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Overview of Aero-Space Technology Programs

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Rich Christiansen Director, Programs Office of Aero-Space Technology Overview of Aero-Space Technology Programs Phase-out of AST Partnership Implications – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of Aero-Space Technology Programs


1
Overview of Aero-Space Technology Programs
  • Rich Christiansen
  • Director, Programs
  • Office of Aero-Space Technology

Phase-out of AST
Partnership Implications
Termination of HSR
Programs Proposed for FY2000
Institutional Implications
Evolving to an Aero-Space Base
Technology Implications
Formulating the FY2001 Program
2
Market and Policy DriversThe World Since 1990


Lockheed

Boeing McDonnell-
U.S. share
Martin- Marietta

Douglas announce
of civil
announce
merger
US Airline balance sheets in the black
transports
merger
below 70

3
Phasing Out the AST Program
  • Advanced Subsonic Technology (AST)
  • Early initiation (FY94) with some new money
  • High technology markets/boost to economy
  • Aviation industry in downturn
  • Change in Administration Perspectives
  • Driven by Balanced Budget Agreement gtAgency
    budget caps
  • Criticism of affordability objectives and benefit
    to the public (vis manufacturers)

4
AST Phaseout
  • AST
  • Aging A/C
  • Noise Reduction
  • TAP
  • AATT
  • Integrated Wing
  • Propulsion
  • CTR
  • Tech Integration
  • Envir. Assessment
  • Composites
  • General Aviation

FY 97 IAR
  • AST
  • Safety
  • Environment
  • Capacity
  • Economic
  • Affordability

Program Termination
  • AST
  • Safety
  • Environment
  • Reduced Seat Cost
  • ReCAT
  • Aviation Capacity

FY 98 IAR
  • AST
  • Safety
  • Environment
  • General Aviation
  • Reduced Seat Cost

FY 99 IAR
FY 00
  • AST
  • Safety comp. 9/98
  • Environment
  • General Aviation
  • Reduced Seat Cost
  • RT Base
  • Noise red.
  • General Aviation
  • UEET
  • Emissions red.
  • Envir. Asssmnt

ReCAT - Reduced Cost of Air Travel
5
Termination Of HSR Program
  • High Speed Research (HSR)
  • Phase II initiated (FY94) with new money
  • High technology markets/boost to economy
  • Potential to capture billions in market share
  • Change in Business Case for HSCT
  • While significant reductions made in technology
    risk, projected launch date extended additional
    10 years
  • Impetus for Boeing investment at current rate
    curtailed
  • Health of Subsonic Market/No Foreign Competition
  • Change in Administration Perspectives
  • Driven by Balanced Budget Agreement gtAgency
    budget caps
  • Shift in long-term investment priorities (Space)

6
High-Speed Civil TransportTechnical Development
Timeline
1990
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
1995
2025
Decision Points 1. Decision to proceed with the
remainder of Phase IIA (technology
feasibility)
NASA
HSR Phase I
HSR Phase II
HSR Phase IIA Requirements Phase
2. Decision to proceed with an airframe
follow-on Program (propulsion technology
success)
HSR Phase IIA
Propulsion Focus
Propulsion Focus 500M
Propulsion/Airframe Technology Readiness
Airframe Focus
Industry
Preliminary Design and Industry Technology
Development
Propulsion/Airframe Technology Readiness
Engineering/Manufacturing Readiness
Product Development
TERMINATED
7
Institutional Implications
  • Redeployment of workforce
  • Sustain inhouse workforce -gt no RIF
  • Shift from traditional aeronautics activities
  • Attempt to quell erosion of core competencies
  • Significant reduction in contract workforce
  • Potential loss of key facilities
  • Worsens serious backlog in maintenance
  • Threatens additional reduction in operations,
    potential closures
  • Likelihood of rehabilitation/modernization of
    aging facilities more remote

8
Aero-Dollar Expentitures for Research Centers
FY99
58 inhouse
CofF
RD Support
Boeing GE PW
Top Ten Companies Or Alliances By Total
Contract Obligations
RD
RPM
Net RD
9
Aero-Dollar Expentitures for Research Centers
FY00
73 inhouse
CofF
RD Support
Top Ten Companies Or Alliances By Total
Contract Obligations
Boeing,GE,PW
RD
RPM
Net RD
10
Technology Implications
  • Vehicle Technologies
  • Decimates research in traditional performance
    disciplines (aerodynamics, structures
    materials, propulsion)
  • No focus on reduced CO2 emissions

11
Vehicle Technologies Decimated
gt -70
HSR IIA
Environmental and Vehicle Technology
HSR II
12
Technology Implications
  • Vehicle Technologies
  • Decimates research in traditional performance
    disciplines (aerodynamics, structures
    materials, propulsion)
  • No focus on reduced CO2 emissions
  • Atmospheric Research
  • Virtually eliminates focus on aviation effects
  • Marginal influence in on-going science activities

13
Atmospheric Research Impacted
  • FY00 Budget and Revisions
  • Planned Budget Revised Budget
  • AESA 2.3 M 0.5 M (SOLVE campaign)
  • SASS
  • ongoing NRAs 4.7 M 3.5 M
  • field mission 2.6 M 0
  • Total 9.6 M 4.0 M

