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TRADITIONAL PRACTIONERS

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Title: TRADITIONAL PRACTIONERS


1
TRADITIONAL SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE IN
BANGLADESH BY JASIM UDDIN CHOWDHURY BANGLADESH
COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
(BCSIR) LABORATORIES, CHITTAGONG-4220, BANGLADESH
2
Area-147570 Sq.Km. Population- 140 m Tribals- 27
CHT- 13 Chakma, Marma Area-1.32 m
hect. Peoples- 12 m Northern Dist - 7
Santal
3
TRADITIONAL PRACTIONERS
  • Ayurvedic Unani
  • Recognized- 6000
  • Institutionally Trained 1000
  • Unregistered 10000
  • Homeopathic
  • Registered 25000
  • Unregistered 20000
  • Modern practitioners
  • (Prescribe TM) 500
  • Traditional/Folk remedies

4
Traditional Drug Producers
  • Ayurvedic 161
  • Unani 261
  • Homeopathic 76
  • Others (Street vendors) 100

5
Institutes of Traditional Medicine
  • Homeopathic Medical Colleges 32 1000
  • Unani Medical Colleges 10 60
  • Ayurvedic Medical Colleges 6 30
  • Govt. Unani Ayurvedic
  • Degree College 1 100
  • Govt. Tibbia College 1 25

6
Major Producers
  • Hamdard Laboratories 133
  • Sadhana Ousadhaloy 150
  • Shakti Ousadhaloy 138
  • Ayurvedic Pharma Ltd. 135
  • Human Drugs Ltd 28
  • National Pharma 16
  • Kundeswari 48
  • Mujaher 39

7
Major Medicinal Plants
  • Adhatoda vasica Holarrhena
    antidysenterica
  • Aegle marmelos Mentha spicata
  • Aloe indica Nigella sativa
  • Azadirachta indica Paederia
    foetida
  • Cassia senna Saraca
    indica
  • Cinnamomum verum Tamarindus indica
  • Curcuma longa Terminalia
    arjuna
  • Gmelina arborea T. belerica
  • Hemidesmus indicus T. chebula

8
Selected Plants for some diseases
  • Constipation Indigestion
  • Aegle marmelos Carica papaya
  • Plantago ovata Paederia foetida
  • Cassia senna Zingiber officinale
  • Carica papaya Centella asiatica
  • Terminalia chebula

9
Contd...
  • Parasitic infections
  • Ananas sativus
  • Azadirachta indica
  • Curcuma longa
  • Embelia ribes
  • Glycosmis arborea
  • Terminalia chebula
  • Piles
  • Terminalia chebula
  • Aloe indica
  • Cassia fistula
  • Carica papaya

10
Contd...
  • Scabies
  • Azadirachta indica
  • Lawsonia inermis
  • Cassia alata
  • Curcuma longa
  • Mesua ferrea
  • Polygonum hydropiper
  • Diabetes
  • Cephalandra indica
  • Momordica charantia
  • Scoparia dulcis
  • Allium sativum
  • Catharenthus roseus
  • Lagerstroemia speciosa

11
Contd...
  • Teeth Gum Diseases
  • Azadirachta indica
  • Murraya koenigii
  • Psidium guajava
  • Syzigium aromaticum
  • Urinary problems
  • Aloe indica
  • Kalanchoe pinnata
  • Tinospora cordifolia
  • Tribulus terrestris

12
Contd...
  • Dysentery/Diarrhoea
  • Aegle marmelos
  • Centella asiatica
  • Euphorbia hirta
  • Holarrhena antidysenterica
  • Punuca granatum
  • Kalanchoe pinnata
  • Cough/Cold/Bronchitis
  • Adhatoda vasica
  • Ocimum sanctum
  • Citruses
  • Acorus calamus
  • Zingiber officinale
  • Tylophora indica
  • Euphorbia hirta

13
Contd...
  • Cardiac problems
  • Allium sativum
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • Nerium indicum
  • Thevetia neriifolia
  • Urginea indica
  • Hair tonics
  • Wedelia chinensis
  • Foeniculum vulgare
  • Lawsonia inermis
  • Emblica officinalis
  • Vitex negundo
  • Allium cepa

14
Major Animals used
  • Ill Fishes Arthritis/Rheumatism
  • Jackels meat ,, ,,
  • Cockroach Asthma
  • Pigeon Tonic
  • Fish/Chicken Vitality
  • Lizard oil Rheumatism
  • Animal skin Epilepsy

15
Major Animals used
  • Sheep's milk Tonic
  • Pure Ghee Carbuncles/boils
  • Honey Preventive/Cough,cold
  • Sparrow Aphrodisiac

16
Major minerals/metals used
  • Rock salt as ingredient/digestive
  • Lime stone Scorpion sting
  • Copper sulphate Antifungal
  • Common salt ORS
  • Potassium nitrite as Ingredient
  • Laundry soap Gastric pain
  • Sulphur Skin diseases

