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Revelation 8-9

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Title: Revelation 6 Author: Brad Cole Last modified by: Brad Cole Created Date: 2/28/2013 3:59:07 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Revelation 8-9


1
Revelation 8-9
  • The Seven Trumpets

2
Cycles of Seven
3
Cosmic Conflict theme (Rev. 12-14)
4
Revelation 12-14 Heaven
  • The war broke out in heaven. Michael and his
    angels fought against the dragon, who fought back
    with his angels but the dragon was defeated, and
    he and his angels were not allowed to stay in
    heaven any longer. The huge dragon was thrown out
    that ancient serpent, named the Devil, or
    Satan, that deceived the whole world. He was
    thrown down to earth, and all his angels with
    him. (127,8)
  • With his tail he dragged a third of the stars
    out of the sky and threw them down to the earth.
    (124)

5
Revelation 12-14 Earth
  • But how terrible for the earth and the sea! For
    the Devil has come down to you with great wrath
    (1212)
  • he began to pursue the womanfrom his mouth the
    dragon poured out a flood of water after the
    womanthe dragon was furious with the woman
    (1213-17)

6
Revelation 12-14 Earth
  • The beast was allowed to make proud claims which
    were insulting to God.It began to curse God, his
    name, the place were he lives, and all those who
    live in heaven. (Revelation 135,6)
  • The beast forced all the people, small and
    great, rich and poor, slave and free, to have a
    mark (1316)
  • There is no relief day or night for those who
    worship the beast and its image (1411)

7
Imitation the lamb-like beast
  • The dragon gave the beast his own power, his
    throne, and his vast authority. One of the heads
    of the beast seemed to have been fatally wounded
    (wounded to death, violently slaughtered),
    but the wound had healed. The whole earth was
    amazed and followed the beast. Everyone worshiped
    the dragon (Revelation 132-4)

8
Followers of the Lamb
  • those who obey Gods commandments and are
    faithful to the truth revealed by Jesus.
    (Revelation 1217)
  • I am a servant together with you and with other
    believers, all those who hold to the truth that
    Jesus revealed. Worship God! For the truth that
    Jesus revealed is what inspires the prophets.
    (Revelation 1910)
  • I also saw the souls of those who had been
    executed because they had proclaimed the truth
    that Jesus revealed and the word of God.
    (Revelation 204)

9
Summary Throne room scene
  • God as power and as Creator
  • Praised by the 4 living creatures, 72 elders
  • The middle of the throne is the violently
    slaughtered Lamb
  • Praised by thousands and millionsall beings
    in the universe

10
7 Seals
  • 1. Well, no wonder! Even Satan can disguise
    himself to look like an angel of light! (2
    Corinthians 1114)
  • 2. War
  • 3. Hunger/poverty
  • 4. Death
  • 5. Where are you God?
  • 6. Two Groups
  • 7. Silence in Heaven 

11
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12
  • dramatic motion picture analogy whose
    individual scenes portray the same person or
    action each time from a different angle or
    perspective, while simultaneously adding some new
    insight to the whole.
  • Elisabeth Fiorenza, Revelation of a Just World
    Vision, pg. 33

13
7 Trumpets overwhelming agreement?
  • judgments God will pour out the unsaved world
    (Osborne)
  • actual judgments on the majority of earths
    inhabitants (Beale)
  • Gods covenant curses on His enemies
    (LaRondelle)
  • The primary focus is on punitive judgment
    (Paulien)
  • righteous judgments and vengeance upon those
    who viciously harassed and oppressed the
    faithful (Stefanovic)

14
7 Trumpets
  • The first angel sounded, and there followed hail
    and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast
    upon the earth and the third part of trees was
    burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.
  • And the second angel sounded, and as it were a
    great mountain burning with fire was cast into
    the sea and the third part of the sea became
    blood And the third part of the creatures which
    were in the sea, and had life, died and the
    third part of the ships were destroyed.
    (Revelation 87-9)

15
7 Trumpets
  • Then the third angel blew his trumpet. A large
    star, burning like a torch, dropped from the sky
    and fell on a third of the rivers and on the
    springs of water. (The name of the star is
    "Bitterness.") A third of the water turned
    bitter, and many people died from drinking the
    water, because it had turned bitter. (Revelation
    810-11)
  • a great blazing star, See Isaiah 1412

16
Isaiah 1412-20A Funeral Poem
  • How you are fallen from heaven,
  • O Shining one, son of Dawn!
  • How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid
    the nations low!

