Enlightenment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Enlightenment PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 781c15-YzFhZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Enlightenment

Description:

New World Order Enlightenment & Monarchy Europe {Eastern & Western} 1450 - 1750 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:33
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 38
Provided by: Susa2543
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Enlightenment


1
New World Order
  • Enlightenment Monarchy
  • Europe Eastern Western
  • 1450 - 1750

2
People Concepts
  • Partitions of Poland
  • Pugachev Rebellion
  • Time of Troubles
  • Instruction of 1767
  • Romanov Dynasty
  • Westernization
  • Rurik dynasty
  • Chancery of Secret Police
  • Catherine the Great
  • Peter the Great I
  • Ivan IV Terrible
  • Alexis Romanov
  • Radishev
  • Peter III
  • Ivan III
  • Alexis de Tocqueville

3
Concepts Places
  • Serfdom
  • Obruk
  • Cossacks
  • Old Believers
  • Boyars
  • Third Rome
  • St. Petersburg

4
Essential Questions
  • Compare contrast the characteristics and
    policies of enlightened and absolute monarchs.
  • Trace the emergence of the Russian state from
    Ivan III and Catherine the Great.
  • Identify the rulers of Eastern Europe and their
    policies, enlightened or absolutism.

5
Enlightened Rule
  • Enlightened Ruler
  • Allowed
  • Free speech
  • Free press
  • Religious toleration
  • Private property
  • Enlightened Absolutism
  • Emerged 18th Century
  • Are they all enlightened?

6
Prussia
Largest Per Capita Army in Europe
  • Frederick Wilhelm I
  • Prussia a feudal state
  • Junkers Aristocracy
  • Frederick II The Great
  • 1712-1786
  • Some limited freedoms
    speech press
  • Complete religious tolerance
  • Maintained Junker class

7
Frederick II The Great 1712-1786
8
(No Transcript)
9
Junker Class
As part of the nobility, many Junker families
have particles such as "von" before their family
names.
10
Prussia
11
Prussia
12
Austria
  • EMPIRE LARGE AND DIVERSE
  • The Hapsburgs
  • Maria Theresa
  • Because of the large
    awkward empire
  • Did not ascribe to
    enlightened ideals

13
(No Transcript)
14
Emergence of Russia
  • Ivan III
  • The Great
  • Russian independence from Mongols
  • Expansionist
  • Cossacks
  • Free peasants
  • Private army
  • Third Rome
  • Modeledgt Byzantium
  • Ivan IV
  • The Terrible
  • Reign of Terror
  • Died w/o heir
  • Mikhail Romanov
  • Chosen successor
  • Dynasty lasted until
  • 1917

15
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov (In Russian
?????? ????????? ???????) (July 12, 1596
July 13, 1645)
16
Kazakhs
Streltsi Cossacks
17
Russia
18
St. Petersburg
19
Russia
  • PETER THE GREAT
  • Instituted
  • Forced rapid modernization
  • Sent Russians abroad to study
  • Travel in West to learn about governments,
    militaries, industries.

20
Peters Reforms
  • MILITARY REFORM
  • Better equipped
  • Modern weapons
  • Better trained
  • Aristocratic officers
  • Learn geometry
  • Largest army in Europe

21
Peters Reforms
  • BUREAUCRATIC REFORM
  • Nobles served as government officials
  • Table of Ranks
  • Based on merit
  • SOCIAL REFORM
  • Abolished terem harem
  • Ordered
  • Women to wear Western clothing
  • Men to shave beards

22
(No Transcript)
23
St. Petersburg
  • Peter the Greats
    capital on Baltic
  • Window on West
  • Transferred to new capital
  • Government offices
  • Noble families

24
Russia
  • Catherine the Great
  • Displace husband to rule
  • Continued Peters policy to westernize
  • Appointed officials with Western education
  • Deeply interested in philosophe
  • But granted no freedoms that weakened her rule
  • French Revolution put an end to reform

25
(No Transcript)
26
Russian Expansion
  • Partitioned Poland with Prussia Austria
  • Clash b/c Poland was Roman Catholic
  • Absorbed the Ukraine
  • Peasants under Bodhan Khmelnitsky sought union
  • Absorbed Siberia
  • Smallpox reduced indigenous populations
  • Pushed into Balkan regions Ottoman
  • Halted by England France

Crimean War
27
Russian Expansion
28
Compare Expansion Russia / U.S.A
East West
29
Russian Expansion
West East
30
Russian Economics
  • European trade
  • Import armaments, textiles, paper, silver
  • Asian trade
  • Islamic Empires gt Czar restricted merchants
  • Industrial development
  • 200 new enterprises
  • Population growth
  • 18th C. gt 15M to 30M

31
Russia Religion
  • Crisis in Church
  • Patriarch Nikon standardize practices
  • Tsarist control
  • Church becomes a dept. of state govt.
  • Under Peter the Great
  • Intelligencia
  • Flourished under Catherine
  • French Revolution put an end to it all.

32
Global Confrontation
  • Part 2

33
Alliances
  • Purpose of European system of alliances
  • Guided by self-interest
  • Established a BALANCE OF POWER
  • No group more powerful than another
  • War of Austrian Succession
  • Prussia Austria
  • Directly into Seven Years War

34
(No Transcript)
35
War for Empire
  • Seven Years War
  • A.K.A. ?
  • War for empire
  • Britain France their allies
  • Fought in Europe N. America on the High Seas

36
(No Transcript)
37
Enduring Questions
  • What tendencies can we trace as continuities for
    the Russians?
  • Trace backward foreward.
  • How do the Europeans utilize conflict to settle
    claims and differences?
About PowerShow.com