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Museum Entrance

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Christy G. Keeler Last modified by: Justin Tran Created Date: 9/24/2008 10:06:37 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Museum Entrance


1
Museum Entrance
Welcome to the Museum of WW2 Battles and
Operations
D-Day
Battle of the Bulge
Battle of midway island
Atomic bombings
BERLIN
Curators Offices
2
Curators Office
Liam Berry
  • Smart
  • Like to game
  • Like sports
  • Get good grades
  • Short blonde hair
  • 8th grade
  • Depoali middle school
  • Going to damonte

Place your picture hre.
Contact me at Your linked email address
Return to Entry
3
Room 1
Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Return to Entry
4
Room 2
D Day Room

Return to Entry
5
Room 3
The Battle of Bulge
Return to Entry
6
Room 4
Battle of Midway Island
Return to Entry
7
Room 5
Battle of Berlin
Return to Entry
8
Atomic bomb
On August 6, 1945, the United States used a
huge, atomic bomb against Hiroshima, Japan and a
few days later they dropped a bigger one on
Nagasaki, Japan. The atomic bomb that was dropped
on Hiroshima was the equivalent of 20,000 tons of
TNT. The bomb flattened the city, killing tens of
thousands of people. While Japan was still trying
to adjust to this devastation, three days later,
the United States struck again, this time, on
Nagasaki. The Nagasaki bomb was more powerful but
didnt cause as much damage.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
9
Enola Gay
The plane that dropped the atom bomb on
Hiroshima was B-29 bomber and it was called the
Enola Gay. It took off from Tinian, a North
Pacific Island, 1,500 miles south from Japan. It
was a twelve man crew on the plane and the pilot
nicknamed the plane after his mother. It was
escorted by two other bomber planes. In order to
carry such a large bomb, the plane was modified
with new propellers, stronger engines and a
faster opening door where the bomb would be
dropped through.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
10
The first bombing
While the people that got bombed in Hiroshima
were recovering from the first bombing, the
United States were planning a second bombing. The
second run wasnt delayed because they were
waiting for Japan to surrender but because they
were waiting for the perfect amount of plutonium
to fuel the atomic bomb. The bomb that dropped
over Nagazaki was called the Fat Man. This bomb
was considered to be much more powerful than the
one that was dropped over Hiroshima, but because
of the terrain in Nagazaki, the bomb didnt do as
much damage as it could have. With having a
population of 270,000, over 70,000 people died by
the end of they year.
http//history1900s.about.com/od/worldwarii/a/hiro
shima_2.htm
Return to Exhibit
11
Aftermath
Some of the people that survived the bombing
got cancer and their IQ dropped permanently. A
lot of people had hair loss and thermal burns
from the radiation. Some people also developed
mental retardation and permanent blindness. The
bomb that was dropped over Hiroshima weighed
9,700 lbs. and the bomb that was dropped over
Nagasaki weighed 10,265 lbs. Some of the people
that were exposed developed Post Traumatic Stress
Disorder and those people had nightmares,
flashbacks, intense anxiety, depression, and
suicidal thoughts.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
12
D-Day
During World War II (1939-1945), the Battle of
Normandy, which lasted from June 1944 to August
1944, resulted in the Allied liberation of
Western Europe from Nazi Germanys control.
Codenamed Operation Overlord, the battle began on
June 6, 1944 also known as D-Day, when some
156,000 American, British and Canadian forces
landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of
the heavily fortified coast of Frances Normandy
region. The invasion was one of the largest
amphibious military assaults in history and
required extensive planning. Prior to D-Day, the
Allies conducted a large-scale deception campaign
designed to mislead the Germans about the
intended invasion target. By late August 1944,
all of northern France had been liberated and by
the following spring the Allies had defeated the
Germans.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
13
Attack plan
Formal planning for the invasion of Northwest
Europe began in 1943. A group led by British
General Frederick Morgan searched for the best
point along the coast to strike and started
drawing up assault plans. In May, at an Allied
conference in Washington, D.C., a target date of
spring 1944 was set for the long-awaited
attack. In December 1943 a commander for the
operation was selected. The choice was an
American,General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower
had directed Allied invasion forces in North
Africa and Italy. He took up his new post,Supreme
Commander Allied Expeditionary Force,in January
1944. Eisenhower approved of Morgan's selection
of the Normandy coast in France as the invasion
site, but he increased the size of the assault
force. He and his staff then prepared the details
of a plan to organize, transport, land, and
supply the largest amphibious invasion force in
history. The operation was code-named "Overlord."
