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Gandhi and Indian Independence

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Gandhi and Indian Independence ... Nana Sahib Textile WWI Rise in Nationalism Broken Promises Gandhi and Indian Independence What were Gandhi s Main Goals? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gandhi and Indian Independence


1
Gandhi and Indian Independence
  • Goals
  • Continually analyze key events in Indian path to
    Independence
  • Assess Gandhis leadership qualities and methods

C-5 demonstrate an understanding of concepts
2
Civil Rights Movement
  • Look at the following pictures from the Civil
    Rights Movement

3
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8
Pictures of the Movement
  • What are some observations of the pictures?
  • Why do you think the Civil Rights Movement was
    effective?
  • Would it have been effective if the protestors
    took a different approach?
  • Why or why not?

9
  • The British want us to put the struggle on the
    plane of machine gunsOur only assurance of
    beating them is to keep itwhere we have the
    weapons and they have not. - Gandhi
  • What is meant by this quote from Gandhi?

10
Mohandas Gandhi
Champion of civil disobedience or satyagraha
11
What was going on in India in early 1900s?
  • Caste system
  • Imperialism - British control
  • Sepoy Mutiny
  • East India Company
  • Cawnpore Massacres - Nana Sahib
  • Textile
  • WWI
  • Rise in Nationalism
  • Broken Promises

12
Gandhi and Indian Independence
What were Gandhis Main Goals? What strategies
did Gandhi use to attempt to achieve these goals?
13
  • What do Gandhis goals seem to be?
  • Non-violence
  • Independence from Britain
  • Religious unity (Hindu and Muslim)
  • End to untouchability
  • Achieved through satyagraha (truth force /
    civil disobedience)
  • Ex. refused to buy British goods, attend British
    schools, pay taxes, vote in elections, etc

14
Reading Questions
  • What event sparked Gandhis movement for equal
    rights?
  • How was the Salt March an example of civil
    disobedience?
  • What was the Government of India Act?
  • Identify the following people.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah

15
Use in a sentence
AMRITSAR GENERAL DYER ROWLATT ACT Connect
these three words in a well-written sentence (or
two) that explains their combined significance.
16
Amritsar Massacre Watch the following scene and
answer the questions with your neighbor at the
end of the scene.
17
Picture Analysis
18
Letter to Lord Irwin
Gandhi writes a letter directly to Lord
Irwin. The letter has multiple purposes what
are they? Read and Highlight the document.
19
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22
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23
Consider the message of the song
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vcLTYMN8iD00
24
Knowledge Underline the most important verse of
the song Comprehension Summarize the main
message of the song Application Identify
examples of ways that the Indian Independence
Movement might have acted on the songs
message Analysis Discuss the pros and cons of
following such a strategy as promoted by the
song Synthesis Connect the message of the song
to other events in history or in your life. Would
the advice be effective then? Evaluation Would
you recommend this song as advice to the other
Independence groups? Create Create a slogan
for the Indian Independence Movement.
25
Gandhi Wrap-Up Questions
Is non-violent civil disobedience active or
passive? Is it courageous or cowardly? When
might it not be effective? How powerful is
Gandhi? How does his power differ from the usual
definition of power?
26
Review the Overall Impact of Gandhi through MC
Yogi http//www.youtube.com/watch?v1Qd-fAnHjPg
27
W.W.G.S? (What would Gandhi Say?)
  • Consider what Gandhi would say about modern
    India.
  • Make a list of POSITIVES and NEGATIVES

28
Closure
From what we know Write down three of Gandhis
most successful leadership traits. If you were
there would you have been supportive of
Gandhis strategy? How would you have differed
from his ideas?
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