14
Technology Implications
  • Vehicle Technologies
  • Decimates research in traditional performance
    disciplines (aerodynamics, structures
    materials, propulsion)
  • No focus on reduced CO2 emissions
  • Atmospheric Research
  • Virtually eliminates focus on aviation effects
  • Marginal influence in on-going science activities
  • Noise Reduction
  • No significant research beyond FY2002

15
Partnership Implications
  • FAA/EPA
  • Deep concern due to reliance on NASAs ability to
    support their research and analyses
  • US leadership in International policy at risk
  • DoD
  • Loss of available National expertise for
    problem-solving in developmental or operational
    systems
  • Loss of key long-term, high risk vehicle
    propulsion RD
  • Industry
  • Sustaining sufficient engineering expertise for
    future development programs
  • Potential for lengthening gaps in technology
    transfer
  • Universities

16
Programs Proposed for FY2000
  • Ultra Efficient Engine Technology
  • New Focused Program
  • Sustains inhouse aeropropulsion core competencies
  • Preserves some facilities operations
  • Continues research momentum on reduced NOX
  • No Noise Reduction
  • Falls short on system validation and user
    involvement

17
UEET Augments Remaining Vehicle Technology
Investment
FY99 runout level W/HSR
FY00 runout level W/UEET
Environmental and Vehicle Technology
UEET
18
Programs Proposed for FY2000
  • Synthetic Vision Project
  • Augmenting Aviation Safety Program
  • Sustains basic Flight Deck research from HSR
  • Increases number of concepts selected under
    previous NRA
  • Accelerates technology validation
  • Added research support for certification

19
Evolving to an Aero-Space Base
  • Everyone has demanded it
  • Administrator, Administration (OMB), Congress
  • Not just moving money from one pot to another
  • Not just more hypersonics
  • Its drawing on the technical and managerial
    experience from decades of basic and applied
    research in Aeronautics
  • Sustains and augments basic research aimed
    towards Agency priorities

20
Integrating Aero Space RT
21
Airframe Systems Base Transition to Aero-Space
Primary
Secondary
Support
22
Revolutionary Concepts (RevCon)
  • Revitalizes advanced concept studies within
    context of Goals
  • Competitive solicitations drawn from entire
    community with cost-sharing as a key multiplier
  • Identify innovations early
  • Accelerate development and inserts reality of
    flight
  • Adds excitement to the overall program

23
Formulating the FY2001 Program
  • Tactical considerations for gaining ground on
    strategic goal roadmaps
  • Noise Emissions
  • Friendly Skies Initiative --gt a planning
    framework for multiple programs/projects
  • Success will be highly dependant on
    Administrations view of criticality and need for
    a National Policy (local air quality noise) and
    for US Leadership in International Policy (Global
    Warming)
  • Best opportunity to revitalize traditional
    disciplinary work
  • Only opportunity to sustain noise reduction or
    contrails research beyond FY2001
  • Substantial involvement of industry, FAA, and
    others
  • Also, move closer to DoD for support with
    propulsion and their growing noise and NOX issues

24
Potential Contributions Toward Emissions Goals
and Related Programs
Innovative Airframe CO2 reduction technology
development can also improve total NOX reduction
25 Year NOX Goal
Emissions Percent Reduction
25 Year CO2 Goal
UEET Program
Mini Friendly Skies
Full-Up Friendly Skies
Current AST Emissions Program (NOX Only)
25
POTENTIAL REDUCTION IN CO2 EMISSIONS
26
Potential Reduction in Noise
5 dB AST
5 dB
3 dB source
2 dB Ops
Operations
8 dB
Fan
Airframe Noise
Core
Flap
Exhaust
Slat
Liners
Gear
PAI
Weight
Aerodynamics
Precision trajectories
Operations
4 dB
Prec. ground tracks
Impact/Effects
27
Formulating the FY2001 Program
  • Tactical considerations for gaining ground on
    strategic goal roadmaps
  • Safety General Aviation (Doorstep to
    destination, safely)
  • Safe, Small Aircraft Transportation System
    (SSATS) Initiative (also, Highway in the Sky
    (HITS) --gt a planning framework for multiple
    programs/projects
  • Recent public attention given to the safety side
    of General Avaition provides a favorable
    environment for advocacy
  • DOT/FAA and States driven by public accessibility
    to air travel and economic benefits of improved
    access
  • Builds on AGATE experience, extending advanced
    vehicle technologies and beginning emphasis on
    infrastructure

28
Policy, Technology Partnership Lessons
  • Policy Lessons
  • Long development programs are inherently unstable
  • The consolidation of Aeronautics industry will
    remain a challenging counter-argument against
    NASA
  • The more controversial and complex a program is,
    the more difficult it is to sustain support
  • Technology Lessons
  • Hard jobs stimulate breakthrough technologies
  • Technology development benefits from focused
    requirement
  • Spin-off technologies (i.e., multiple use) has to
    be a criteria early in the requirements phase
  • Partnership Lessons
  • Markets drive business decisions --gt expect
    industry commitments to change over time
  • Other government agencies are subject to policy
    changes, as well as NASA --gt and not necessarily
    uniform

29
Summary
  • Safety
  • Short
  • Snappy
  • Synergy
  • Support

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