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Human Systems

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CHAPTER 6 Human Systems Section 1: Economic Geography Section 2: Urban and Rural Geography Section 3: Political Geography Objectives: What are the three main types of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Systems


1
Human Systems
CHAPTER 6
  • Section 1 Economic Geography
  • Section 2 Urban and Rural Geography
  • Section 3 Political Geography

2
Objectives
Section 1 Economic Geography
  • What are the three main types of economic
    systems?
  • How are developed countries and developing
    countries different?

3
Three types of economic systems
Section 1 Economic Geography
  • traditional or subsistencepeople make goods for
    themselves and their families
  • marketfree enterprise, in which people choose
    what to buy and sell
  • commandgovernment makes major economic decisions

4
Differences in levels of development
Section 1 Economic Geography
  • Developed countries
  • high levels of industrialization
  • high standards of living, education, and health
    care
  • good infrastructure, with global market economies
  • Developing countries
  • poorer nations, with lower standards of living,
    education, and health care
  • based mainly on farming, with fewer jobs in
    services or manufacturing
  • includes most of Africa, Asia, Central and South
    America, Pacific islands

5
Objectives
Section 2 Urban and Rural Geography
  • How have people used land throughout human
    history?
  • How does urban geography describe human
    settlements?
  • What are some of the ways people use land in
    rural areas?

6
Using the land
Section 2 Urban and Rural Geography
  • for hunting and gathering
  • for agriculture
  • for cities

7
Urban geography
Section 2 Urban and Rural Geography
  • Urban geography describes urban settlements in
    various ways
  • location
  • size and distribution
  • land use
  • urban problems

8
Rural land use
Section 2 Urban and Rural Geography
  • The key economic activity is agriculture.
  • subsistence
  • market-oriented
  • Rural land is also used for forestry, mining, and
    recreation.

9
Objectives
Section 3 Political Geography
  • How are government and geography connected?
  • What are three main types of geographic
    boundaries?
  • How do conflict and cooperation affect
    international relations?

10
The study of government is an important aspect of
geography.
Section 3 Political Geography
  • This includes
  • how governments divide and control Earths
    surface
  • how governments rule their people
  • how governments interact
  • how culture influences government

11
Types of geographic boundaries
Section 3 Political Geography
  • naturalbased on physical features
  • culturalbased on culture traits
  • geometricbased on regular, geometric patterns

12
Role of conflict and cooperation in international
relations
Section 3 Political Geography
  • Conflict divides countries, often over issues of
    nationalism or political and economic
    differences.
  • Cooperation helps solve political and economic
    problems and bring countries together.
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