The outcome of the war rested upon its success.
http//www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/f
or-students/ww2-history/d-day-june-6-1944.html
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
14
Statistics
On the day of June 6th 1944 more than 160,00
allied soldiers landed on the beaches of
Normandy more than 9,00 allied troops gave there
life so that the allied forces could begin there
long siege against Adolf Hitlers army. General
Dwight d Eisenhower said we accept nothing less
than defeat Eisenhower. As Eisenhower said. The
battle at Normandy lasted 24 hours including the
help of 13,000 aircraft and 5 thousand troops
the battle was shortly over with the Americans on
their way in to Normandy to liberate France. The
remaining Germans on the beach where either
killed help as p.o.ws or escaped to fight
another day in a losing war against the allies.
Return to Exhibit
15
Backpack loot
Before the deadly task of d day parachutes
helped clear the way having an extraordinarily
dangerous job. The average pack a parachute
carried if they didnt lose portions of it
is. Standard Parachutist pack M-1 Garand Rifle
with 8-round clip cartridge belt with
canteen hand grenades parachute and
pack anti-flash headgear and gloves pocket
compass machete .45 caliber Colt automatic
pistol flares message book This is what every
soldier except officers and others carried. The
emergency rations where 4 pieces of chewing gum 2
bouillon cubes 2 Nescafe instant coffees, 2 sugar
cubes, and creamers 4 Hershey bars 1 pack of
Charms candy 1 package pipe tobacco 1 bottle of
water purification (Halazone) tablets to purify
water. "To use Put two tablets in canteen full
of water (approx. 1 qt.) and shake briskly. Wait
30 minutes before drinking water. If water is
dirty or discolored, use 4 tablets."
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
16
The start
December 1944, Adolph Hitler attempted to split
the Allied armies in northwest Europe by means of
a surprise blitzkrieg thrust through the Ardennes
to Antwerp. American units fought desperate
battles to stem the German advance at St.-Vith,
Elsenborn Ridge, Houffalize and Bastogne. As the
Germans drove deeper into the Ardennes in an
attempt to secure vital bridgeheads, the Allied
line took on the appearance of a large bulge,
giving rise to the battles name. Lieutenant
General George S. Pattons successful maneuvering
of the Third Army to Bastogne proved vital to the
Allied defense, leading to the neutralization of
the German counteroffensive despite heavy
casualties.
www.history/WWII/battleofbulge.com
Return to Exhibit
17
Hitlers plan
Its objective was to split the Allied armies by
means of a surprise blitzkrieg thrust through the
Ardennes to Antwerp, marking a repeat of what the
Germans had done three times previouslyin
September 1870, August 1914, and May 1940.
Despite Germanys historical penchant for
mounting counteroffensives when things looked
darkest, the Allies leadership miscalculated and
left the Ardennes lightly defended by only two
inexperienced and two battered American divisions.
http//www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-
of-the-bulge
Return to Exhibit
18
On December 16, three German armies (more than a
quarter-million troops) launched the deadliest
and most desperate battle of the war in the west
in the poorly roaded, rugged, heavily forested
Ardennes. The once-quiet region became bedlam as
American units were caught flat-footed and fought
desperate battles to stem the German advance at
St.-Vith, Elsenborn Ridge, Houffalize and, later,
Bastogne, which was defended by the 101st
Airborne Division. The inexperienced U.S. 106th
Division was nearly annihilated, but even in
defeat helped buy time for Brigadier General
Bruce C. Clarkes brilliant defense of St.-Vith.
