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Title: Period 3: 600


1
Period 3 600 1450
2
Islam
  • Name the god, prophet and holy book of Islam,
    the last of the great monotheistic religions that
    began on the Arabian peninsula in the 7th century.

3
Islam
  • Name the god, prophet and holy book of Islam,
    the last of the great monotheistic religions that
    began on the Arabian peninsula in the 7th
    century.
  • Allah, Mohammad and the Quran.

4
Islam
  • Muslims believe that salvation is won through
    submission to the will of God, accomplished by
    following the Five Pillars of Islam. Name the
    five pillars.

5
Islam
  • Muslims believe that salvation is won through
    submission to the will of God, accomplished by
    following the Five Pillars of Islam. Name the
    five pillars.
  • Confession of faith
  • Prayer five times daily
  • Charity to the needy
  • Fasting during the month-long Ramadan
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once during ones
    lifetime

6
Islam
  • Whats the difference between the beliefs of
    Shiite and Sunni Muslims?

7
Islam
  • Whats the difference between the beliefs of
    Shiite and Sunni Muslims?
  • Shiites hold that Ali, Mohammads son-in-law,
    was the rightful heir to the empire, while Sunnis
    do not believe that he and his hereditary line
    are the chosen successors.

8
Islam
  • Whats the name for the Islamic mystics who were
    the most effective missionaries because they
    stressed a personal relationship with Allah
    rather than particular forms of ritual?

9
Islam
  • Whats the name for the Islamic mystics who were
    the most effective missionaries because they
    stressed a personal relationship with Allah
    rather than particular forms of ritual?
  • Sufis

10
Islam
  • Under the Umayyad dynasty (661-750), Islam
    established its capital in Damascus and quickly
    conquered a vast region because of weak
    surrounding empires and in part by encouraging
    converts to Islam by pursuing what policy?

11
Islam
  • Under the Umayyad dynasty (661-750), Islam
    established its capital in Damascus and quickly
    conquered a vast region because of weak
    surrounding empires and in part by encouraging
    converts to Islam by pursuing what policy?
  • Taxing those who chose not to convert

12
Islam
  • What dynasty reigned from 750 to 1258 (when they
    were finally toppled by the Mongols), moved the
    capital to Baghdad and were heavily influenced by
    Persian techniques of statecraft?

13
Islam
  • What dynasty reigned from 750 to 1258 (when they
    were finally toppled by the Mongols), moved the
    capital to Baghdad and were heavily influenced by
    Persian techniques of statecraft?
  • The Abbasid dynasty

14
Islam
  • Characterize the general status of women under
    Islam.

15
Islam
  • Characterize the general status of women under
    Islam.
  • Compared to earlier times and most other places,
    women in Islamic society gained some legal
    rights, were treated with more dignity and were
    equal in the eyes of Allah. They were still
    subservient to men and over time Islamic society
    became more and more patriarchal.

16
Hmmm
  • What lasted until 1453, was home to Orthodox
    Christianity in Constantinople, used the Greek
    language and was heavily influenced by Eastern
    cultures like those of Persia?

17
Byzantium
  • What lasted until 1453, was home to Orthodox
    Christianity in Constantinople, used the Greek
    language and was heavily influenced by Eastern
    cultures like those of Persia?
  • The Byzantine Empire, the eastern half of the
    old Roman Empire the western half of which
    collapsed in 476 CE.

18
Byzantium
  • Who was the most famous of Byzantiums rulers,
    and what were his most important accomplishments?

19
Byzantium
  • Who was the most famous of Byzantiums rulers,
    and what were his most important accomplishments?
  • Justinian (reigned 527-565) his codification of
    Roman law (Justinian Code) that later in the
    Middle Ages served as the legal basis for states
    in the West and his support of arts and
    sciences and major architectural projects,
    including the Hagia Sophia.

20
Byzantium
  • Whats the term for what happened in 1054 when
    the Byzantine patriarch and the pope in Rome
    mutually excommunicated each other over disputes
    about what should be considered properly
    Christian?

21
Byzantium
  • Whats the term for what happened in 1054 the
    Byzantine patriarch and the pope in Rome mutually
    excommunicated each other over disputes about
    what should be considered properly Christian?
  • The Great Schism, or East-West Schism

22
Byzantium
  • Where can the Byzantine Empires cultural legacy
    Orthodox Christianity and Cyrillic alphabet
    still be seen today?

