equivalent Translation Pashto Idiom
Ones own foot is stuck in ones pants to be busy with ones own problems ? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????
Not to let a fly on ones nose to get angry quickly not to tolerate anything ????? ?? ?? ???????
To separate water with a bat to attempt to do something impossible ???? ?? ???? ?????
To sharpen the sickle with a mud crumbles to make up false excuses in order to get out of an obligation ??? ?? ???? ???? ???
To talk with full stomach not to have empathy to be detached from the reality ?? ??? ???? ?????
Ones hat falls into oil to hit a fortune ?? ????? ?? ???? ???????
To become horn to horn to engage in a fight ??? ?? ??? ????
Water rises above ones head to be too late to (take action) ???? ?? ??? ??????
25
Discourse Analysis
English Idiom Equivalent Translation Pashto Idiom
Go it alone Ones own foot is stuck in ones pants to be busy with ones own problems ? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????
Fly off the handle, blew his top, Not to let a fly on ones nose to get angry quickly not to tolerate anything ????? ?? ?? ???????
Thread a camel through the eye of a needle, make a silk purse out of a sows ear, get blood from a turnip To separate water with a bat to attempt to do something impossible ???? ?? ???? ?????
Talk in circles, To sharpen the sickle with a mud crumbles to make up false excuses in order to get out of an obligation ??? ?? ???? ???? ???
Heart of stone, To talk with full stomach not to have empathy to be detached from the reality ?? ??? ???? ?????
Hit the jackpot, sitting pretty, the world is my oyster, Ones hat falls into oil to hit a fortune ?? ????? ?? ???? ???????
Lock horns, duke it out, lay into them, catch a fade, To become horn to horn to engage in a fight ??? ?? ??? ????
Put it on ice, string them along, Water rises above ones head to be too late to (take action) ???? ?? ??? ??????
26
Discourse Analysis
  • Resources
  • Communication as a Cognitive Science Project
  • http//c-cs.us/ABOUT/60about.html
  • English Idioms Beginning with A
  • http//www.usingenglish.com/reference/idioms/a.htm
    l
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