As the German armies drove deeper into the
Ardennes in an attempt to secure vital
bridgeheads west of the River Meuse quickly, the
line defining the Allied front took on the
appearance of a large protrusion or bulge, the
name by which the battle would forever be known.
Return to Exhibit
http//www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-
of-the-bulge
19
General Patton
General George s. Patton greatly hoped to lead
the allied invasion of the Normandy, but was
publicly assigned command of a fictitious force
of Pas de Calais, France, the allies were able to
make land on the beaches of Normandy which is on
D-Day (June 6, 1944). After the 1st army broke
the German line, his 3rd army swept the through
the breach in to northern France to pursue to
Nazis. Late that year, the deadliest battle US
ever fought in WWII would be known as the BATTLE
OF THE BULGE
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
20
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
On May 1942, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
wanted to draw the US Pacific Fleet into a
battle where he could overwhelm and destroy them.
To turn this plan into a reality he planned an
invasion of Midway Island which would make a good
place to attack the oncoming ships from. Yamamoto
knew that the U.S, would send their remaining
aircraft carriers to protect that fleet. He
believed that the U.S. had only two aircraft
carriers though.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
21
Midway Island
At 430 on June 4, Japanese Vice Admiral
launched 108 planes to attack Midway Island and
other planes to watch for the American Fleet. The
small amount of fighters on the island were
quickly wiped out by the Japanese then they
destroyed all of communication systems and any
other stuff the island had. The vice Admirals
leaders told him to do a second attack, so he
sent his reserved aircraft which was loaded with
torpedoes and bombs. After he launched his
reserve plane, a Japanese plane reported seeing
the American fleet coming.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
22
Army statistics
Resources Used America 3 carriers 25 support
ships 233 carrier aircraft 127 land-based
aircraft Japan 4 carriers 2 battleships 15
support ships (heavy and light cruisers,
destroyers) 248 carrier aircraft, 16
floatplanes Japanese Ships that did not
participate in the battle 2 light carriers 5
battleships 41 support ships
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
23
Casualties
Battle of Midway - Casualties US Fleet
Losses 340 killed (Approximate) Aircraft
Carrier USS Yorktown Destroyer USS Hammann 145
aircraft Japanese Navy Losses 3,057 killed
(Approximate) Aircraft Carrier Akagi Aircraft
Carrier Kaga Aircraft Carrier Soryu Aircraft
Carrier Hiryu Heavy Cruiser Mikuma 228
aircraft Total Number of Deaths 3,397 Deaths
(Approximate)
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
24
The attack
The battle of berlin is the start of the
conclusion of WWII. This battle was the battle
where the soviet army broke the defense of the
german army and started the battle taking place
in berlin. The battle took place on the date
April 16th that lasted to May 2nd, 1945. The
soviet army executed their offense to take berlin
was on January of 1945 where the Soviet forces
would clear out the remaining German forces from
Poland.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
25
STATISTICS
The armies that would face had a fair amount of
commanders, the soviet army had four commandants,
germans had five commandants including hitler
himself. The soviet army had 196 divisions,
2,500,000 soldiers, 6,250 tanks and SP guns,
7,500 aircraft, 41,600 artillery pieces. For the
investment and assault on the Berlin Defense Area
approximately 1,500,000 soldiers were employed as
for the german army had 50 divisions, 766,750
soldiers, 1,519 AFV, 2,224 aircraft, 9,303
artillery pieces In the Berlin Defense Area
Approximately 45,000 soldiers, supplemented by
the police force, Hitler Youth, and 40,000
Volkssturm. The casualties were high as the
soviets suffered at least 81,116 dead or missing,
280,251 sick or wounded, 1,997 tanks, 2,108
artillery pieces, 917 aircraft and german
suffered unknown, Estimate Casualties from the
Battle of Berlin 92,000100,000 killed, 220,000
wounded, 480,000 POW Inside Berlin Defence Area
About 22,000 military dead, 22,000 civilian dead.
