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The Punic Wars

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The Punic Wars Foldable Part I First Punic War Why did the Punic Wars begin? Who were the Punic Wars between? How did the Romans over come their weakness at sea? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Punic Wars


1
The Punic Wars
2
Foldable Part I
  • First Punic War
  • Why did the Punic Wars begin?
  • Who were the Punic Wars between?
  • How did the Romans over come their weakness at
    sea?
  • Second Punic War
  • What year did the Second Punic War begin?
  • Who led the Carthaginian army?
  • What did the Carthaginians do because they were
    unable to capture the city of Rome?

3
The First Punic War
  • By 264 B.C., the Romans had conquered some Greek
    city-states in southern Italy, bringing them into
    contact with the Phoenician city of Carthage.

4
The First Punic War
  • Why did the Punic War begin?
  • The Romans felt threatened by the Carthaginians,
    and they also wanted Sicilys granaries.

5
The First Punic War
  • What happened in 264 B.C.E?
  • In 264 B.C., the Romans and Carthaginians clashed
    in a war that lasted for 23 years.
  • It was the first of three wars between Rome and
    Carthage that came to be known as the Punic Wars.

6
The First Punic War
  • Where did Carthages military strength lay? Where
    did Romes?
  • Carthages military strength lay in its navy,
    while Romes lay in its army which defeated the
    Carthaginians.
  • In 241 B.C., the Carthaginians agreed to make
    peace and left Sicily.

7
Hannibal and the Second Punic War
  • What year did the Second Punic War begin?
  • In 218 B.C., the Second Punic War began.
  • Who lead the Carthaginian army?
  • The Carthaginians, led by General Hannibal Barca,
    attacked the Roman army by land from the north.
    He was unable to capture Rome.

8
Hannibal and the Second Punic War
  • Who won the Second Punic War?
  • Then, the Romans attacked Carthage, and Hannibal
    was called home to defend it and he lost his
    first battle.
  • As a result of the second Punic War what was
    Carthage forced to do?
  • In 201 B.C., Carthage agreed to pay Rome a huge
    sum of money and to give up all its territories,
    including Spain.

9
Foldable Part II
  • Third Punic War
  • Describe the events of the Third Punic War.
  • What did the Romans do to keep Corinth from
    gaining power?
  • How did Rome become the leading power in the
    Mediterranean world?

10
The Third Punic War
  • Describe the Events of the Third Punic War
  • To prevent Carthage from gaining power, the
    Romans attacked Carthage in 149 B.C., the Third
    Punic War.
  • In 146 B.C. the Greek city-state of Corinth and
    some of its allies refused to obey a Roman order.

11
The Third Punic War
  • The Romans attacked Corinth and burned it to the
    ground.
  • Rome became the leading power of the
    Mediterranean world.
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