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Eliminating Meat

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Eliminating Meat & Dairy The fastest, most cost effective way to reducing 1 billion tons of emissions out of the atmosphere per year – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Eliminating Meat


1
Eliminating Meat Dairy
The fastest, most cost effective way to reducing
1 billion tons of emissions out of the atmosphere
per year
2
Table of Contents
  • Methane An under appreciated emissions time
    bomb
  • Meat, Dairy and Global Warming
  • Biofuels dont cause starvation, meat does
  • Vegetarian diets use less water
  • Call to Action Proposal for 25 million Virgin
    Earth Challenge emissions reduction award

3
Methane
  • An Under Appreciated Time Bomb

4
  • Reducing Methane the fastest way to take heat
    out of the atmosphere
  • Reducing meat dairy consumption the cheapest,
    fastest way to reduce methane

Methane being collected from a cow
5
Methane Reduction Buys us time in fight
against global warming
...many of us are saying if you want to make an
impact soon, slow down the melting of the
glaciers, slow down the rise of the sea level,
and so on, give us more time to deal with things,
give us, society, more time, shouldnt you work
more on methane?
Kirk R. Smith, MPH, PhD Professor of Global
Environmental Health University of California,
Berkeley
Source Interview with Supreme Master Television
6
Methane Key To Rapid Emissions Reductions
The mitigation of non-carbon dioxide (Non-CO2)
greenhouse gas emissions can be a relatively
inexpensive supplement to CO2-only mitigation
strategies. Methane Mitigation has the largest
potential across all the Non-CO2 Greenhouse
Gases.
US Environmental Protection Agency Global
Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases June 2006
7
  • Control of methane emissions turns out to be a
    more powerful lever to control global warming
    than would be anticipated.
  • Drew Shindell, PhD
  • Atmospheric Physicist
  • NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

Source NASA/Goddard Report Methanes Impact
on Climate Change May Be Twice Previous Estimates

8
Methane A more potent gas over shorter periods
Methane 23 times hotter than CO2 (100 yr time
period)
Methane 68 times hotter than CO2 (20 yr time
period)
Methane GWP est. 68
Methane GWP est. 23
Methanes global warming potential (GWP) is
greater over shorter time periods due to a
shorter atmospheric lifetime (12 years vs 1000
years for CO2)
Source US Environmental Protection Agency
Report Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse
Gases, IPCC
9
1 billion tons of methane will dissipate faster
than 1 billion tons of CO2
Carbon Dioxide Remaining
Billions of tons (CO2 Equivalents)
Methane Dissipating
Source IPCC
10
Meat Dairy 1 Source of Human Cause
Methane Emissions Globally (37)
Methane from Meat Dairy Manure Enteric
Fermentation
United Kingdom 1 Livestock (43) 2 Landfill
(18) 3 Oil Gas (17)
United States 1 Livestock (30) 2 Landfill
(25) 3 Oil Gas (24)
Germany 1 Livestock (62) 2 Landfill (13) 3
Oil Gas (17)
Source US Environmental Protection Agency, UN
FAO
11
Being Vegan 1 day per week eliminates 1 billion
tons of methane (in CO2 equivalents)
Billions of tons of emissions saved per year
Note Does not include emissions reductions for
CO2 or Nitrous Oxide
In CO2 equivalents over 20 years with an
estimated GWP of 68
Source UN FAO, Livestocks Long Shadow, IPCC
12
Meat, Dairy
  • Global Warming
  • (other emissions)

13
Meat Dairy 1 Source of all Human-Caused
Greenhouse Gas Emissions (24)
Assumes global warming potential 68
  • Emissions from Livestock
  • Methane 37
  • Carbon Dioxide 9
  • Nitrous Oxide 67

