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The Texas Revolution

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President Santa Anna and 6,000 Mexican ... Stephen F. Austin James Fannin Sam Houston Ben Milam If Bowie had decided ... Texas artillery held the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Texas Revolution


1
  • The Texas Revolution

2
  • Battle of Gonzales
  • First Shots of the Revolution
  • A Mexican officer ordered the citizens of
    Gonzales to hand over a brass cannon, but they
    refused.
  • The settlers buried the cannon and called for
    reinforcements that reached 140 men.
  • The settlers dug up their cannon, mounted it on a
    wagon, and placed a flag on it that
    read Come and Take It
  • On October 2, 1835 the citizens of Gonzales
    attacked a force of 100 Mexican soldiers and
    forced them to leave for San Antonio.

3
Time to access ourselves
  • What does the flag at the battle of Gonzales say?
  • Ready to fight
  • Dont mess with Texas
  • Come and take it
  • Viva de Mexico

Why do you think the Texans put the above slogan
on the cannon?
4
Time to assess ourselves
  • Gonzales volunteers voted this person as their
    general.
  • Edward Burleson
  • Deaf Smith
  • Stephen F. Austin
  • Jim Bowie

5
  • Texas Military

6
  • SANTA ANNA
  • Meanwhile
  • President Santa Anna and 6,000
  • Mexican soldiers marched north
  • towards TX, bent on revenge
  • He thought that he could
  • make the Texans obey the
  • Mexican government.

To be continued..
7
  • William B. Travis was put in
  • command of the Alamo in
  • February 1836
  • Jim Bowie argued with Travis over
  • control of the troops, but finally
  • agreed to share command with him

Davy Crockett arrived later with his men
8
Assessment time
  • Who was named commander-in -chief of the Texas
    Army?
  • Stephen F. Austin
  • James Fannin
  • Sam Houston
  • Ben Milam

If Bowie had decided to destroy the Alamo as
ordered, how would the Texas Revolution been
different?
9
  • Santa Anna ordered the surrender of the Alamo and
    the defenders, but the Texans replied with a
    canon shot fired back at him.
  • In response, Santa Anna raised a red flag that
    told the Texans that he would take no prisoners
    and leave no survivors.

10
  • On February 24, 1836 Santa Anna ordered his
  • forces to begin firing on the Alamo.
  • Jim Bowie had been ill, and collapsed on the
  • second day of Santa Annas siege. Travis then
  • took over full command of the Alamo.

11
  • On March 6, 1836, Santa Anna launched his
  • assault on the Alamo after 13 days of siege.
  • Texas artillery held the advancing Mexicans off
  • briefly, but they regrouped and eventually
  • overwhelmed the Alamo defenders and poured
  • into the mission by the hundreds

12
  • After a few hours, all the 182 defenders
  • and 600 Mexicans were dead.
  • Santa Anna only
  • spared the women,
  • children, and a slave
  • named
  • Joe.
  • Santa Anna felt that the defeat of the Alamo
  • would end the Texas Revolution, but it only
  • convinced the Texans to fight harder.

13
Assessment Time
Why did Santa Anna order his troops to take no
prisoners? A. He wanted to make a point B. He
thought the massacre would end the Texas
Revolution C. He already gave the Texans a
chance to surrender D. All of the above
Did the massacre at the Alamo scare any of the
Texans away from fighting? What do you think the
massacre did for the Texans morale?
14
Today Texans celebrate Texas Independence Day
March 2, 1836
15
Goliad Massacre
General Urrea was moving up the coastline and
defeated many Texan troops on his march to
Refugio and Goliad.
16
Fannin decided to wait for his troops in Refugio
to return before obeying Houston, but those
soldiers had been either killed or captured by
General Urrea
Fannin and Urrea finally met at the battle of
Coleto, where Fannin was wounded.
17
The morning after the battle started, General
Urrea received several hundred more soldiers,
and Fannin decided to surrender.
18
The Texan prisoners were marched back to Goliad
where they stayed for a week.
19
General Urrea wanted to keep them as prisoners
of war, but Santa Anna ordered him to execute
them all.
Grave of Fannin and his men
20
Battle of San Jacinto
After gathering supplies and training his troops
during the Runaway Scrape, Houston marched his
troops down Buffalo Bayou towards Santa Annas
camp.
Houston found that Santa Anna camped out in the
open in a vulnerable spot, and camped his men in
a spot that was partially hidden in a grove of
trees
21
Before the battle, Houston sent Deaf Smith on a
special mission to destroy the bridge at
Vince's Bayou.
This effectively destroyed the retreat route for
both the Mexican army as well as his Texans .
22
On April 21, 1836 Houston ordered his army to
attack the exhausted Mexican soldiers as they
took their afternoon siestas.
words
23
Taken by surprise, 630 Mexican soldiers were
killed and 730 captured in 18 minutes of fighting
24
The next day, Santa Anna was captured while
hiding in the nearby marshes.
Texas Independence was secured.
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