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CCS SYSTHEO

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CCS SYSTHEO The Church: Baptism and the Lord s Supper – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CCS SYSTHEO


1
CCS SYSTHEO
  • The Church
  • Baptism and the Lords Supper

2
  • Baptism

3
Baptism Views
  • Means of Grace
  • Covenant Sign or Seal
  • Picture of Salvation

4
Also categorized . . .
  • PedoBaptism Baptizing Children into Church
  • CredoBaptism Baptizing believers as the Church

5
Baptism as a Means of Grace
  • PedoBaptists
  • Considered a sacrament, rather than an ordinance
  • Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran
  • Either Gods doing through the Church authority
    or Gods doing more nebulous but mystical in
    sacrament Gods doing through procedure
  • Generally approached from the biblical texts
    regarding entire households being baptized (Acts
    11, 16 18)

6
Baptism as Sign Seal of the Covenant
  • PedoBaptists
  • Considered a sign, but a calling to the
    faithfulness to the Covenant
  • It is a promise of grace, but only through
    obedience to the Covenant yet, with overlap to
    sacramentalists views
  • Much like the sign of circumcision for the
    covenant in OT, so is baptism in NT
  • Approaches to passages like Col. 211-12, as well
    as household passages again in Acts to support.

7
Baptism as a picture of Salvation
  • CredoBaptists
  • Not a sacrament, but an ordinance
  • Has no merit whatsoever, but is an act of
    obedience, confession and experience
  • Only for those who have exercised faith in the
    Gospel unto salvation and therefore happens after
  • Matthew 2819-20 and Ethiopian Eunuch was
    baptized after belief also thief on Cross
    promised Paradise with no baptism not required.

8
A couple notes on mode
  • Immersion
  • Baptize is a transliterated word from the Greek,
    baptizo
  • It is the meaning of the word baptizo in Greek
    to dip or immerse
  • See even mundane uses John 1326 (dipped)
  • Pouring (Affusion)
  • Pouring water over someone is related to the
    Pouring out of the Spirit.
  • Considered an option in the early Church (See
    next Slide)
  • Sprinkling (Aspersion)

9
And concerning baptism, thus baptize ye Having
first said all these things, baptize into the
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
Holy Spirit, in living water. But if thou have
not living water, baptize into other water and
if thou canst not in cold, in warm. But if thou
have not either, pour out water thrice upon the
head into the name of Father and Son and Holy
Spirit. But before the baptism let the baptizer
fast, and the baptized, and whatever others can
but thou shalt order the baptized to fast one or
two days before.
  • -Didache ch. 7, from
  • Ante-Nicene Fathers

10
A couple notes on mode
  • Immersion
  • Baptize is a transliterated word from the Greek,
    baptizo
  • It is the meaning of the word baptizo in Greek
    to dip or immerse
  • See even mundane uses John 1326 (dipped)
  • Pouring (Affusion)
  • Pouring water over someone is related to the
    Pouring out of the Spirit.
  • Considered an option in the early Church (See
    next Slide)
  • Sprinkling (Aspersion)
  • Often related to Ezekiel 3625
  • 25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you
    shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and
    from all your idols I will cleanse you.

11
To Clear things up . . .
  • Jesus saves and only Jesus. Acts 411-12
  • How that salvation is applied is in question
  • The flow of salvific history/theology is also in
    play
  • The Bible must be the final authority

12
  • The Lords Supper

13
Lords Supper Views
  • Transubstantiation
  • Consubstantiation
  • Commemoration

14
Other Categories
  • Roman Catholic (Transubstantiation)
  • Lutheran (Consubstantiation)
  • Reformed (Sacramental)
  • Zwinglian (Commemoration)

15
Roman Catholicism
  • transubstantiation. A term in Roman Catholic
    theology meaning essential change, the belief
    that by the power of God at the consecration in
    the Mass, the bread and wine change substance
    into the actual substance of Jesus body and
    blood, even though they seem to retain their
    natural characteristics.

16
Lutheranism
  • consubstantiation. Martin Luther taught that the
    body and blood of the Lord is present in, with
    and under the actual bread and wine.

17
Commemoration
  • Commemorialism. Originating with Ulrich Zwingli,
    a view of the Lords Supper that sees the rite as
    symbolic, as representing (or memorializing)
    Christs self-giving on the cross (together with
    his last supper with the disciples).
    Commemorialists believe that Christs presence is
    not localized in the communion elements but
    within the gathered community of believers.
    Memorialists consider the word is in Christs
    words, This is my body. . . . This is my blood
    (Mk 1422, 24) to be figurative, so that it means
    signifies or represents. Hence by this phrase
    Jesus was not referring literally to his physical
    body and blood but was indicating that the
    physical elements are symbols of his life that
    would be given for them.

18
The Lords Supper is a reminder of the death of
Christ and of its sacrificial character in our
behalf, a symbol of our vital connection with the
Lord, and a testimony to His second coming.
19
A Focused and Sobering Passage
  • 1 Corinthians 1123-32

20
And can it be that I should gain an interest in
the Savior's blood! Died he for me? who caused
his pain! For me? who him to death pursued?
Amazing love! How can it be that thou, my God,
shouldst die for me? Amazing love! How can it be
that thou, my God, shouldst die for me?
21
CCS SYSTHEO
  • The Church
  • Baptism and the Lords Supper
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