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Present Tense and Imperatives of Verbs

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Present Tense and Imperatives of Verbs Present Tense Present tense shows action is occurring right now It can have three possible translations: Progressive = I am ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Present Tense and Imperatives of Verbs


1
Present Tense and Imperatives of Verbs
2
Present Tense
  • Present tense shows action is occurring right now
  • It can have three possible translations
  • Progressive I am walking
  • Simple I walk
  • Emphatic I do walk
  • There are 6 forms of present tense verbs (2
    numbers X 3 persons 6 not including the dual
    number)

3
Forms of the Present Tense
  • We will work with the w-conjugation, active
    voice, present tense
  • Take the infinitive paideÚein and remove the ein
  • That leaves you with paideÚ, the STEM
  • Add endings to the stem to change the person and
    number of the verb

4
Present Tense - Conjugated
Singular Plural
1st Person paideÚw I teach paideÚomen We teach
2nd Person paideÚeij You teach paideÚete You teach
3rd Person paideÚei She teaches paideÚousi(n) They teach
5
Present Tense Endings
Singular Plural
1st Person w omen
2nd Person eij ete
3rd Person ei ousi(n)
The n at the end of the 3rd person plural is
called n-movable it is added when the word that
follows begins with a vowel OR if the 3rd person
plural is the last word in the sentence.
6
Present Active Imperative
Form Translation Ending
Singular Singular Singular Singular
2nd Person paideÚe Teach! e
3rd Person paideuštw Let him teach! etw
Plural Plural Plural Plural
2nd Person paideÚete Teach! ete
3rd Person paideuÒntwn Let them teach! ontwn
7
Negation
  • To tell someone NOT to do something with the
    Imperative, use m
  • To make a present tense, active voice verb into a
    negative, use oÙ
  • oÙ is proclitic it leans ahead to the next word
    for its accent
  • Before a smooth breathing oÙ becomes oÙk before
    a rough breathing oÙ becomes oÙc

8
w Verbs
  • How do you know if you are working with the
    w-conjugation?
  • Look at the principal parts
  • The first principal part listed is the present
    tense, active voice, indicative mood form
  • If it ends in just w, then you can use the verb
    endings you just learned with that verb
  • Luw, lusw, elusa, leluka, lelumai, eluqhn
  • Tiqhmi, qhsw, eqhka, teqhka, teqeimai
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