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??????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

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Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) Tracey Melville March 11, 2010 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)


1
??????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? Russian
Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
  • Tracey Melville
  • March 11, 2010

2
The agenda
  • Review Soviet program
  • Roscosmos
  • International cooperation
  • Past missions
  • Current missions
  • Future missions
  • Launch Capabilities

3
Soviet Program
  • October 4, 1957- Sputnik 1 launched as first
    man-made satellite to be put into Earths orbit
  • November 3, 1957- Sputnik 2
  • launched with dog Laika aboard
  • February 12, 1961- Venera-1 launched
  • towards Venus
  • April 12, 1961- Yuri Gagarin first
  • human in space
  • July 16, 1965-first Proton rocket carrying
  • Proton-1 spacecraft launched
  • June 14, 1967- Venera-4, first probe to enter
    atmosphere of Venus launched. Later 7, 9 send
    back info and photos of surface

4
Soviet Program
  • April 19, 1970s- First space station Salyut-1-7.
    Broke many spaceflight records, including several
    mission duration records, the first ever orbital
    handover of a space station from one crew to
    another, and various spacewalk records
  • February 20, 1986- Core module of Mir launched
    (construction completed in 1996. In operated
    until 2001)
  • December 1990- Soviet Union officially dissolved

5
Russian Federal Space Agency/ Roscosmos
  • Formally the Russian Aviation and Space Agency
    (Rosaviacosmos)
  • Formed by Boris Yeltsin on January 25th 1992
  • Director- Anatoly N. Perminov
  • Budget for 2006 was as high as 25 billion rubles
    (900 million USD). Over the next ten years it
    shall increase 5-10 a year (NASA 18.7)
  • In addition to the budget, about 130 billion
    rubles (aprox. 4.5 billion USD) flowing in but
    other means, such as industry investments and
    commercial space launches

6
Locations
  • Headquarters in Moscow
  • Main Mission Control in near-by Korolev
  • Cosmonaut Trainings Training Center (GCTC) in
    Star City
  • Baikonur Cosmodrome in Khazakstan
  • Manned and un-manned launches
  • Pelsetsk Cosmodrome in north Russia
  • Primarily unmanned flights of military
    designation

7
What do Roscosmos do?
  • Besides the obvious stuff
  • Organizes
  • Utilization of technologies for the benefit of
    the Program
  • Certification of the technologies for scientific
    and socioeconomic uses
  • Activities under commercial space projects and
    promotes these projects
  • Joins with the Defense Ministry in launches,
    research, etc.

8
Roscosmos International Cooperation
  • Intergovernmental agreement with more than 19
    states including the USA, Japan, India, Brasilia,
    Sweden, Argentina and the member-states of the
    European Space Agency (ESA)
  • Commercial launch services represent one of the
    most competitive areas of Russian activities.
  • Marketed by the joint ventures of Russian and its
    foreign partners
  • ILS (Russia-USA)
  • STARSEM and EUROCKOT (Russia-EU)
  • GLONASS-Global Navigation Satellite System
    restored in 2009 with the Indian gov. as partner

9
Future missions/projects
  • On the origin and evolution of the universe
  • 2010-Radioastrom and Intnl space
    observatory/ultraviolet- observatory looking at
    radio-astrophysical observations of extragalactic
    objects as well as characteristics of NE and
    interplanetary plasma, processes happening inside
    objects
  • 2013-Gamma-400- dark material
  • 2016- Millimetron- global structure and
    evolution of the universe
  • Planetary
  • Phobos-Grunt-bring back satellite with Mars
    matter sample
  • Venera-D to be launched in 2013 and arrive at
    Venus in 2014 with orbiter, 2 balloons and lander
  • Sun Study
  • 2012-Resonans-Results of the control of
    man-caused impacts on Earth magnetosphere and
    geophysical processes

10
ROCKETS
11
Launch Capabilities small- class launch vehicles
  • Kosmos 3M
  • Based on Soviet era Yangel R-14 IRBM
  • Places satellites in low-Earth orbit
  • 10 mil
  • Rockot
  • used for small commercial and government payloads
  • European access
  • 13-15 mil
  • START-1
  • commercially available launch vehicle for small
    payloads
  • 9 mil
  • Strela
  • Similar to the Rockot, but has fewer
    modifications

12
Launch Capabilities medium-class launch vehicles
  • Dnepr
  • Orbital launch vehicle
  • 17.5 per launch
  • Soyuz
  • The R-7 Semyorka ICBM was the rocket that
    launched Spunik 1 into orbit
  • Eventually variants launched Yuri Gagarin into
    orbit in the two-seater Voskhod spacecraft
  • Makes two trips to the ISS every year
  • Launches payloads for commercial customers
  • 40mil per launch

13
Launch Capabilities heavy-class launch vehicles
  • Proton
  • Originally intended to take men to the moon
  • Has evolved to become the heavy-life work horse
    for Russia
  • Has been used to send payloads to the planets and
    components to the ISS
  • Recent main role has been to send Russian
    government payloads and commercial communication
    satellites into geosynchronous orbit (GEO)
  • Sold through an independent firm that was once a
    joint venture between Lockheed Martin and
    Khrunichev
  • Launched from Baikonur
  • 70mil per launch

14
Launch Capabilities heavy-class launch vehicles
  • Zenit
  • Originally designed to supplement the massive
    Energia (manufacturer of manned space craft)
    launch system in the late 1980s and serve as a
    stand-alone vehicle
  • Government and commercial versions
  • 70mil for a commercial launch

15
And Next
  • Angara
  • Uses liquid oxygen/hydrogen fuel!
  • Small to heavy class
  • Will eventually be able to carry a payload of 30
    metric tons into orbit, doubling the payload
    capacity of the Proton (space shuttle payload 27
    tons)
  • The Angara-7 was conceived specifically to
    support manned missions to Mars and lunar
    exploration
  • Mikron
  • Designed by the Moscow Aviation Institute
  • Engines will use liquid oxygen and a butyl rubber
    derivative!
  • Will be launched from beneath a MiG-31 fighter at
    an altitude of 21,000 meters
  • Carry small satellites into orbit
  • But little information since 2003, so it might be
    scrapped

16
Plans for manned space flight and exploration
  • The 2009 Moscow Aviation and Space Show featured
    a multi-element Interplanetary Expeditionary
    Complex, MEK, which would enable manned missions
    to Mars and beyond. According to the plan, lunar
    exploration would have lower priority than
    expedition to Mars. Travel would use Angara
    rockets and a Prospective Piloted Transport
    System.

17
Sources
  • Rocosmos home page lthttp//www.roscosmos.ru/maingt
  • Russian Space Web lthttp//www.russianspaceweb.com
    /gt
  • Secure World Foundation lthttp//www.secureworldfo
    undation.org/index.php?id139pageRussia_Launchgt
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