23
Byzantium
  • Where can the Byzantine Empires cultural legacy
    Orthodox Christianity and Cyrillic alphabet
    still be seen today?
  • Russia and Slavic Eastern Europe

24
Europe
  • What are three cool (and accurate) adjectives
    that might be used to characterize Europe during
    the so-called Middle Ages?

25
Europe
  • What are three cool (and accurate) adjectives
    that might be used to characterize Europe during
    the so-called Middle Ages?
  • Decentralized, feudal, quarrelsome

26
Europe
  • What institution was the single greatest
    unifying force in western Europe during the
    Middle Ages?

27
Europe
  • What institution was the single greatest
    unifying force in western Europe during the
    Middle Ages?
  • The Catholic Church

28
Europe
  • Name the three serious threats of outside
    invasion Europeans faced during the Middle Ages
    a fact that in part explains the regions
    adoption of feudalism during this time.

29
Europe
  • Name the three serious threats of outside
    invasion Europeans faced during the Middle Ages
    a fact that in part explains the regions
    adoption of feudalism during this time.
  • Vikings from the north (Scandinavia), Magyars
    from the east (Hungary) and Muslims from the south

30
Europe
  • Name the social, economic and political system
    that included from the top down kings,
    nobles, vassals and peasants (or serfs) in a
    system of mutual obligations.

31
Europe
  • Name the social, economic and political system
    that included from the top down kings,
    nobles, vassals and peasants (or serfs) in a
    system of mutual obligations.
  • Feudalism

32
Europe
  • Large, self-sufficient estates consisting of
    fields, meadows, forests, agricultural tools and
    domestic animals, on which serfs were tied to the
    land with few rights, acted as the backbone of
    feudal Europes economy. What were these entities
    called?

33
Europe
  • Large, self-sufficient estates consisting of
    fields, meadows, forests, agricultural tools and
    domestic animals, on which serfs were tied to the
    land with few rights, acted as the backbone of
    feudal Europes economy. What were these entities
    called?
  • Manors

34
Europe
  • Over time towns formed economic alliances
    somewhat akin to regions with integrated
    city-states. They established common trade
    practices and secured the regional business
    environment, which led to the growth of a sizable
    middle class. Name the most notable of these
    alliances that controlled trade throughout much
    of northern Europe and came to influence the
    Dutch and the English.

35
Europe
  • Over time towns formed economic alliances
    somewhat akin to integrated city-state complexes.
    They established common trade practices and
    secured the regional business environment, which
    led to the growth of a sizable middle class. Name
    the most notable of these alliances that
    controlled trade throughout much of northern
    Europe and came to influence the Dutch and the
    English.
  • Hanseatic League

36
Europe
  • What was arguably the most important long-term
    impact of the Crusades, the basically
    unsuccessful military campaigns undertaken by
    European Christians during the 11th through 14th
    centuries to take back the Holy Land and convert
    Muslims and others to Christianity?

37
Europe
  • What was arguably the most important long-term
    impact of the Crusades, the basically
    unsuccessful military campaigns undertaken by
    European Christians during the 11th through 14th
    centuries to take back the Holy Land and convert
    Muslims and others to Christianity?
  • Europeans were re-engaged with the wider world,
    reacquainted with the Greek classics and thereby
    newly open to thought outside that of the Church.

38
Europe
  • Another thing that weakened the Church and
    greatly sped up social and economic changes
    during the Late Middle Ages was the bubonic
    plague. Whats the name of the plague of the
    mid-14th century that originated in China and
    spread westward on trade routes, eventually
    killing an estimated 35 million people?

39
Europe
  • Another thing that weakened the Church and
    greatly sped up social and economic changes
    during the Late Middle Ages was the bubonic
    plague. Whats the name of the plague of the
    mid-14th century that originated in China and
    spread westward on trade routes, eventually
    killing an estimated 35 million people?
  • The Black Death, or Great Mortality

40
Europe
  • What is the significance of the Magna Carta, a
    document that powerful nobles forced King John of
    England to sign in 1215?

41
Europe
  • What is the significance of the Magna Carta, a
    document that powerful nobles forced King John of
    England to sign in 1215?
  • It eventually extended the rule of law to lower
    classes and laid the foundation for Parliament.
    It was, thus, a foundational legal document of
    the long journey away from monarchy and toward
    representative democracy.

42
Europe
  • Whats the name of the conflict between the
    English and French that eventually led to
    Englands withdrawal from France and a subsequent
    consolidation of royal power in France under the
    Bourbons, who steered the country on a course of
    increasing power on the European continent?

