SOMATOFORM DISORDERS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SOMATOFORM DISORDERS

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SOMATOFORM DISORDERS Psychosomatic Generally – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOMATOFORM DISORDERS


1
SOMATOFORM DISORDERS
2
Psychosomatic
  • Generally lt 30 yrs.
  • physical complaints for which medical testing can
    find no cause
  • Pain rltd to head, abdomen, chest, back, jts.
  • Dysfunction urinary, sexual
  • Two gastrointestinal symptoms other than pain
    (nausea, vomiting, food intolerance)
  • Amnesia, loss of consciousness

3
Somatoform Disorders-Psychomatic
  • Described in exaggerated terms by patient
  • Historically inaccurate (daily difference)
  • Not rltd to physical aging
  • May be accompanied by anxiety, depression,
    rltnshp problems
  • ltworms in head, ants crawling under skingt

4
Conversion Disorder
  • Voluntary motion or sensory motor problems
  • Done for avoidance or attention

5
Pain Disorder
  • Psychosomatic any age
  • Acute lt 6 mts.
  • Chronic gt 6 mts.
  • Pain killer dependence
  • Social isolation gt further problems associated w/
    mood anxiety disorders

6
Hypochondriasis
  • Preoccupation with fear of having a serious
    disease

7
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Preoccupation with a defect in appearance
  • May try to cover up a defect

8
TREATMENTS
  • ADLERIAN therapist will gather family history
    use it to set goals for the client to get an idea
    of clients past performance goal is to
    challenge/encourage patients premises/goals and
    encourage useful society goals to help patient
    feel equal to others

9
THERAPY
  • Behavioral - behaviors are lrnd patient is
    product of environment. Abnormal behaviors are
    direct result of defective lrng treatment plan
    to eliminate unwanted behaviors by learning new
    ones

10
Therapy
  • Existential focuses on the present future
    help client to see freedom to choose the future
    by making good choices
  • Gestalt integrate behaving, feeling, thinking
    to recognize how earlier life influences may have
    changed patients lifechallenge the client to
    accept the responsibility of taking care of
    himself rather than expecting others to do so

11
Therapy
  • Person-Centered (Rogers) gives more
    responsibility to the client in their own
    treatment view of human nature client should
    move toward self awareness by focusing on the
    here now. Believes the problem lies in the
    difference btwn what we are and what we wish to
    be, which creates maladjusted behavior

12
Therapy
  • Psychoanalytic (Freud/Jung) person is driven by
    aggressive/sexual impulses focus is on first 6
    yrs of life repressed conflicts from childhood
  • Cognitive-Behavioral patients problems rooted
    in childhood belief system therapy will include
    solving emotional problems by eliminating
    self-defeating outlooks

13
Therapy
  • Reality teaches the client ways to control the
    world around them and how to meet their personal
    needs helps the client evaluate behaviors and
    feelings
  • Transactional Analysis evaluates past decisions
    how those decisions affect the present life
    self-defeating behaviors feelings can be
    overcome by an awareness of them. Client is
    Parent, Adult, and Child
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