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Native American Communication

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Title: Puritan Literature Author: tim.harris Last modified by: btylerbarton Created Date: 8/21/2008 7:45:22 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Native American Communication


1
Native American Communication
  • August 12, 2009

2
Before the Europeans
  • Numerous groups of native tribes living
    throughout North America
  • The largest tribe was the Aztec Empire (in what
    is now Mexico) numbering in the millions!
  • Europeans began arriving in the 1490s.

3
Native American Communication
  • The Native Americans passed down stories through
    storytelling (also known as
  • word of mouth or the oral tradition).

4
Other forms of communication
  • While Native Americans did not have a
    sophisticated system of writing, many tribes used
    symbolic drawings known as pictographs to
    communicate stories as well.

5
Native American Communication
  • Two main forms of communication
  • Storytelling
  • the oral tradition
  • Each tribe has a storyteller
  • Stories are passed down from generation to
    generation
  • Pictographs
  • Drawings
  • Often found in caves, on trees, or on animal hides

6
Topics in Native American Tales
  • The Cycle
  • The Cycle
  • The early Native Americans believed in the
    cyclical nature of existence.
  • Examples
  • Nature
  • Life

7
Other Details about Native American Communication
  • practical information about nature
  • moral lessons
  • both animal and human characters
  • stories/chants/actions could be powerful and make
    things happen (rain, harvest, successful hunt)
  • ARCHETYPES!

8
Whats an archetype?
  • An archetype is a repeated pattern.
  • An archetype could be a character, a plot, or an
    image.
  • Characters
  • Evil villain
  • Helpless victim
  • The goofball
  • The hero
  • Plots
  • Boy gets girl
  • Hero defeats villain
  • The underdog finally wins
  • Images
  • Nature as Mother (Mother Nature)
  • Tree giver of life
  • City Promised Land

9
Two European Views
  • William Bradford
  • Cabeza de Vaca
  • A settler from England
  • Landed near what is now Massachusetts
  • Wrote about his experiences in a book called Of
    Plymouth Plantation
  • An explorer from Spain
  • Explored the west coast of Florida
  • Wrote about his adventures in a book called La
    relacion

10
Puritan Literature
  • Presented this 22 day of August in
    Puritan-appropriate black and white.
  • Please do not enjoy.

11
Puritans
  • Originated in England
  • Sought to purify the Church of England
  • Persecuted in England because of their strident
    beliefs
  • Fled England and initially relocated in Holland

12
DUTCHIFICATION!
  • It is generally believed that the Puritans fled
    Holland because they feared the gradual
    Dutchification of their children.

13
Some Puritan Terms
  • Theocracy government based on the word of God
  • Puritan Paradox fled England to escape
    persecution, yet proceeded to persecute others in
    the New World
  • Original Sin the belief that every human is
    born in sin and therefore all humans are innately
    sinful
  • Predestination the belief that God saves only a
    chosen few The Elect you strive to live a
    decent, sin-free life in order to insure your
    place in heaven should you be among The Elect
  • Saved by Grace

14
Core Puritan Values (not necessarily bad)
  • Hard work
  • Simplicity in all aspects of life (dress,
    behavior, speech)
  • Self-reliance
  • Education (Puritans established Harvard College
    in 1636)

15
TRAITS OF WRITING
  • 1. Simple
  •  
  • 2. Often religious (Biblically based)
  •  
  • 3. Very few figures of speech/literary devices
    (metaphors, flowery language)
  • Examples --journals
  • --poems
  • --sermons
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