43
Europe
  • Whats the name of the conflict between the
    English and French that eventually led to
    Englands withdrawal from France and a subsequent
    consolidation of royal power in France under the
    Bourbons, who steered the country on a course of
    increasing power on the European continent?
  • The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)

44
China
  • What were two major internal problems that
    contributed to the ultimate downfall of the Song
    dynasty?

45
China
  • What were two major internal problems that
    contributed to the ultimate downfall of the Song
    dynasty?
  • One was a financial crisis that developed
    because of the dynastys spending on its enormous
    bureaucracy, which triggered major rebellions
    over efforts to raise taxes on peasants. A second
    problem was the failure of the scholar
    bureaucrats to manage their military and guard
    Chinas borders.

46
China
  • Under the Tang (618-907) and early Song
    (960-1279) dynasties, Confucian philosophy was
    adapted to Buddhist ideas to become the guiding
    doctrine and basis for civil service. What was
    the name of this syncretic belief?

47
China
  • Under the Tang (618-907) and early Song
    (960-1279) dynasties, Confucian philosophy was
    adapted to Buddhist ideas to become the guiding
    doctrine and basis for civil service. What was
    the name of this syncretic belief?
  • Neo-Confucianism

48
China
  • What practice became widespread among elite
    families during the Song dynasty and is perhaps
    the most notable and enduring cultural practice
    signifying the subordination of Chinese women?

49
China
  • What practice became widespread among elite
    families during the Song dynasty and is perhaps
    the most notable cultural practice signifying the
    subordination of Chinese women?
  • Foot binding

50
China
  • Name the system by which China exercised
    indirect rule and cultural preeminence of
    surrounding vassal states such as Vietnam, Korea
    and Tibet a system that acknowledged the
    supremacy of the Chinese emperor and sent
    ambassadors bearing gifts.

51
China
  • Name the system by which China exercised
    indirect rule and its cultural preeminence over
    surrounding vassal states such as Vietnam, Korea
    and Tibet a system that acknowledged the
    supremacy of the Chinese emperor and involved
    ambassadors bearing gifts.
  • tributary system

52
China
  • Under what dynasty did China develop printing
    processes that facilitated the spread of literacy
    and influenced literature in surrounding states
    like Korea and Japan?

53
China
  • Under what dynasty did China develop printing
    processes that facilitated the spread of literacy
    and influenced literature in surrounding states
    like Korea and Japan?
  • Song dynasty

54
China
  • The cultural achievement most notable during the
    Tang dynasty was what?

55
China
  • The cultural achievement most notable during the
    Tang dynasty was what?
  • Poetry, which reveals much about daily life in
    China during this time

56
China
  • What achievement of the Sui dynasty (589-618)
    paid dividends for a thousand years because it
    integrated the economies of northern and southern
    China?

57
China
  • What achievement of the Sui dynasty (589-618)
    paid dividends for a thousand years because it
    integrated the economies of northern and southern
    China?
  • The Grand Canal, a series of artificial
    waterways linking the Yellow River in the north
    with the Yangzi River in the south, both of which
    run generally east to west

58
China
  • Name five technological advancements the Chinese
    made during this period.

59
China
  • Name five technological advancements the Chinese
    made during this period.
  • 1. Gunpowder
  • 2. Magnetic compass
  • 3. Watertight bulkheads
  • 4. Sternpost rudder
  • 5. Increased production of iron and steel

60
Japan
  • Whats the name of the Japanese religion that
    worships the kami, or nature and all its forces,
    seen and unseen where the goal is to become part
    of the kami by following rituals and practicing
    obedience and proper behavior and holds the
    emperor as a direct descendant of the sun
    goddess?

61
Japan
  • Whats the name of the Japanese religion that
    worships the kami, or nature and all its forces,
    seen and unseen where the goal is to become part
    of the kami by following rituals and practicing
    obedience and proper behavior and holds the
    emperor as a direct descendant of the sun
    goddess?
  • Shinto

62
Japan
  • During the Tang dynasty, nearby Japan adopted
    some of the political reforms of China and
    modeled its capital after the Tang capital but
    it rejected Confucianism and the idea of a
    meritocratic civil service bureaucracy. Why?

63
Japan
  • During the Tang dynasty, nearby Japan adopted
    some of the political reforms of China and
    modeled its capital after the Tang capital but
    it rejected Confucianism and the idea of a
    meritocratic civil service bureaucracy. Why?
  • Both expressed high regard for education, but in
    Japan the hereditary noble classes believed that
    the privileges of birthright came before
    education.

