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The Cherokee


Title: No Slide Title Author: happy go lucky Last modified by: happy go lucky Created Date: 11/17/2008 6:32:46 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cherokee

The Cherokee
Tsalagi Speakers of Another Language
Cherokee Territory
The Cherokee are the original residents of the
Southeast American states of
  • Georgia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Virginia
  • Kentucky
  • Tennessee

Cherokee Mens Clothing
Cherokee men wore breechcloth aprons, a decorated
piece of leather or cloth worn over their
breechcloth, and leggings.
Cherokee Womens Clothing
The traditional dress of the Cherokee women is
called the tear dress. Worn for everyday use, it
was made of cotton with dark background and
lighter colored figures within the pattern.
Cherokee Homes
The Cherokee lived in wattle and daub houses made
by weaving river cane, wood, and vines into a
frame, then coating the frame with plaster. The
roof was either thatched with grass or shingled
with bark.
The Cherokee Household
The house was usually large, because Cherokees
lived with their children, the mother's parents,
and unmarried siblings of the mother. A husband
joined the family of his wife.
Cherokee Government
Cherokee Indians divided power between men and
women. Both men and women took part in music,
storytelling, artwork, and medicine.
The Role of Cherokee Men
  • Cherokee men were in charge of hunting, war, and
  • They were chiefs and made political decisions for
    the tribe.

The Role of Cherokee Women
  • Cherokee women were in charge of farming,
    property, family, and were the landowners.
  • They also made social decisions for the clans.

Transportation by Canoe
Cherokee Indians used to make long dugout canoes
from hollowed-out logs. They used canoes for
transportation as well as fishing.
Transportation by the Travois
  • Over land, the Cherokees used dogs as pack
  • There were no horses in North America until
    colonists brought them over from Europe.

Cherokee Farming
  • Cherokee women grew crops of corn, beans, squash,
    and sunflowers.

Cherokee Hunters
Cherokee men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small
game and fished in the rivers.
Cherokee Gatherers
Cherokee women also gathered berries, nuts and
fruit to eat.
Cherokee Hunting Tools
  • Cherokee hunters used bows and arrows or blowguns
    to shoot game.
  • Fishermen generally used spears and fishing poles.

Cherokee Gathering Tools
Tools used by the Cherokee Indians included stone
hand axes for woodworking, flint knives for
skinning animals, wooden hoes for farming, and
pots and baskets for storing corn.
The Cherokee Nation
  • The Cherokee Nation was one of the most advanced
    Native American tribes in the 1500s. They
    thrived for thousands of years.

Discovery of Gold
After gold was discovered in Georgia in the 1830s
settlers decided they wanted Cherokee lands and
Indian Removals began.
The Trail of Tears
In 1838, thousands of Cherokee men, women and
children were rounded up and marched 1,000 miles
to Oklahoma. Thousands died in the internment
camps, on the trail, and after arrival.
Cherokee Nation, The (1998). The Cherokee Nation
Seal. Retrieved on November 17, 2008 from
http// Coats, C. (2007).
Cherokee Double Woven Basket. Creative Commons
Attribution 2.0. Retrieved on November 22,
2008 from http//
ImageIMAG0006.jpg Hedges, Kathryn. (2007).
Inside the Native American Home. Retrieved on
November 17, 2008 from http//pics.tech4learning
.com/dsc02776.jpg. Kronsell, J. (2000). Statue
of Sequoyah outside the Museum of the
Cherokee Indians, Cherokee, North Carolina. Free
Software Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on
November 18, 2008 from http//commons.wikime
Lindsey, H. (2006). Cherokee-Creek Site. A
modern Cherokee Tear Dress. Retrieved on
November 18, 2008 from http//www.freewebs.c
om/creekandcherokeeinfo Lindneux, R. (1942). The
Trail of Tears. The Granger Collection, New
York Mooney, James. (1992). History, Myths, and
Sacred Formulas of the Cherokees. Asheville.
Bright Mountain Books Inc., Fairview Olesh, D.
(2006). Crazy Horse Monument. Pics4Learning.
Retrieved on November 23, 2008 from
http// Redish, L., and
Lewis, O. (1998). Native American Facts for
Kids. http//
Rubinic, J. (2007). Ecuadorian Rainforest
Blowgun. Creative Commons Attribution 2.0.
Retrieved on November 22, 2008 from
_Rainforest- blowgun.jpg