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Sentence variety

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Sentence variety Clause: A group of words containing both a subject and a verb. Independent clause: A group of words containing both a subject and a verb, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sentence variety


1
Sentence variety
2
Clause
  • A group of words containing both a subject and a
    verb.

3
Independent clause
  • A group of words containing both a subject and a
    verb, and conveying a complete thought.
  • Example
  • Hippos live in west Africa.

4
Subordinate (or dependent) clause
  • A group of words containing both a subject and a
    verb, but not conveying a complete thought.
  • Example
  • Although hippos live in west Africa,

5
Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Subordinating conjunctions distinguish
    independent from subordinate clauses.
  • after how although if unless
  • as inasmuch until as if in order
  • that when as long as lest whenever
  • as much as now that where as soon as
  • provided (that) wherever as though since
    while
  • because so that before than
  • even if that even though though

6
Simple sentences
  • One independent clause
  • Examples
  • The lion lounged
  • The lion lounged languidly
  • The lion lounged languidly beneath the
    luma-luma tree.

7
Compound sentences
  • Composed of two or more independent clauses.
  • Examples
  • The lion lounged, and the hippo hid.
  • The hippo hid deep in the river he did not
    enjoy the mid-day sun.

8
Complex sentences
  • Composed of at least one independent, and at
    least one subordinate clause.
  • Examples
  • When hippos hide from the mid-day sun, they
    dream of peanut butter.
  • Because the lion lounged, he did not notice the
    fat gazelle.

9
Compound-complex
  • Composed of at least two independent, and at
    least one subordinate clause.
  • Examples
  • While the hippo was hiding, the lion woke up he
    sniffed the air for gazelle meat.
  • When the gazelle heard the lion coming, he
    smiled, and he put on his hippo disguise.

10
Identify these examples
  • The gazelle was fat because he ate lots of peanut
    butter.
  • Fat gazelles walk slowly.
  • When he is awake, it is easy for a lion to catch
    and kill a fat gazelle.

11
More examples
  • Lions do not eat hippos they prefer lean meat.
  • Hippo meat is fattening, and it is less
    nutritious than peanut butter.
  • While wearing a hippo costume, a gazelle is hard
    to find, and a lion who can find a hidden gazelle
    is in for quite a treat.

12
Write two examples of each
  • Simple sentence
  • Compound sentence
  • Complex sentence
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