64
Japan
  • Japan had a figurehead emperor and a chief
    general, or shogun, who wielded the real power
    over the daimyo, who were samurai warriors and
    large landowners who divided up their lands to
    lesser and lesser samurai in a land-for-loyalty
    arrangement similar to what social and political
    system also present in Europe at the same time?

65
Japan
  • Japan had a figurehead emperor and a chief
    general, or shogun, who wielded the real power
    over the daimyo, who were samurai warrior and
    large landowners who divided up their lands to
    lesser and lesser samurai in a land-for-loyalty
    arrangement similar to what social and political
    system also present in Europe at the same time?
  • Feudalism

66
Japan
  • Samurai, who were like knights, followed what
    code of conduct that was similar to chivalry in
    Europe (loyalty, courage, honor to the point of
    suicide if obligations werent met)?

67
Japan
  • Samurai, who were like knights, followed what
    code of conduct that was similar to chivalry in
    Europe (loyalty, courage, honor to the point of
    suicide if obligations werent met)?
  • Code of Bushido

68
Vietnam and Korea
  • Which of these two neighbors of China put up
    more resistance and fought to keep more of its
    independence despite the tributary relationship
    with the more powerful China?

69
Vietnam and Korea
  • Which of these two neighbors of China put up
    more resistance and fought to keep more of its
    independence despite the tributary relationship
    with the more powerful China?
  • Vietnam

70
India
  • In the so-called Delhi Sultanate from about 1200
    to 1400, what monotheistic religion spread across
    northern India and came into sharp contrast with
    the existing polytheism of Hinduism?

71
India
  • In the so-called Delhi Sultanate from about 1200
    to 1400, what monotheistic religion spread across
    northern India and came into sharp contrast with
    the existing polytheism of Hinduism?
  • Islam

72
India
  • Why were Hinduism and Islam so incompatible?

73
India
  • Why were Hinduism and Islam so incompatible?
  • 1. Hinduism is polytheistic, while Islam is
    monotheistic.
  • 2. Hinduism upholds the caste system, while
    Islam holds that everyone is equal in the eyes of
    Allah.
  • 3. Hindus hold cows as sacred, while Muslims eat
    them (cows, that is, not the Hindus).

74
Mongols
  • Who unified the Mongol tribes, conquering the
    greatest land empire ever and splitting them into
    hordes (smaller, independent empires)?

75
Mongols
  • Who unified the Mongol tribes, conquering the
    greatest land empire ever and splitting them into
    hordes (smaller, independent empires)?
  • Genghis Khan

76
Mongols
  • What was the Pax Mongolica, and why was it so
    important?

77
Mongols
  • What was the Pax Mongolica, and why was it so
    important?
  • The period of Mongol peace from the mid-1200s to
    the mid-1300s. Although they destroyed much on
    their way to empire, once in power the Mongols
    maintained stability sufficient to re-ignite
    trade and the diffusion of ideas across Eurasia
    and Europe, which escaped subjugation by the
    Mongols, benefited by learning new technologies,
    such as printing and gunpowder.

78
Mongols
  • Beyond the roles it played in cultural diffusion
    (which eventually narrowed the technology gap
    between East and West) and helping inadvertently
    to spread the Black Death, what other major,
    long-lasting impact did the Mongol Empire have?

79
Mongols
  • Beyond the roles it played in cultural
    diffusion (which eventually narrowed the
    technology gap between East and West) and helping
    inadvertently to spread the Black Death, what
    other major, long-lasting impact did the Mongol
    Empire have?
  • Its rule over Russia (the Golden Horde) delayed
    that countrys unification and cultural
    development. Serfdom, for example, lasted into
    the 1800s centuries after its dissolution in
    western Europe.

80
Africa
  • Whats the name of the empire that arose around
    modern-day Ethiopia, carried on extensive trade
    with the Mediterranean world and converted to
    Christianity the legacy of which can still be
    seen today in a large Christian community?

81
Africa
  • Whats the name of the empire that arose around
    modern-day Ethiopia, carried on extensive trade
    with the Mediterranean world and converted to
    Christianity the legacy of which can still be
    seen today in a large Christian community?
  • Axum

82
Africa
  • To what does the term Swahili Coast refer?

83
Africa
  • To what does the term Swahili Coast refer?
  • The eastern coast of Africa, which was linked
    through trade with India and Southeast Asia.
    Swahili is Arabic for coasters and the Swahili
    language is a mix of the original Bantu language
    of Africa and Arabic supplements, brought via the
    interaction of Muslim merchants trading African
    ports for gold, slaves, ivory and other exotic
    products from the interior of the continent.

