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The Progressive Movement

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The Progressive Movement What was the name of the 20th century social and political reform movement, which occurred on every level of government in the United States? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Progressive Movement


1
The Progressive Movement
2
What was the name of the 20th century social and
political reform movement, which occurred on
every level of government in the United States?
  • The Progressive Movement

3
What were three causes of the Progressive
Movement?
4
  • 1) Excesses of Gilded Age
  • 2) Poor working conditions of American labor
    (workers)
  • 3) Low standard of living of American labor

5
What did the Progressives believe should solve
the problems created by industrialization?
  • The Government

6
What were three main goals of the Progressives?
7
  • Government controlled by the people instead of
    big business and special interests
  • Economic opportunity for all Americans
  • Eliminate social injustices

8
How did the Progressives hope to guarantee all
Americans economic opportunity?
9
  • Through government regulation of business

10
What was the Gilded Age?
  • A period in the late 1800s characterized by great
    wealth, corruption, and inequality

11
Who held almost all the great wealth created in
America during the Gilded Age?
  • A small upper class of businessmen and
    industrialists

12
Define the term industrialists.
  • Factory owners

13
What is another name of the Gilded Age?
  • The Age of the Robber Barons

14
Who were the robber barons?
  • Members of the newly rich upper class who had
    extravagant lifestyles

15
What did the extravagant lifestyle of the robber
barons point out?
  • The severe difference in income between the
    small, super rich upper class and the average
    American family

16
Who were the Muckrakers?
  • Progressive writers who wrote about social and
    political evils in late 19th and early 20th
    century America.

17
Who were the two most famous Progressive
presidents?
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Woodrow Wilson

18
Which Progressive president was known for
offering the American people a Square Deal?
  • Theodore Roosevelt

19
What Progressive president was known for the New
Freedom?
  • Woodrow Wilson

20
Did both Republicans and Democrats participate in
the Progressive Movement?
  • Yes

21
On what levels of government were there
Progressive reforms?
  • Federal
  • Local
  • State

22
What was one Progressive accomplishment on the
state level?
  • Passed child labor laws

23
Name 5 ways the Progressives tried to make
government more democratic at the state level?
24
  • Referendum
  • Initiative
  • Recall
  • Secret ballot
  • Primary elections

25
By what process may citizens vote to approve or
reject a measure passed by a legislative body?
  • Referendum

26
What process permits citizens to propose laws to
their state or local governments?
  • Initiative

27
By what process may citizens vote to remove
government officials from office before they have
finished their terms?
  • Recall election

28
What reform did Progressives use to protect
voters privacy?
  • The secret ballot

29
What does one call an election in which voters
nominate a political partys candidates for
office?
  • Primary election

30
At what level of government were child labor laws
an example of a Progressive reform?
  • State government

31
What type of reforms were the 17th and 19th
Amendment and the Clayton Anti-Trust Act?
  • Progressive reforms on the federal or national
    level.

32
What was the 17th Amendment?
  • Direct election of United States senators

33
Who elected U.S. senators before ratification of
the 17th Amendment?
  • The State Legislatures

34
What did the term trust mean during the late
19th and early 20th centuries?
  • A business monopoly

35
What does the term monopoly mean?
  • Absence of competition

36
What does anti-trust mean?
  • Anti-monopoly

37
What did anti-trust laws try to do?
  • Restore free competition to the American economy

38
What was the major weakness in the Sherman
Anti-Trust Act?
  • The wording was too vague.

39
What did the Clayton Anti-Trust Act do?
  • 1) Outlawed price fixing
  • 2) Exempted unions from the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

40
In what two ways did Progressives try to make
local governments less corrupt, more efficient,
and more responsive to the people?
41
  • Commission form of city government
  • Council/manager form of city government

42
How does the council/manager form of city
government work?
43
  • Voters elect a city council
  • City council hires a professional manager to
    serve as the citys administrator

44
What did Progressives want city government to be?
  • Efficient
  • Businesslike

45
What is another word for the right to vote?
  • Suffrage

46
During what war did the womens suffrage movement
first encourage American women to enter the
labor force?
  • World War I

47
Name a leader of the Womens Suffrage Movement.
  • Susan B. Anthony

48
Which constitutional amendment gave women the
right to vote?
  • 19th Amendment

49
What were three Progressive reforms on the
federal or national level of government?
  • 17th Amendment
  • 19th Amendment
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act
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