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Driver Safety


Driver Safety * Slide Show Notes When you think of work-related safety hazards, you probably think about what goes on inside the workplace. But one of the greatest ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Driver Safety

Driver Safety
Driving Safety Statistics
  • Someone is injured every 18 seconds
  • Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause
    of death
  • 35 of work-related fatalities are associated
    with motor vehicles (source BLS)

More Statistics
  • Most collisions occur in daytime and in good
    weather conditions.
  • 62 of work-related vehicle fatalities occur
    between 7 AM 4 PM except trucking which occur
    between 37 AM.
  • Most urban collisions occur at intersections.

  • Leading Driving Hazards
  • Accident Avoidance
  • Safe Backing Techniques
  • Other Driving Hazards

General Safety
  • Always use seatbelts!
  • When backing up, use caution if you have
    passenger, ask them to get out and direct if
    not, get out and check area before backing.
  • If vehicle is not operating properly, report and
    discontinue use.
  • Shut off motor and do not smoke or use cell phone
    while refueling.
  • Do not leave engine running in an unattended
  • Report all work accidents, no matter how minor,
    to your supervisor.

Leading Causes of Collisions
  • Unsafe Lane Changes
  • Following Too Closely
  • Excessive Speed
  • Distracted Driving
  • Vehicle Malfunctions
  • Not Adjusting to Road/Conditions
  • DUIs

Rear-End Collisions
  • Rear-ending other vehicles is the leading cause
    of vehicle accidents
  • Maintain 3-second following distance to react
  • Braking distance is 3 12 X longer in bad
    weather conditions

Accident Avoidance Tips
  • Keep Space around Vehicles
  • Never Drive Side-by-Side
  • Know Your Blind Spots
  • Keep Out of other Peoples Blind Spots

Unsafe Behaviors
Distracted Driving
The 1 source of driver inattention using a
wireless device.
Drivers that use cell phones are four times more
likely to get into injury-producing crashes.
Cell phones contribute to 24 of crashes
(National Safety Council, 2012)
Text messaging, talking on a cell phone,
grooming, watching a movie, writing a grocery
list, putting in contact lenses, changing radio
stations, looking for items in your vehicle,
changing your vehicle instrument settings all
equal distracted driving. Emotional conversations
where people get angry and upset can lead to
deadly distractions.
Driving HazardsDangerous Conditions
  • Bad weather
  • Difficult road conditions
  • Poor light or glare
  • Heavy traffic
  • Road work
  • Accidents

Vehicle Maintenance
  • Neglecting maintenance can cause crashes.
  • Monitor condition of and air pressure in your
    tires. Not doing so could cause blowout or a
  • Change wiper blades regularly.

Pre-Drive Inspection
  • Tires
  • Leaks under vehicle
  • Windows clean, nothing blocking vision
  • Mirrors properly adjusted
  • Lights working properly

Watch Out for Fatigue
  • Be especially careful during late night, early
    morning, and mid-afternoon hours
  • Stop, take a nap, and drink coffee if youre
  • Avoid medicines that make you drowsy

Keep Cool in Traffic
  • Keep your emotions in check
  • Take steps to stay relaxed no matter what
  • Allow enough time to get there
  • Dont provoke other drivers
  • Report aggressive drivers to the police

Avoid Road Rage Incidents
  • Dont offend, dont engage.
  • Adjust your attitude (stay calm).
  • Avoid cutting people off.
  • Dont tailgate or follow closely.
  • Dont make obscene/questionable gestures.
  • Avoid eye contact.
  • Give angry drivers lots of room You just cant
    know what else is going on with them!

Dont Drink or Take Drugs and Drive
  • Alcohol and drugs impair
  • Ability to determine distances
  • Reaction time
  • Judgment
  • Vision
  • Remember
  • Only time, not coffee, will sober you up
  • Use a designated driver

Night Driving
  • Traffic deaths are three times greater at night
    than during the day (Source National Safety
  • Depth perception, color recognition and
    peripheral vision is compromised.
  • Aging eyes need more light. 50 year old needs 2x
    more light than 30 year old.

Night Driving
  • Increase following distance to 4 seconds
  • Clean headlights, taillights, signal lights and
    windows (at least weekly).
  • Replace wiper blades.
  • Have vehicle headlights properly aimed.
  • Dont overdrive headlights should be able to
    stop inside illuminated area
  • Turn lights on 1/2 hour before sunset

Whats behind you?
Vehicle Backing Safety
  • Think In Advance
  • Use a Spotter
  • Do a Walk-Around
  • Know Clearances

Backing out of a driveway
Think in Advance
  • Try to position vehicle so you dont have to back
  • Choose easy exit parking spots that dont crowd
    neighboring vehicles.
  • Back into the space if possible when parking.
  • Back to the left if possible so you can see
    objects on the drivers side.

Use a Spotter
  • Use another person to help when backing.
  • Turn off radio and roll down window to hear what
    spotter is telling you.
  • Make sure driver and spotter clearly understand
    hand signals.
  • Dont have spotter walking backwards while giving

Do a Walk-Around
  • Conduct a circle of safety walk-around to look
    for hazards.
  • Get back into vehicle ASAP
  • Look over shoulders check both mirrors.
  • Give two horn blasts before backing up.

Know Clearances
  • 6 Dimensions of Vehicle front, back, left,
    right, above and below.
  • Walk-around will identify obstructions, low
    hanging branches or clearance-related problems.
  • Be vigilant of vehicles blind spots.

Best Back-up Solutions
  • Park defensively to minimize need to back-up.
  • Take a moment to get a spotter to assist.
  • Practice situational awareness.
  • Encourage management to pursue back-up sensor
    and/or rear camera technology.

Did You Know
  • Immediately after driving you have an increased
    chance of a lower back injury from lifting?
  • Neck, shoulder and back pain are common after
    sitting for long periods, and from whole body

Driver Ergonomics
  • Change seat position a notch or two every 30
  • Use lumbar support and seat cushions.
  • Adjust steering wheel periodically.
  • Rest/stretch break 5 minutes every hour.

Did You Know?
  • About 25 of reported slips in snowy and icy
    conditions in NEWESD 101 School Districts happen
    when employees are exiting their vehicle.

Ten Driver Safety Tipsfrom How Stuff Works
  • Keep Your Vehicle Safe
  • Practice Defensive Driving
  • Watch Out for the Other Guy
  • Dont Follow Too closely
  • Be Extra Careful in Bad Weather
  • Wear Your Seat Belt
  • Dont Drive Drowsy
  • Dont Speed
  • Avoid Distractions
  • Dont Drink and Drive

Need more info?
  • Don Ebert
  • NEWESD 101
  • Risk Manager
  • (509) 789-3517
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