67 from Meat, Dairy
36 from Meat, Dairy
9 from Meat, Dairy
Source UN Food and Agriculture Organization
UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
14
Meat Dairy 1 Source of all Human-Caused
Greenhouse Gas Emissions (24)
Assumes global warming potential 68
Global Warming Potential 68
Global Warming Potential 23
The UN FAO states the livestock industry causes
18 of global warming --- over a 100 year time
frame. Over a shorter time period, meat and
dairy are responsible for 24 of global warming
due to the higher global warming potential of
methane over shorter periods of time.
Assume Methane Global Warming Potential 23 _at_100
years, 68 _at_ 20 years
Source UN Food and Agriculture Organization
IPCC estimates
15
Meat Dairy Cause 9 of Global Carbon Dioxide
Emissions
CO2 release from cultivated soil
Fertilizer manufacture
On farm fuel use
Desertification
Deforestation and other land use change
Annual tons of CO2 Emissions from Livestock
(millions of tons)
Source Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food
Agriculture Organization, Nov. 2006
16
Stop eating Meat Dairy to halt 30 of Tropical
Rainforest Deforestation
If we want to halt tropical rainforest
deforestation in Latin America, stop eating
animal products.
CO2 release from cultivated soil
Fertilizer manufacture
On farm fuel use
Desertification
Deforestation and other land use change
Annual tons of CO2 Emissions from Livestock
(millions of tons)
Source Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food
Agriculture Organization, Nov. 2006
17
Meat Dairy 1 Source of all Human-Caused
Nitrous Oxide (67)
  • Nitrous oxide is released from manure and from
    nitrogen fertilizers used in growing feed crops
    for animals
  • The manure and nitrous oxide flow out the rivers
    and into the ocean, where they are a significant
    contributor to the oceans dead zones
  • Nitrous Oxide is 296 times more potent than CO2
    dissipates in 114 years

18
Meat Dairy 1 Source of all Human-Caused
Nitrous Oxide (67)
19
Biofuels Dont Cause Starvation
  • meat does

20
Biofuels dont cause starvation Meat does
  • Every 2.3 seconds, a child dies from malnutrition
  • The 760 million tonnes of grain fed to animals
    could feed 2 billion people, so could cover the
    global food shortage 14 times over
  • 1 ha produces potatoes to support 22 people
  • 1 ha produces rice to support 19 people
  • 1 ha produces lamb to support 2 people
  • 1 ha produces beef to support 1 person
  • 800 million hungry 1 billion obese

Source UNICEF, World Health Organization, UN
Food and Agriculture Organization, Earth Policy
Institute
21
Biofuels dont cause starvation Meat does
2007/08 Global Grain Crop Production 2109
million metric tons
Number of People on the Planet (2007) 6.7
billion
Global hunger happens when the impoverished
compete for grain with animals fed to the
wealthy. Biofuels play only a small role.
Source UN Food Agriculture Organization, World
Food Organization
22
Vegetarian Diets Use Less Water
  • than meat diets

23
Vegetarian Diets use less water than Meat Diets
  • Global Warming Threatens our already-dwindling
    water supply
  • Africa water availability in 2025 forecast to be
    lt 50 of 1990 levels
  • US Southwest Lake Mead (serving 23 million
    people with water) forecast to be dry by 2021.
  • Spain fining people 9,000 for watering flowers

24
Vegetarian Diets use less Water than Meat Diets
  • 70 water usage by agriculture10 is used at
    home, and 20 by industry.
  • 19,737 litres of water are needed to produce
    one pound of beef in California. This is enough
    to take a 7 minute shower everyday for an entire
    year.

Source Stockholm International Water Institute,
University of California-Davis, UN Food
Agriculture Organization
25
Vegetarian Diets use less water than Meat Diets
WATER
  • An entire vegan meal uses 371 litres of water
  • One average serving of chicken uses 1,249 litres
  • One serving of beef 4,664 litres

Source Water Inputs in California Food
Production, University of California - Davis
26
Call to Action
  • Together we can work together to make the world a
    better place
  • Invest money in eliminating meat dairy
  • to save the environment
  • to feed the hungry
  • to ensure adequate water resources
  • Via...
  • Ending all subsidies on meat, dairy and
    feedstocks
  • Providing only vegan meals on Virgin Airlines
  • Tax on meat and dairy
  • Ban the sale of meat and dairy in all government
    institutions
  • Include agriculture emissions in emissions
    reduction plans
  • Label all meat dairy in supermarkets
    restaurants with emissions levels
  • Encourage all citizens to eat vegan

27
END
  • For more information, please see
  • www.SupremeMasterTV.com
  • www.MeatTheFacts.org
  • www.EcoFoodPrint.org
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