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The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution Cottage Industry Before the industrial revolution there were no such thing as factories, instead people used there own houses to run a business. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Industrial Revolution


1
The Industrial Revolution
2
Cottage Industry
  • Before the industrial revolution there were no
    such thing as factories, instead people used
    there own houses to run a business. It was called
    the cottage industry.
  • The cottage industry had good and bad points.
  • Good
  • you can stay in your village at home while
    supporting your family, and you get income.
  • Bad
  • anybody could be a weaver or spinner, you didn't
    get paid much and you had to work for hours but
    you didnt get much pay.
  • There were many people selling the same products
    as other people so they sold there products in
    small prices. ( The Law of Supply and Demand)
  • There were only a few people selling rarely sold
    items so a lot of people didnt get paid much.

3
The Factory Age
  • Inventions from the industrial revolutions made
    the cottage industry a lot less popular to the
    consumers.
  • most of the inventions were to big or needed to
    much power that people couldnt get there hands
    on. Ex. The water frame was too large to fit in a
    cottage and couldnt be powered by strength.
  • Factories were built so the machines could have a
    place to work in.
  • Factories affected thousands of people in Britain
    some better, some worse
  • Arkwright was one who benefited from the factory
    system. He built many factories and controlled
    every part of them.
  • The poor were people who didnt benefit from the
    factory system because they didnt get enough pay
    and were exposed to danger and pollution.

4
Child Labor
  • Many of the people who suffered from the factory
    system were children
  • Many kids went into labor because they didnt
    have much choice there families needed everyone
    to be working because they couldnt pay for what
    they needed.
  • It was so convenient because kids didnt need an
    education to work.
  • Children were useful for the jobs with little
    space to work in. Ex. The textile industry, mines
    and chimney cleaning.
  • They could fit into small spaces and had little
    hands so they could do small but tough jobs.
  • They suffered form there home and factory
    environment. They were exposed to pollution from
    the industries such as burning coal fumes and
    fluff from the textile industry.

5
Factory Acts
  • Throughout the eighteenth and the nineteenth
    century many social reformers didnt like how the
    workers lived and tried to change it.
  • But parliament was controlled by the rich and
    powerful and didnt like the thought of it. They
    rejected many thoughts of improving the lot of
    workers.
  • Enough members of parliament didnt like how
    parliament were doing things so they passed the
    Factory Acts
  • The workers benefited from this but the children
    had it the best.
  • 1802 children couldnt work more than twelve
    hours straight in cotton mills.
  • 1819, children under nine were not aloud to work
    in the textile industry but there wasnt anybody
    to inspect to make sure rules were obeyed.
  • In 1824 workers associations became legal.
  • The upper class thought that workers didnt need
    leisure and that they might get bad habits such
    as drinking, and gambling.

6
  • The positive effect of factories is that the
    people made money and products faster.
  • Machines gave people less work and were more
    efficient.
  • Anybody could get a job and people could choose
    there work.
  • The workers pay was awful and they had to work
    for hours.
  • Machines cost people jobs because with a
    machine less people had to work.
  • People were dying or getting sick
  • because they were inhaling poison and working in
    a dangerous environment
  • children were worked really hard
  • factory owners didnt care about there workers
    much.
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