84
Africa
  • Who was the great Mali ruler who built a capital
    at Timbuktu and was perhaps the wealthiest king
    in the world during the 14th century, when he
    made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and helped
    spread the influence of Islam in West Africa?

85
Africa
  • Who was the great Mali ruler who built a capital
    at Timbuktu and was perhaps the wealthiest king
    in the world during the 14th century, when he
    made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and helped
    spread the influence of Islam in West Africa?
  • Mansa Musa

86
Africa
  • Describe the nature of trade in West Africa that
    explains why kingdoms like Ghana (800-1000) and
    Mali (1200-1450) were heavily influenced by Islam.

87
Africa
  • Describe the nature of trade in West Africa that
    explains why kingdoms like Ghana (800-1000) and
    Mali (1200-1450) were heavily influenced by
    Islam.
  • Islamic traders from north Africa brought salt
    (and later a lot of other things) from the Sahara
    south into that region, where they exchanged it
    for gold. Their religion took root in West Africa
    as trade flourished there.

88
Americas
  • Name the three great civilizations of Central
    and South America that developed before Europeans
    arrived in the late 15th century.

89
Americas
  • Name the three great civilizations of Central
    and South America that developed before Europeans
    arrived in the late 15th century.
  • the Maya (around Mexicos Yucatan Peninsula and
    Central America), the Aztecs (central Mexico) and
    the Incas (western coast of South America, along
    the Andes Mountains)

90
The Aztecs
  • How did the Aztecs administer their empire?

91
The Aztecs
  • How did the Aztecs administer their empire?
  • Instead of an elaborate bureaucracy, they
    demanded tribute from conquered areas and then
    allowed them to self-govern. Roads were built to
    keep together the far-flung parts of the empire.

92
The Aztecs
  • Why was the Aztec religious system tied closely
    to the military?

93
The Aztecs
  • Why was the Aztec religious system tied closely
    to the military?
  • The military was used to obtain the tens of
    thousands of men and women sacrificed each year
    in religious ceremonies.

94
The Incas
  • Like other indigenous peoples of the Americas,
    the Incas lacked large domesticated animals such
    as oxen and horses so the prime source of labor
    was human and the wheel was nonexistent. What was
    the minor exception to this rule?

95
The Incas
  • Like other indigenous peoples of the Americas,
    the Incas lacked large domesticated animals such
    as oxen and horses so the prime source of labor
    was human and the wheel was nonexistent. What was
    the minor exception to this rule?
  • They had llamas and alpacas.

96
The Incas
  • The Incas, ruling as a military elite, used a
    large class of bureaucrats to administer their
    empire, which spanned 2,500 miles along the
    Andean coast and where private property did not
    exist. What major building project helped
    facilitate the administration of empire?

97
The Incas
  • The Incas, ruling as a military elite, used a
    large class of bureaucrats to administer their
    empire, which spanned 2,500 miles along the
    Andean coast and where private property did not
    exist. What major building project helped
    facilitate the administration of empire?
  • A paved road system running north and south
    totaling perhaps 10,000 miles, where runners on
    official state business could carry messages up
    to 140 miles a day in a pony express fashion.

98
The Incas
  • The Incas never invented a system of writing,
    but they kept an accounting of harvests and a
    census record using a set of colored, knotted
    strings. Whats the name of this device?

99
The Incas
  • The Incas never invented a system of writing,
    but they kept an accounting of harvests and a
    census record using a set of colored, knotted
    strings. Whats the name of this device?
  • The quipu (KEY-poo)

100
Trade
  • Thanks to advances in naval technologies, the
    trade linking societies from East to West across
    Eurasia migrated more and more south from the
    Silk Road to this region, where traders from
    Persia, Arabia, India and China operated in
    various sub-sectors, thereby creating
    multicultural societies as traders far from their
    homes took local wives.

101
Trade
  • Thanks to advances in naval technologies, the
    trade linking societies from East to West across
    Eurasia migrated more and more south from the
    Silk Road to this region, where traders from
    Persia, Arabia, India and China operated in
    various sub-sectors, thereby creating
    multicultural societies as traders far from their
    homes took local wives.
  • The Indian Ocean (Indian Ocean Maritime System)
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