Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066

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Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 England/Great Britain/United Kingdom The migrations of the invading peoples into England during the Anglo-Saxon period The Celts 4th ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066


1
Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066
2
England/Great Britain/United Kingdom
  • Island that includes Scotland and Wales
  • Known today as the United Kingdom of Great
    Britain
  • Invading peoples included the Iberians, Celts,
    Romans, Angles, Saxons. Jutes, Vikings, and
    Normans
  • from around 449-1066

3
The migrations of the invading peoples into
England during the Anglo-Saxon period

4
The Celts
  • 4th century- Celtic people called Britons
    invaded England
  • Tall, blonde warriors women had equal rights as
    men
  • Religion based on animism (spirits live in trees,
    rivers, rocks, etc)
  • Druid priests acted as intermediaries between the
    people and gods
  • Believed in the Great Mother Goddess who
    associated with nature

5
Stonehenge
  • Celtic priests (druids) were said to have built
    Stonehenge (a bunch of heavy stones placed in a
    circle)
  • Ceremonies celebrating the rites of the sun,
    moon, and astronomical events took place here
  • A mystery on how this monument was created
  • Stonehenge is one of the Wonders of the Modern
    World

6
  • Druid translates as knowing the oak tree
    because these priests performed religious
    ceremonies in oak groves
  • The oak tree and the mistletoe were sacred to the
    Celtic priests
  • The custom of kissing under the mistletoe comes
    from the Celtic tradtition
  • Druid priests were also responsible for educating
    the young

7
Celtic Mythology Legend
  • Celtic mythology influenced the literature of
    England
  • These myths and legends are full of male and
    female heroes unlike the male dominated
    Anglo-Saxon literature schools normally teach.
  • The legend of King Arthur and the Knights of the
    Round Table come from the Celtic myths

8
The Romans
  • Julius Caesar defeated the Celts (Britons) in 55
    BC
  • The Romans occupied this area for 4 centuries
  • They built
  • roads that connected cities
  • a defensive wall (Hadrians Wall)
  • public baths
  • They promoted literacy and education
  • Their most important contribution was Christianity

9
Public Baths Hadrians Wall
10
Angles, Saxons, and Jutes
  • Invaders from Germany (Angles and Saxons) and
    Denmark (Jutes) came in the 5th century
  • The name England comes from the Angle words
    Engla Land
  • The tribes and cities were not unified and they
    fought each other frequently
  • King Alfred the Great unified the tribes,
    established Christianity as the dominant
    religion, and ordered the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
    written to record their history
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