American Romanticism 1800 - 1860 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – American Romanticism 1800 - 1860 PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 77cd58-MTJiO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

American Romanticism 1800 - 1860

Description:

American Romanticism 1800 - 1860 We will walk with our own feet we will work with our own hands we will speak our own minds-Ralph Waldo Emerson Adapted from www ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:100
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 16
Provided by: lizr161
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: American Romanticism 1800 - 1860


1
American Romanticism 1800 - 1860
  • We will walk with our own feet
  • we will work with our own hands
  • we will speak our own minds
  • -Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Adapted from www.newauburn.k12.wi.us
  • and filebox.vt.edu/users/kheiser

2
Political and Social Milestones
  • The Louisiana Purchase - 1803
  • The Gold Rush - 1849
  • Education and Reform

3
Rationalism vs Romanticism
  • The rationalists believed the city to be a place
    to find success and self-realization
  • The romantics associated the countryside with
    independence, moral clarity, and healthful living.

4
Characteristics of American Romanticism
  • Values feeling and intuition over reason
  • Places faith in inner experience and the power of
    the imagination
  • Shuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks
    unspoiled nature
  • Prefers youthful innocence to educated
    sophistication
  • Champions individual freedom and the worth of the
    individual
  • Contemplates natures beauty as a path to
    spiritual and moral development

5
Characteristics (continued)
  • Looks backward to the wisdom of the past and
    distrusts progress
  • Finds beauty and truth in exotic locals, the
    supernatural realm, and the inner world of the
    imagination
  • Sees poetry as the highest expression of the
    imagination
  • Finds inspiration in myth, legend, and fold
    culture

6
Rising to higher truths
  • through the exploration of the past and of
    exotic, even supernatural, realms--the Gothic
    novel--old legends and folklore
  • through the contemplation of the natural
    world--lyric poetry--its underlying beauty and
    truth

7
Romantic Techniques
  • Remoteness of setting in time and place.
  • Improbable plots.
  • Unlikely characterization.
  • Informal writing style.
  • Experiments in new forms.
  • Individualized form of writing.

8
The New American Novel
  • James Fenimore Cooper
  • Natty Bumpo - new kind of hero
  • Triumph of American innocence
  • Popular twenty and twenty-first century Romantic
    heroes

9
New American Novelists
  • Herman Melville - (ex-sailor) wrote Moby Dick
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne - wrote The Scarlet Letter
  • More a coming of age not a renaissance

10
The Romantic Hero
  • The romantic hero was one of the most important
    products of the early American novel.
  • The rational hero, like Ben Franklin, was
    worldly, educated, sophisticated, and bent on
    making a place for himself in civilization.
  • The typical hero in American Romantic fiction was
    youthful, innocent, intuitive, and close to
    nature.

11
Characteristics of the American Romantic Hero
  • Young or possesses youthful qualities.
  • Innocent and pure of purpose.
  • Has a sense of honor based not on societys rules
    but on some higher principle.
  • Has a knowledge of people and life based on deep,
    intuitive understanding, not on formal learning.
  • Loves nature and avoids town life.
  • Quests for some higher truth in the natural
    world.

12
The Fireside Poets
  • Opposite of novelists - worked within European
    literary traditions
  • Used English themes, meter, imagery with American
    settings and subjects
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf
    Whittier, Oliver Wendel Holmes, James Russell
    Lowell

13
Transcendentalism
  • The idea that in determining the ultimate reality
    of God, the universe, the self, and other
    important matters, one must transcend, or go
    beyond, everyday human experience in the physical
    world.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson influenced by ancient Greek -
    Plato
  • Also based on Puritan belief and Romantics
  • Based on intuition optimistic
  • Henry David Thoreau Emersons close friend

14
The Realm of Darkness
  • Edgar Allen Poe with Hawthorne and Melville known
    and anti-Transcendentalists
  • Had much in common with Trascendentalists
  • Explored conflicts between good and evil,
    psychological effects of guilt and sin, and
    madness

15
Whitman and Dickinson 19th centurys greatest
poets
  • Spoke to the masses
  • Universal brotherhood, democracy
  • Aimed for overall impression, free verse based on
    cadence
  • Obscure homebody
  • In nature, found metaphors for the spirit
  • Meticulous word choice, precise language, evoking
    feelings
About PowerShow.com