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Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Project

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Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Project Overview NWS SSD and NASA/SPoRT Meeting 3 March, 2010 Mission: Apply unique NASA Earth science research ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Project


1
Short-term Prediction Research and Transition
(SPoRT) Project
  • Overview

NWS SSD and NASA/SPoRT Meeting 3 March, 2010
2
Mission Apply unique NASA Earth science research
and observations to improve the accuracy of
short-term (0-24 hr) weather prediction at the
regional and local scale work mainly with WFOs
  • History of SPoRT Products to WFOs
  • Exploit NASA EOS data for weather applications
    through direct broadcast
  • First MODIS image in AWIPS in Feb 03 suite of
    products to 3 WFOs
  • LMA data to HSV in Apr 03 improve lead time for
    occurrence of severe weather
  • MODIS suite expanded to include coastal WFOs who
    were excited about high resolution SSTs leading
    to MODIS SST composite
  • Share tools with extended product dissemination
    efforts (e.g. Univ. of Wisconsin)
  • MODIS SSTs and AIRS profiles and radiances used
    to improve initializations for weather
    forecasting models resulting in improved
    forecasts
  • Current State of SPoRT Products
  • Over 30 products from MODIS, AMSR-E, AIRS, NALMA,
    GOES in AWIPS - 15 WFOs, in use by HWT
  • MODIS SSTs incorporated into V3 of WRF EMS

http//weather.msfc.nasa.gov/sport
http//weather.msfc.nasa.gov/sp
ortblog
3
SPoRT Paradigm / Forecast Problems
  • We dont just throw unique data over the fence
    to an end user!
  • SPoRT Paradigm
  • match observations/capabilities to forecast
    problems
  • develop / assess solution in testbed,
    transition to decision support system
  • conduct training, product assessment and impact
  • Southern Region Forecast Problems
  • timing and location of severe weather
  • morning minimum temperatures (and its local
    variations)
  • detection and monitoring of fog, smoke, fires
  • coastal weather processes (sea breeze convection
    / temperatures)
  • development / movement of off-shore precipitation
    processes tropical systems
  • gap filler in data void regions atmospheric
    rivers of moisture

4
Products to End Users
INSTRUMENT / PRODUCT RESOLUTION END USER DSS FORMAT

MODIS
Ch. Imagery (vis, 3.9, 6.7, 11 µm) 4 km, 1 km, 500 m (state), 250 m (WFO scale) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
Multispectral composite images natural/false color 4 km (CONUS), 1km (regional), 500m (state) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
Derived image products
clouds (mask, CTP, phase) 4 km (CONUS) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
fog / low cloud (11 3.9 µm ) 4 km (CONUS), 1 km (regional) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
LST, SST, LI, TPW 4 km (CONUS), 1 km (regional) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
Temporal composite images
SST, chlorophyll 4 km, 2 km, 1 km HWT, WFOs AWIPS, II, others netCDF, GRiB
Non-image data
fire and burn areas CONUS WFOs AWIPS II shape file
AMSR-E
Rain rate, cloud water 5 km (CONUS) 21 km WFOs AWIPSII netCDF
SSTs 38 km (CONUS) WFOs AWIPS netCDF
Total lightning data
NALMA/DCLMA total lightning source densities 2 km / 2 minutes 1 km/ 1 minute Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, GRiB
5
Products to End Users
INSTRUMENT / PRODUCT RESOLUTION END USER DSS FORMAT

Combined Instrument products
MODIS/AMSR-E SST composite 1 km (NA coastal regions) Coastal WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
POES/GOES SSTs 9 km (NH) TWC / WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
Blended TPW (from CIRA) 16 km (NH) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
MIMIC TPW (from UW) 10 (NH) The Weather Channel --- GeoTIFF
GOES
Channel imagery(vis, IR,WV) 1 km, 4 km The Weather Channel --- GeoTIFF
Aviation products (fog depth, icing, cloud base -NESDIS) 4 km (CONUS) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII netCDF, McIDAS
GOES-R
GLM proxy extent density 10 km / 2 minutes SPoRT AWIPSII GRiB
ABI proxy imagery (vis, IR, WV) 500 m, 1 km SPoRT AWIPSII McIDAS
Miscellaneous
WRF LIS daily forecasts w/ MODIS SSTs (NSSL/HWT) 4 km (CONUS) Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII GRiB
Surface analysis (T, Td, RH, wind, SSTs) SPoRT ADAS 2 km Selected WFOs AWIPS, AWIPSII GRiB
6
SPoRT MOU with NWS SR
  • Collaboration between NASA / MSFC / SPoRT and the
    NWS / SR is guided by a MOU between these two
    organizations. Original Memo was renewed in
    June 2009. Responsibilities include
  • NOAA/NWS/SR
  • Support the collaboration between NASA and
    selected SR WFOs by hosting NASA data sets on SR
    computer systems and encouraging WFO
    participation in NASA/MSFC program activities
  • Allow for in-kind support of the SPoRT program
    objectives by forecasters, SOOs, and ITOs at
    individual WFOs that have agreed to collaborate
    with NASA
  • NASA / MSFC
  • Provide in-kind support for WFO access to unique
    real-time NASA data sets, numerical modeling,
    data assimilation, and nowcasting capabilities
  • Work with NWS staff to make these products
    available in AWIPS /AWIPS II
  • Provide training on the use of new and unique
    NASA products
  • Conduct regular collaborative workshops which
    bring WFO forecasters, SOOs, and other technical
    staff from the SR together with NASA scientists
    to improve the knowledge and understanding of
    advanced weather forecasting techniques of the
    NWS/SR staff

