After the Test ? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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After the Test ?

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Title: Scientific Revolution Author: gwynn.neagle Last modified by: Varghese, Rachel L. Created Date: 10/20/2009 7:18:52 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: After the Test ?


1
After the Test ?
  • Turn to p. 142-144 in the MANUAL, read The
    Scientific Revolution and work on the crossword
    puzzle.
  • Beginning of Unit 5 (these three pages arent
    numbered, look for p. 141)..

2
Roman Numerals Quiz
  • Wait for instructions before beginning

3
Have HW on desk ?
  • P. 142-144,
  • Scientific Revolution Crossword Puzzle

4
Unit 5 deals with REVOLUTIONS
  • As a brief overview
  • There are 4 topics in this unit
  • 1. The Scientific Revolution
  • 2. The Enlightenment (Age of Reason)
  • 3. The American Revolution Federalism
  • 4. The French Revolution Napoleon
  • Welcome to MODERN HISTORY ?

5
Unit 5 The Era of Revolutions Topic 1 The
Scientific Revolution
6
MAKE A LISTWrite down at least 5 things in your
life that make your life better, but that you
might not be able to create on your own. Ex I
LOVE my coffee maker, but there is no way I could
create it from scratch.
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • Turning Points in History- The Scientific
    Revolution (4 min.)

7
Old Views before the Scientific Revolution
  • Aristotle- 300 BC, Greek philosopher theorized
    Geocentric Theory
  • Ptolemy - 2nd Century AD, Greek astronomer agreed
    w/ Aristotle
  • Geocentric Theory the earth is center of
    universe
  • Universe made up of 10 spheres, earth in center
  • All planets/stars move in fixed orbits

8
Geocentric Theory
9
Ptolemys Universe
10
Keep in mind.
  • The church backed up the Geocentric Theory.
  • Biblically, Creationism describes the earth being
    created, thus it made sense to people that that
    earth WAS the CENTER of everything because there
    was a description of God creating it.
  • The Roman Catholic Church was the SOURCE of power
    at this time.

11
Copernicus- 1500s
  • Polish astronomer
  • Heliocentric Theory the sun is center of
    universe
  • Earth and other planets rotate around sun
  • Earth rotates on axis
  • Church wasnt worried- JUST a theory, no absolute
    proof

12
Kepler
  • German astronomer/mathematician
  • Confirmed Copernicus ideas
  • Proved planets had elliptical (oval) orbits
    around sun, not circular

13
Galileo (clip)
  • Lived in Florence, Italy
  • Built a telescope to observe surface of moon
  • Inspired by Dutch eyeglass maker
  • found moon wasnt flat
  • Saw moons orbiting around Jupiter, sunspots, etc.
  • PROVED Copernicus Heliocentric theories CORRECT
  • Greatly published his findings called before
    Inquisition (Roman Catholic Church court)
  • Forced to recant- lived last years of his life
    under house arrest and was also blind

14
Primary SourceOn the Motion of the Heart and
Blood
  • Read On the Motion of the Heart and Blood,
    written by William Harvey who was the personal
    physician to the kings of England (1578-1657) p.
    145 in the manual
  • Answer the three reading questions.

15
Isaac Newton
  • English physics/mathematics professor
  • Wrote Principia (3 laws of motion)
  • Universal law of gravity
  • Calculus
  • Saw world as machine with laws always operating
    the same way
  • READ laws of motion to the right

16
Rene Descartes ( Day-cart)
  • French thinker and mathematician
  • Emphasis on doubt and reason
  • Doubt something- if you cant prove it.
  • I think, therefore I am
  • Famous quote proving he exists because he is
    alive to question his existence.
  • Father of modern rationalism
  • clip

17
Inductive Reasoning andScientific Method
18
Medicine
  • Galen 2nd Century physician
  • Relied on animal rather than human dissection
  • Vesalius 16th Century physician
  • Dissected human cadavers for better understanding
    of human anatomy
  • Harvey
  • Proved heart center of circulation system
  • Proved arteries and veins pump same type of blood

19
(No Transcript)
20
Chemistry
  • Van Leeuwenhoek-
  • improved the 1st microscope
  • Boyles Law
  • volume of gas varies with amount of pressure put
    on it
  • Defined an element
  • Lavoisier
  • system of naming chemical elements

21
Sir Francis Bacon
  • English thinker
  • Scientific method
  • systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing
    evidence
  • Inductive method/empiricism
  • small to large, observe, experiment, test
    hypothesis

22
Trial of Galileo
Trial of Galileo
  • You will choose a side!
  • Complete the handout on p.146.
  • 3. Use p. 572 in your textbook.

23
(No Transcript)
24
Earn 5 points on the Unit 5 TEST
  • Complete a Scientific experiment using the
    Scientific Method.
  • -My favorite experiment is how to fit
    an unbroken egg into a glass bottle
  • - some students experiment on the
    scientific properties in which soda makes the
    most fizz when a mentos is added, etc.

25
Extra Credit An experiment !!!!!!!!
  • Use the steps of the Scientific Method
  • Choose an experiment to do at home
  • Should be Controlled, relatively simple, safe,
    and ethical !!!!!!!!!!!!!
  • LENGTH Should be at least 1 page written and 1
    page for visual
  • Choose experiment, document your question, and
    form a hypothesis.
  • Document your experiment and results
  • - Walk us through all the steps
  • Dont falsify data if experiment doesnt go how
    you expected.
  • - What happened? What did you learn to do next
    time?
  • Create a visual to show the steps of your
    experiment
  • - Be creative !!!!
  • - Have a title for your experiment, visuals
    must be in color, must be NEAT, spelled
    correctly..create on computer if your
    handwriting is illegible.
  • - This needs to be created by you , based
    on your experiment.
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