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Causes of WWI

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Title: Causes of WWI


1
Causes of WWI
2
M.A.I.N.
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism

3
Militarism
  • Definition Armed Strength Glory!
  • Leaders believed that a country got what it
    wanted through military strength.
  • Large standing armies of drafted men
  • Arms Race
  • If one country mobilized (got its troops ready
    for combat), other countries would do the same
    for their own protection

4
Alliances
  • Definition Agreements by countries that pledge
    to support each other.
  • During the 1800s, the unifications of Germany and
    Italy (from other empires and city-states) gave
    them more power than the rest of Europes
    countries.

5
Alliance System in Europe
  • The Creation of Germany
  • Triple Alliance - Austria-Hungary,
  • Germany, and the Ottoman Empire

6
Alliance System in Europe
  • Militarism The Naval Race
  • 1898-Germans begin to build navy and challenge
    Great Britains dominance
  • Tensions begin to build Britain, France, and
    Russia enter entente cordiale aka Triple
    Entente

WWI battleship
7
Alliance Systems in Europe
8
Imperialism
  • Definition The domination of a stronger country
    over a weaker country in every aspect socially,
    economically and politically.
  • Industrialization forced countries to need other
    markets to supply raw materials and to buy their
    goods.

9
Nationalism
  • Definition A sense of pride and loyalty to
    ones nation (sometimes the same as ones
    country but not always).
  • Can be a problem when one government rules over
    many nationalities.
  • Germany wanted their place in the sun
  • Pan-Slavism the movement to unite different
    Slavic people under one government

10
The Spark
  • Serbian nationalist group, The Black Hand was
    trained and stocked by Serbian govt
  • Assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to
    Austria Hungary throne) and his wife while on a
    trip to Bosnia
  • Serbian govt denies involvement
  • Austria Hungary issues a list of demands that
    Serbia refuses to agree to and declares war

11
(No Transcript)
12
Falling Dominos
  • On July 28th, Austria declared war on Serbia.
  • Russia moves troops to protect Serbia along the
    Austria Hungary and German border
  • Germany declares war on Russia and France
  • Germany enters Belgium to attack France Britain
    is Belgiums ally and therefore declares war on
    Germany

13
Allied and Central Powers
Triple Alliance
Triple Entente
Allies -France, Russia, and Great Britain
-Italy joins in 1915
Central Powers -Germany, Austria- Hungary,
Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
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