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Renaissance

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Renaissance Rebirth of classical learning and culture An explosion of creativity in art, writing, and philosophy that lasted approximately from 1300 1600 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
Renaissance
  • Rebirth of classical learning and culture
  • An explosion of creativity in art, writing, and
    philosophy that lasted approximately from 1300
    1600
  • Began in Italy and gradually spread to the rest
    of Europe
  • Italy had three advantages as the birthplace of
    the Renaissance
  • Thriving cities
  • Wealthy merchant class
  • Classical heritage of Greece and Rome

2
Italian Renaissance Artists
  • Donatello, sculpture, David
  • Leonardo de Vinci, painter, sculpture, scientist,
    Mona Lisa, Last Supper

3
Italian Renaissance Artists, cont.
  • Raphael, painter, promoter of realism in works
  • Michelangelo, painter, sculptor, architect, poet,
    Sistine Chapel, Statue of David

4
Northern European Artists
  • Rembrandt, Dutch

5
Literature
  • Focused on humanism, about the potential of human
    achievement
  • Dantes Divine Comedy, describing the Inferno or
    hell is part of it
  • Spirit of Renaissance was secular worldly
    rather than spiritual
  • Writers wrote in the vernacular or native
    languages
  • Some women writers during the Renaissance
  • Machiavellis The Prince is a politicians guide
    book on how to rule
  • Later in England William Shakespeare, the most
    famous writer of this era in England

6
Philosophy
  • Humanistic movement focusing on the potential of
    human intellect and achievement
  • Greater emphasis on secularism, worldly rather
    than spiritual
  • Italian humanists were interested in reviving
    interest in classical studies
  • Northern European humanists sought reform in
    society and promoted education
  • Desiderius Erasmus of Holland and Thomas More of
    England were some of the better known
    philosophers

7
Scientific Contributions of the Renaissance
  • Anatomy of humans was of great interest to the
    artist
  • Renewed interest in all aspects of science
  • Invention of Johann Guttenbergs printing press
    revolutionizes the availability of written works
  • Renewed interest in arts and science led the way
    to the Scientific Revolution
  • New discoveries were published leading to more
    investigation and discovery
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