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RENAISSANCE%20ART

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Title: RENAISSANCE%20ART


1
RENAISSANCE ART
2
Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Art
  • During the medieval period, the dominant theme of
    art was the glory of God and his authority over
    humanity.
  • During the Renaissance with the influence of
    humanists, human beings were portrayed as the
    central figures in life on earth.

3
Art of the Middle Ages
  • Icon with the virgin Hodegetria
    Thessalonike,Greece 1360-70
  • Byzantine depiction of crucifixion, artist
    unknown

4
More art of Middle Ages (Romanesque)
Christ and the adoration of the Magi, Master of
Pedret. Spain 1100 CE
5
Gothic Art
Jean Pucelle, The betrayal of Christ and
Annunciation, 1325-1328
6
Characteristics of renaissance Art
  • Influenced by artistic achievements of classical
    Greece and Rome, especially in sculpture and
    architecture.
  • Early Renaissance painters treated religious
    themes with a lifelike approach.
  • Later Renaissance painters also employed a
    realistic style and continued to recreate
    biblical events.

7
Realism and Perspective
  • Painting in the Renaissance marked a dramatic
    change in the way artists perceived their
    subjects.
  • Emphasized realism, attention to detail, and
    desire for perfection.
  • The technique artists used to achieve realism in
    Renaissance painting is known as perspective.

8
Dimension and Perspective
  • Through perspective, artists created the illusion
    of a three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional
    surface.
  • Through the use of light and shadow, artists try
    to make feelings and ideas show in the face and
    body.
  • Portrait of Jacopo Strada

9
Renaissance Painting
  • Perspective representing correct spatial
    relationships using various scientific methods
    and mathematics to correctly show distance and
    proportion
  • In 1435, Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472)
    credited with describing linear perspective
  • The painter is now painting
  • for the viewer not for God?

10
Giotto di Bondone 1267-1337 the missing link
  • Giotto introduced perspective to his art which
    was still dominated by Christian themes
  • His work becomes more elaborate and both
    foreground and background are given intense
    detail and tell more complex stories

11
Giotto, Madonna Enthroned 1310, Uffizi, Florence
12
Giotto, Meeting at the Golden gate, 1304-1306
13
Perspective Ceiling of Camera Andrea Mantegna,
Ducal Palace, Mantua 1471-74
14
Humanism in the Art World
  • Humanism also hit the art world during the
    Renaissance.
  • New works of art were modeled on classical Greek
    and Roman sculpture, and painting.
  • Authors and artists of the Renaissance took
    classical works as philosophical models of
    reason, intelligence, and taste.

15
Art of the Renaissance
  • Renaissance art is uplifting because of the
    expression of profound emotion.
  • The subjects, both human and divine, show a new
    interest in naturalism.
  • When looking at Renaissance art, landscapes are
    often used as background, and is rarely used as a
    main subject of a work of art.

16
The Human Figure
  • Artists began to look at the human figure as an
    object of beauty.
  • Renaissance artists sought to convey the illusion
    of movement
  • Realistic representation was important

17
The Human Figure
  • Correct symmetry and proportion were essential in
    Renaissance Art.
  • People were measured with calipers to get the
    right proportions.
  • Leonardo da Vinci worked with physicians to
    dissect cadavers.
  • Fire in the Borgo by Raphael

18
Michelangelo
  • Sculptor, painter, architect.he is the best
    example of a tortured artist.
  • The Pope commissioned Michelangelo to paint the
    Sistine Chapel which took 4 years to complete.
  • Sistine Chapel is a fresco (painted on plaster.

19
Michelangelo Buonarotti The Sistine Chapel
1508-1512, Vatican, Rome Michelangelos design
Commissioned by the papacy,
20
Sistine Chapel Adam Eve
21
Sistine Chapel Creation of sun and moon
22
Michelangelo David
23
Michelangelo
24
Raphael
  • The Rock-Star of Renaissance painters. He was
    a party-boy who loved life. Died at a young age.
  • Two of his principal teachers were Michelangelo
    and Leonardo

25
Raphael
  • The Madonna and child was the number one subject
    matter during this time period.
  • Post famine art, people are shown healthier,
    larger.

26
Raphael School of Athens
27
Leonardo da Vinci
  • The ultimate Renaissance Man
  • Scientist, artist, architect, inventor
  • Was known for his use of light and dark in his
    art.
  • Two of his greatest works Mona Lisa and The
    Last Supper

28
Leonardos Genius
  • Leonardo was the quintessential Renaissance
    man, a polymath who excelled at many things
    including painting, music, anatomy, sculpture.

29
The last supper
30
Renaissance Art
  • One aspect of the Renaissance that made artwork
    so popular, was that new wealthy merchants and
    princes of the Italian cities supported artists.
  • They served as patrons to artists and
    philosophers, supporting them with approval and
    money.
  • In some cases, patrons invited artists to live
    and work in their palaces.

31
Additional Artists
  • El Greco Greek who settled in Spain Painted
    religious scenes such as the Assumption, and
    portraits of church officials.
  • Rembrandt Dutch considered greatest painter
    of northern Europe effectively used contrast of
    light and shadow to depict everyday life.
  • Rubens Flemish noted for brilliant colors,
    known for Adoration of the Magi

32
Hieronymous Bosch The Garden of Earthly
Delights 1510, Netherlands
33
Jan Van Eyck The Arnolfini Portrait 1434
34
Hans Holbein, the younger The Ambassadors 1533
35
The Art today
  • Renaissance art continues to evoke admiration
    today, as it attracts tourists to western Europe
    to visit museums, churches and galleries to view
    these beautiful works.
  • In 1967 a da Vinci painting was purchased by
    Washingtons National Gallery of Art for a
    reputed record price of between 5 and 6 million.
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