7
SPoRT Science Advisory Committee
  • Represent beneficiaries, partners, end users -
    diversity
  • Knowledgeable of research to transition
    activities and NASA observational and research
    capabilities
  • Representatives from operational and research
    partners (NWS, NESDIS, NCEP)
  • Nominated by SAC / SPoRT and approved by HQs
    Program Manager
  • 7-10 members
  • Serve through 2-3 SAC reviews for continuity
  • Major activities
  • Serve as a knowledge resource on short-term
    weather prediction, satellite data and derived
    products, mesoscale modeling, data assimilation
    issues, short-term weather forecasting and their
    impact on operational weather forecasting
    activities
  • Provide scientific guidance and direction for
    future SPoRT activities including transitional
    activities and supporting research, and new
    collaborations and partnerships
  • Participate in biennial reviews leading to
    report on program / project recommendations

8
Team Structure and Staff
4.5 Government FTEs 7.5 Research Associates
WYEs
9
Metrics
  • Evaluate accomplishments through the use of
    program metrics
  • Publications
  • Peer reviewed on new research and transitional
    capabilities and techniques
  • Publication of transitional results and
    assessments are appropriate although not always
    in peer-reviewed publications
  • Successful transitions
  • New products and research capabilities in end
    users decision support systems
  • Impact of NASA data / capabilities rather than
    number of transitions is important
  • Community recognition
  • Peer recognition as a community partner and
    place to go for the transition of research
    capabilities to the operational weather community
  • Others adopting the SPoRT paradigm
  • Reviews by outside committees
  • Biennial reviews by the SPoRT Science Advisory
    Committee

10
General Accomplishments
  • Publications in the last 3 years alone
  • Peer-reviewed journal (9) observational
    techniques and model forecasts
  • Conference papers / presentations (58) AMS,
    AGU, NWA, workshops
  • Numerous product assessment by partners / end
    users and gt70 blog posts on usage of NASA data to
    address forecast problems
  • EOS products in operations
  • Expansion of WFOs from 7 to 15, suite of 30
    products and visualization capabilities
  • More effective data dissemination methods to end
    users
  • Use of NWS regional LDM servers vs. individual
    FTP
  • MODIS/AMSR-E SST composite default for WRF-EMS
    software
  • Assessments
  • Increased partner collaboration in last year with
    four separate assessment reports, numerous
    product use surveys
  • Training
  • Web-based modules for MODIS, LMA, CIRA Blended
    TPW, GOES Aviation products
  • Short, science lectures delivered during 9 site
    WFO visits and via bi-monthly coordination calls
    on topics of MODIS, AMSR-E, LIS, LMA, WRF-EMS,
    and GOES Aviation

11
Outreach
  • Outreach via web, blog, Facebook - more
    visibility to external community
  • Revamped SPoRT website , Wide World of SPoRT blog
    in (over 100 posts since March 2009), gt100
    Facebook fans (mainly NWS)
  • Utilized MSFC PAO to produce science_at_nasa
    articles, NASA Spinoff magazine stories, and
    other news stories
  • Miscellaneous
  • Provide quarterly progress reports to 150 sport
    fans
  • Communicate progress and direction through the
    strategic plan and biennial reports
  • Strengthen SPoRT staff lightning , liaison,
    data assimilation 2 civil service, 1 ENSCO, 2
    UAH, Raytheon
  • Re-established NASA/NOAA MOU for SPoRT
    collaboration NWS hiring a shared NWS/NASA
    transition scientist

12
SPoRT -- Successful Paradigm and Project
  • SPoRT success made possible by
  • Dedicate NASA, NOAA/NWS visionaries
  • Conscientious NWS forecasters
  • Brilliant NASA / NOAA scientists and information
    technology specialists
  • NASA / MSFC and NWS Southern Region leaders who
    saw the value collaborative partnerships
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