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The Election of 1860

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The Election of 1860 ... Stephen A. Douglas was the first presidential ... nominating John Bell of Tennessee for president over Governor Sam Houston of Texas on ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Election of 1860


1
The Election of 1860
2
Why does this election matter?
  • The United States presidential election of 1860
    set the stage for the American Civil War. The
    nation had been divided throughout most of the
    1850s. What were these issues?
  • In 1860 these issues finally came to a head,
  • fracturing the formerly dominant Democratic
  • Party into Southern and Northern factions
    and
  • bringing Abraham Lincoln and the Republican
  • Party to power without the support of a
    single
  • Southern state.
  • The immediate result of Lincoln's victory was
    declarations of secession by South Carolina and
    other states, which were rejected as illegal by
    the then-current President, James Buchanan and
    President-elect Abraham Lincoln.

3
Meet the Candidates
Abraham Lincoln Republican Illinois
  • John C. Breckinridge
  • Southern Democrat
  • Kentucky

Stephen Douglas Northern Democrat Tennessee
  • John Bell
  • Constitutional Union
  • Tennessee

4
The Campaign
  • The contest in the North was between Lincoln and
    Douglas, but only Douglas took to the stump and
    gave speeches and interviews. In the South, John
    C. Breckinridge and John Bell were the main
    rivals, but Douglas had an important presence in
    southern cities, especially among Irish
    Americans.
  • Stephen A. Douglas was the first presidential
  • candidate in history to undertake a
    nationwide
  • speaking tour. He traveled to the South where
  • he did not expect to win many electoral
    votes,
  • but he spoke for the maintenance of the
    Union.

5
Lincolns Campaign
  • There was little effort to convert
    non-Republicans, and there was virtually no
    campaigning in the South except for a few border
    cities such as St. Louis, Missouri, and Wheeling,
    Virginia indeed, the party did not even run a
    slate in most of the South.
  • In the North, there were thousands of Republican
    speakers, tons of campaign posters and leaflets,
    and thousands of newspaper editorials. These
    focused first on the party platform, and second
    on Lincoln's life story, making the most of his
    boyhood poverty, his pioneer background, his
    native genius, and his rise from obscurity.
  • His nicknames, "Honest Abe" and "the
    Rail-Splitter," were exploited to the full. The
    goal was to emphasize the superior power of "free
    labor," whereby a common farm boy could work his
    way to the top by his own efforts
  • How was this campaign tactic similar to the most
    recent election?

6
The Results
  • The election was held on November 6. Lincoln won
    an electoral majority without an absolute
    majority of total popular votes. While Lincoln
    captured less than 40 of the popular vote, the
    divisions of the nation allowed him to capture 17
    states plus four electoral votes in New Jersey,
    for a total of 180 electoral votes.
  • The exaggerated sectionalism of the vote is
    evident, as Lincoln was not even on the ballot in
    nine Southern states - and won only two of 996
    counties in the entire South.
  • In the six states still permitting slavery where
    he was on the ballot, he came in fourth in every
    state except Delaware
  • The voter turnout rate in 1860 was the
    second-highest on record (81.2, second only to
    1876, with 81.8).
  • When else in history has a president won an
    electoral majority without an absolute majority
    of popular votes?

7
Electoral Map
8
In your notesheet.
  • Who were the main candidates?
  • Who won the election?
  • What will Lincolns election as president do to
    the nation?

9
Lincoln is President-Elect
  • Now what happens?

10
NOVEMBER 6, 1860 Lincoln elected president
11
December 20, 1860 South Carolina secedes
12
January 9, 1861 Mississippi secedes
13
January 10, 1861 Florida secedes
14
January 11, 1861 Alabama secedes
15
January 19, 1861 Georgia secedes
16
January 26, 1861 Louisiana secedes
17
February 1, 1861 Texas secedes
18
February 4, 1861 Southern states meet in
Birmingham, Alabama
19
February 8, 1861 Confederate Constitution adopted
20
February 9, 1861 Jefferson Davis becomes
President of the Confederacy
21
March 4, 1861 Lincoln inaugurated
22
April 12, 1861 Ft. Sumter fired upon
23
April 17, 1861 Virginia secedes
24
May 6, 1861 Arkansas secedes
25
May 6, 1861 Tennessee secedes
26
May 21, 1861 North Carolina secedes
27
June, 1861 Four slave states vote to stay in the
union
28
June, 1861 West Virginia is formed
29
August 16, 1861 Lincoln prohibits trade with CSA
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