17
Traditional Medicine Resource
  • Crude Drug market
  • Wild habitat
  • --Forest floor
  • --Homestead Fellow land
  • Cultivation
  • Import

18
Abundantly available Plants
  • Acalypha indica
  • Achyranthes aspera
  • Adhatoda vasica
  • Aegle marmelos
  • Allium sativum
  • Alstonia scholaris
  • Ananas sativus
  • Azadirachta indica
  • Calotropis gigantea
  • Carica papaya
  • Cassia alata
  • Cassia fistula
  • Centella asiatica
  • Cephalandra indica
  • Coriandrum sativum
  • Curcuma longa
  • Cyperus rotundus
  • Eclipta alba
  • Emblica officinalis
  • Euphorbia hirta

19
Contd.
  • Mentha spicata
  • Mikania cordata
  • Mimosa pudica
  • Momordica charantia
  • Moringa oleifera
  • Ocimum sanctum
  • Paederia foetida
  • Phyllanthus niruri
  • Piper betel
  • Psidium guajava
  • Scoparia dulcis
  • Solanum xanthocarpum
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • T. chebula
  • Vitex negundo
  • Zingiber officinale

20
Rare Threatened Medicinal Plants
  • Abroma augusta
  • Abrus precatorius
  • Acorus calamus
  • Andrographis paniculata
  • Boerhavia diffusa
  • Dioscorea prazeri
  • Gloriosa superba
  • Hemidesmus indicus
  • Hydnocarpus kurzii
  • Kaempferia galanga
  • Kaempferia rotunda
  • Ocimum gratisimum
  • O. basilicum
  • Plumbago indica
  • P. zeylanica
  • Rawolfia serpentina
  • Tinospora cordifolia
  • Zingiber purpureum

21
Medicinal Plants Exported
  • Abroma augusta
  • Adhatoda vasica
  • Andrographis paniculata
  • Cyperus rotundus
  • Emblica officinalis
  • Mimosa pudica
  • Saraca indica
  • Taractogenous kurzii
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • T. belerica
  • T. chebula
  • Zingiber officinale

22
Medicinal Plants Imported
  • Acacia arabica
  • Acorus calamus
  • Aloe vera
  • Anethum graveolens
  • Asparagus racemosuss
  • Atropa belladona
  • Berberis vulgaris
  • Cassia senna
  • Cinnamomum verum
  • C. tamala
  • Cuminum cyminum
  • Elettaria cardamomum
  • Ferula asafoetida
  • Glycerrhiza glabra
  • Hydnocarpus kurzii
  • Juglans regia
  • Mesua ferrea
  • Myrstica fragrans

23
Imported Plants
  • Ocimum basilicum
  • Pimpinella anisum
  • Piper nigrum
  • P. longim
  • Pluntago ovata
  • Rawolfia serpentina
  • Rosa damascena
  • Santalum album
  • Solanum nigrum
  • Strychnos nux-vomica Swertia chirata
  • Syzigium aromaticum
  • Tribulus terrestris
  • Withania somnifera

24
R D Institutes
25
Contd.
26
Contd.
27
Major Achievements
  • Amlaki syrup from Emblica officinalis
  • Tea-cola from tea wastes
  • Bel ORS from green Aegle marmelos
  • Scopolamine hydrochloride from Datura fastusa
  • Diosgenin from Costus speciosus
  • Oil from Mentha arvensis

28
Contd.
  • Menthol crystal from M. arvensis oil
  • Neem tooth powder, paste, soap from Azadirachta
    indica
  • Hair tonic from indigenous plants
  • Basak Tea from Adhatoda vasica
  • Antifungal fraction from plant
  • Selection of active Antidiabetic plant

29
POLICIES AND MEASURES BY DIRECTORATE OF DRUG
ADMINISTRATION, HEALTH MINISTRY
  • Drug Evaluation
  • Adverse reactions
  • Supply management
  • Quality assurance
  • Packing labeling
  • Control of advertisement
  • Penalty for manufacturing sale of substandard
    drugs
  • Penalty for unauthorized import
  • Penalty for unperomited production.

30
NODAL AGENCY
31
FUNCTIONS OF NODAL AGENCY
Establishment of Website Collection of
Traditional information's Market survey of
Traditional Medicines Documentation of
Traditional knowledge Budget preparation
creation of budget provision Formation of an
Expert committee Arrangement of seminars and
workshops
32
Requirements of Technologies
  • Establishment of Hospitals with the Institutes
    dealt with traditional medicine
  • Documentation of traditional knowledge
  • Improvement standardization of traditional
    products
  • Training of traditional practitioners
  • Establishment of clinical trial system

33
Requirements of Technologies
  • Checking of abuse/misuse of traditional medicines
    caused by street vendors
  • Information communication technology
  • International cooperation
  • Formulation technology
  • Analytical facilities etc.

34
BCSIR LABORATORIES, CHITTAGONG
THANKS
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