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Consultation Workshop


PCD Impact Assessment on Food Security in Tanzania Consultation Workshop Module 2 Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF) & European Centre for Development ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Consultation Workshop

PCD Impact Assessment on Food Security in Tanzania
  • Consultation Workshop
  • Module 2
  • Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF)
  • European Centre for Development Policy
    Management ECDPM,
  • 17 September 2014
  • Dar Es Salaam

On the menu today
  • I. Introducing the PCD IA pilot in Tanzania
    rationale and history, scope and objectives
  • -Coffee break-
  • II. Module 2 the Tanzania Food Security Profile
  • Rationale
  • State of food and nutrition security
  • Food security System
  • The agro-food sector characteristics and
  • The agricultural trade profile
  • The policy framework
  • III. Outstanding issues and identifying relevant
    OECD policies

I. Introducing the PCD Impact Assessment on food
security in Tanzania
Policy coherence for development (PCD)
  • The Rationale
  • Domestic policies of OECD member countries (e.g.
    agriculture, trade, investment, science,
    migration) can have a spill-over impact on
    developing countries,
  • that impact is not necessarily coherent with
    the objectives formulated under the policy for
    development cooperation of that OECD country

PCD is a conceptual tool aimed at addressing such
incoherencies to the benefit of development
objectives, e.g. food security
For example
Source OECD, 2014.
Prevalent definitions PCD
EU The EU seeks to minimise contradictions and
to build synergies between policies other than
development cooperation that have an impact on
developing countries, for the benefit of overseas
OECD The pursuit of development objectives
through the systematic promotion of mutually
reinforcing policy actions on the part of both
OECD and development countries.
  • Two-fold implication do no harm and beyond
  • Make sure all policies are development-friendly
  • Ensure the proactive promotion of development
    objectives in other policies exploit synergies

Prevalent definitions PCD ?
  • Diverging interpretations and use of the concept
    of PCD.
  • PCD IS NOT (only)
  • Coordination with other policies
  • Harmonization with other donors
  • Adjustment of development policy to other
    policies (it is PC for Development)

Measuring PCD one of the key PCD building
  • OECD, EU and Member States have strong
    commitments to enforce PCD, frontrunners include
    NL, SE, FIN, DK
  • 2008 OECD Ministerial declaration confirmed
    commitment to promote PCD, incl. measuring the
    effects of OECD members policies on
    international development objectives.
  • EU 2012 Council Conclusions on PCD ask for
  • a more evidence-based approach, to further
    improve monitoring, implementation and follow-up.
    Relevant baselines, indicators and targets should
    also be developed including for measuring the
    impact of PCD in a way which demonstrates clear
    development results.

Different ways to monitor PCD
  • Ex-ante check lists and impact assessments of
    OECD member countries policy proposals
  • Ex-post assessments of OECD policy impact at

This is where this research project comes in
The project how did we get here?
  • 2012 OECD asked ECDPM to develop
  • a methodology for country-level impact
    assessments of PCD on food security
  • July 2013 presentation of a draft toward a
  • Now two pilot projects to apply, test and
    fine-tune this methodology in
  • Tanzania (FIN OECD)
  • Burkina Fasso (SWISS OECD)

  • General objective to develop a methodology for
    identifying and assessing the impacts (/-) of
    OECD policies on food security in individual
    developing countries
  • Specific objectives
  • Help OECD DAC members in pursuing their PCD
    policy objectives through providing evidence for
    policy change domestically and for programme
    design at country level(e.g. more information to
    address trade-offs between internal goals
    negative externalities on developing countries)
  • Enable partner countries and civil society to
    advocate for improved PCD and to address the
    impacts of incoherencies.

The Methodology how does it look like?
  • 5 key principles
  • i) stakeholder involvement ii) deductive
    reasoning iii) disaggregation of impact iv)
    mixed methods.
  • For a variety of audiences and users public good
  • Meant to be done relatively quickly and with
    limited resources.
  • Modular and flexible. No straightjacket that
    researchers have to follow to the letter.
  • Designed to pick up on the effects of public
  • While acknowledging the effects of other external
    factors beyond the scope of this study (e.g.
    Climate Change)

A modular, step-by-step approach
1. Getting started considerations and decisions
before launching the exercise
2. The country food security profile the FS
system, determinants and FS situation
3. Establish a route of impact causal linkages
with OECD policies
4. In-country contextualisation and verification
of causal linkages gt response strategies
5. Communication strategy and follow up
Module 1 Getting started
  • Very straightforward key factors to consider
    before starting the assessment
  • What country/ group of countries?
  • Country buy in/ local partners.
  • Team composition.

Module 2 Country food security profile
Output indicators
OECD Policies
Other factors (e.g. other policies, Climate
Module 3 Verifying causal linkages
  • The idea is to take the potentially relevant OECD
    policies, identified in module 2, and to draw
    linkages on paper of how the impact would be
  • Main aim of the module is to make the IA solid
    from a theoretical point of view
  • Relatively straightforward for some effects (e.g.
    tariffs), very complicated for others (e.g.
    agricultural subsidies and price transmission).

Module 4 In-country research
  • Verify theory through field research
  • Three aims
  • Contextualize and further explore the theoretical
    causal chains developed in module 3
  • Formulate conclusions.
  • Define response strategy options.
  • - for OECD country policies.
  • - for adaptation/advocacy strategies by local

Module 5 communication
  • Messages will differ depending on the targeted
    audience (NGOs, in country embassies, partner
    govnts, etc).
  • Communication Plan should formulate
  • -What information is relevant to which
    stakeholder audience
  • How to best approach which audience, through
    which communication channels

So, where does this workshop come in?
  • Stakeholder involvement is one of the 5
    overarching principles of the methodology
  • Not an (exclusively) desk-based project
  • Should be a process as much as a study.
  • Inclusive, consultative process per module to
    enhance chances of follow-up.
  • Today
  • We present the methodology,
  • discuss initial findings of Module 2
  • and pick your brains on what could be the
    potentially relevant OECD policy externalities
    for analysis in Module 3.