17
  • You said in your heart,
  • "I will ascend to heaven
  • I will raise my throne above the stars of
    God
  • I will sit on the mount of assembly on the
    heights of Zaphon
  • I will ascend to the tops of the clouds,
  • I will make myself like the Most High.

18
  • But you are brought down to Sheol,
  • to the depths of the Abyss.
  • Those who see you will stare at you,
  • and ponder over you
  • Is this the one
  • who made the earth tremble,
  • who shook kingdoms,
  • who made the world like a desert
  • and overthrew its cities,
  • who would not let his prisoners go home?

19
  • All the kings of the nations lie in glory, each
    in his own tomb
  • but you are cast out,
  • away from your grave,
  • like loathsome carrion,
  • clothed with the dead,
  • those pierced by the sword,
  • who go down to the stones of the Pit, like a
    corpse trampled underfoot.

20
  • You will not be joined with them in burial,
    because
  • you have destroyed your land,
  • you have killed your people.

21
Isaiah and Revelation
  • Isaiah Revelation
  • Great Star
  • Heaven
  • Fierce struggle
  • Fallen
  • Earth
  • Pit/abyss
  • Destroyer

22
7 Trumpets
  • Then the fourth angel blew his trumpet. A third
    of the sun was struck, and a third of the moon,
    and a third of the stars, so that their light
    lost a third of its brightness there was no
    light during a third of the day and a third of
    the night also. (Revelation 812)
  • 14 times 1/3 in the trumpet sequence

23
  • The little horn grew strong enough to attack
    the army of heaven, the stars themselves, and it
    threw some of them to the ground and trampled on
    them. (Daniel 810)
  • The little horn even defied the Prince of the
    heavenly armyand true religion (truth) was
    thrown to the ground. The horn was successful in
    everything it did. (Daniel 811-12)

24
7 Trumpets
  • Then the fifth angel blew his trumpet. I saw a
    star which had fallen down to the earth, and it
    was given the key to the abyss. The star opened
    the abyss, and smoke poured out of it, like the
    smoke from a large furnace the sunlight and the
    air were darkened by the smoke from the abyss.
    Locusts came down out of the smoke upon the
    earth, and they were given the same kind of power
    that scorpions have (Revelation 92-3).

25
Locusts from the north
  • Joels locust army comes from the north (Joel
    220).
  • The north is contested territory in the Bible
  • The bright morning starYou thought you would
    sit like a king on the mountain in the north
    where the gods assemble (Isaiah 1413).
  • Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole
    earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north,
    the city of the great King. (Psalm 482)
  • Gog, who personifies the forces that are hostile
    to God, will set out to come from your place in
    the far north, leading a large, powerful army of
    soldiers from many nations, all of them on
    horseback (Ezekiel 3814, 15).

26
Locusts
  • The locusts looked like horses ready for battle
    on their heads they had what seemed to be crowns
    of gold, and their faces were like human faces.
    Their hair was like women's hair, their teeth
    were like lions' teeth. Their chests were covered
    with what looked like iron breastplates, and the
    sound made by their wings was like the noise of
    many horse-drawn chariots rushing into battle.
    They have tails and stings like those of a
    scorpion, and it is with their tails that they
    have the power to hurt people (Revelation
    97-10).

27
  • They have a king ruling over them, who is the
    angel in charge of the abyss. His name in Hebrew
    is Abaddon in Greek the name is Apollyon
    (meaning The Destroyer) (Revelation 911).