Especially hitler himself. But in the end, the
soviets had won and begun the end of WWII.
http//www.worldwar2facts.org/battle-of-berlin-fac
ts.html
Return to Exhibit
26
PLAN
Leading up to the Battle for Berlin, Soviet
Premier Joseph Stalin considered the city to be
one of the major prizes of the war. He feared
that the British would beat the Soviets to the
city with UK Field Marshal Bernard Montgomerys
21st Army Group that was advancing from Holland
into Northern Germany. Due to fears of Hitler
escaping to the south into Austria, U.S. General
Dwight D. Eisenhower made the decision to plan
for a broad front offensive using the U.S. 9th
Army to conduct mopping-up operations in the Ruhr
and then advance eastwards towards the
Erfurt-Leipzig-Dresden line. At the same time,
Montgomerys 21st Army Group would protect the
northern flank of the Allies and General Jacob
Devers 6th Army Group would protect the southern
flank. The end result would be to meet the
Soviets advance around Dresden and effectively
cut Germany in half. The decision to not make
Berlin the focus of the Allied advance was not
popular with Churchill, especially after the
Soviets had started back tracking on a number of
agreements made at the Yalta conference.
http//www.worldwar2facts.org/battle-of-berlin-fac
ts.html
Return to Exhibit
27
Hitlers death
Early on April 30th, General Helmuth Otto
Weidling, who was the last German commander of
the Berlin defense area, Volkssturmmann with
Panzerschreck, Berlin, April 1945. reported to
Hitler that the ammunition of the defenders would
be exhausted at some point that evening. He was
given permission to attempt a breakout through
the Red Army lines encircling Berlin. Later that
afternoon, Hitler and his wife (Braun) committed
suicide. Their bodies were cremated close to his
bunker. Upon his death, Hitlers will appointed
Admiral Karl Dönitz as the Reichspräsident or
President of the country. Joseph Goebbels was
appointed as the new Reichskanzler or Chancellor
of Germany. Following Hitlers lead, many of his
followers would commit suicide prior to the city
surrendering to the Soviets which occurred on May
2nd, 1945. Fighting would continue around the
city until WW 2 in Europe ended on May 8th.
During this time, many German units would fight
to the west so they could surrender to the
Western Allies vice the Soviets.
http//www.worldwar2facts.org/battle-of-berlin-fac
ts.html
Return to Exhibit
28
luger
The luger is a pistol what hitler used to killed
his family and himself. Why is this important?
Because the pistol took the life of hitler well
it didnt exactly took his life as he killed
himself to avoid capture.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
29
Japanese kamikaze plane
Manned by pilots that are willing to give their
lives away for their victory of their country.
Yeah, this took that to the next level, these
suicidal bombers has no other purpose but to fly
straight at an air carrier and crash it there,
killing the pilot and causing devastating damages.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Entrance
30
howitzer
An old artillery cannon that forces enemy
soldiers into hiding in their bunkers. Like
motars, they shoot farther to hit their targets
and destroy properties to weaken the enimeis
forces all while still forcing them underground.
The howitzer is a heavy machinery and sometimes
could tip over. Reloading this beast takes about
30 seconds to fire another piece of exploding
metal. Used in nearly every battle of all in WWII
Linked citation goes here
Return to Entrance
31
Back Wall Artifact
World War 2, also known as the second world war
lasted six years (1939-1945). The war began on
September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland.
America didnt join the war until the Japanese
attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and the
next day, America declared war on December 8,
1941. Many people died in World War 2. The
country that had the most people killed was the
Soviet Union with over 25 million deaths. That
total is both civilians and soldiers. The total
number of civilians and soldiers killed that
lived or fought for the Allied Countries was
approximately more than 39 million deaths. The
total number of civilians and soldiers from the
Axis countries was more than 8 million deaths.
The total amount of people that died during WW2
is approximately 48,231,700 deaths.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
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