28
  • locusts that looked like horses (Revelation
    97) their power is in their mouths and also in
    their tails. Their tails are like snakes with
    heads, and they use them to hurt people"
    (Revelation 919).
  • God ...will cut them off, head and tail. The old
    and honorable men are the head - and the tail is
    the prophets whose teachings are lies (Isaiah
    915). 
  • The power of these enemy forces came from the
    lies and falsehoods they promoted, symbolized by
    the smoke coming from their mouths and their
    tails being like snakes, which were able to
    inflict injury. (Revelation 919, Tim Jennings)

29
7 Trumpets
  • Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet. I heard a
    voice coming from the four corners of the gold
    altar standing before God. The voice said to the
    sixth angel, Release the four angels who are
    bound at the great Euphrates River! The four
    angels were released for this very hour of this
    very day of this very month and year they had
    been kept ready to kill a third of all the human
    race. (Revelation 913-15)

30
7 Trumpets
  • The locusts were too many to count (Joel 16).
  • I was told the number of the mounted troops it
    was two hundred million. And in my vision I saw
    the horses and their riders they had
    breastplates red as fire, blue as sapphire, and
    yellow as sulfur. The horses' heads were like
    lions' heads, and from their mouths came out
    fire, smoke, and sulfur. A third of the human
    race was killed by those three plagues the fire,
    the smoke, and the sulfur coming out of the
    horses' mouths. (Revelation 916-18)

31
Numerical Patterns with theological significance
  • Seven beatitudes
  • Seven times the word Christ or Messiah
  • Seven times God and the Lamb
  • Seven times Christ reassures us that I am
    coming
  • Seven times, The LORD God Almighty
  • Seven times, The One who sits on the throne
  • Seven times, the witness of Jesus
  • Seven times, the witnesses of Jesus
  • Seven times in total three phrases are used to
    describe God that are each considered to be
    equivalent
  • the Alpha and the Omega
  • the beginning and the end
  • the first and the last

32
The Trumpets a third
  • When the influence of Revelation 12 is felt on
    prior passages in Revelation, the thrust of the
    recurring third suggests a sense that will not
    be a reference to quantity, in answer to the
    questions probing for what or where or how
    much. It must also be seen as a qualitative
    reference, an answer to the question, who? With
    an eye on the beginning, the thirds under the
    trumpets serve as a signifier of agency and
    therefore as a telltale sign of demonic activity.
    The revelator perceives in these thirds the
    fingerprint of Satan on all the instances of
    disaster and suffering that he catalogues, and he
    purposes to feature them by invoking the original
    satanic trademark, whose tail swept down a third
    of the stars of heaven (124). Tonstad,
    Saving Gods Reputation, pg. 112

33
7 Trumpets
  • The critical and distinctive point in this
    perception of the narrative is that before
    Revelation tells of the end of Satan, the reader
    is informed of the character of his activity,
    telling the story again and again from new a
    progressively revealing angles. In the trumpet
    sequence it is his activity that is depicted, in
    contrast to views that see the calamities
    accompanying the trumpets primarily as Gods
    judgments on human beings who are disobedient.
    Tonstad, pg. 110

34
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35
2 Types of Punishment
  • Discipline
  • I will discipline you, but with justice I
    cannot let you go unpunished (Jeremiah 3011
    NLT) .
  • Retributive

36
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37
The Flood Retribution?
  • Noah had no faults and was the only good man of
    his time. He lived in fellowship with God, but
    everyone else was evil in Gods sight, and
    violence had spread everywhere. God looked at the
    world and saw that it was evil, for the people
    were all living evil lives. (Genesis 69-12)
  • The LORD said to Noah, Go into the boat with
    your whole family I have found that you are the
    only one in all the world who does what is right
    (Genesis 71)

38
Sin pays the wage
  • You have brought this on yourself by abandoning
    the LORD your God when he led you on his wayYour
    own wickedness will correct you, and your
    unfaithful ways will punish you. You should know
    and see how evil and bitter it is for you if you
    abandon the LORD your God... (Jeremiah 217-19) 
  • Judah, you have brought this on yourself by the
    way you have lived and by the things you have
    done. Your sin has caused this suffering it has
    stabbed you through the heart. (Jeremiah 418)

39
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