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REPORTED SPEECH

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I did my homework yesterday. She said I did my homework yesterday . (DIRECT SPEECH) She said(that)she had done her homework the day before. (REPORTED SPEECH) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: REPORTED SPEECH


1
REPORTED SPEECH
I did my homework yesterday.
  • She said I did my homework yesterday.
  • (DIRECT SPEECH)
  • She said(that)she had done her homework the day
    before.
  • (REPORTED SPEECH)

2
TENSES TENSES TENSES
From To To
Peter "I work in the garden. SIMPLE PRESENT Peter said that he worked in the garden. SIMPLE PAST Peter said that he worked in the garden. SIMPLE PAST
Peter "I worked in the garden. SIMPLE PAST Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT
Peter "I have worked in the garden. PRESENT PERFECT Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT
Peter "I had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT
Peter "I will work in the garden. WILL Peter said that he would work in the garden. WOULD Peter said that he would work in the garden. WOULD
Peter "I can work in the garden. CAN Peter said that he could work in the garden. COULD Peter said that he could work in the garden. COULD
Peter "I may work in the garden. MAY Peter said that he might work in the garden. MIGHT Peter said that he might work in the garden. MIGHT
Peter "I would work in the garden." (could, might, should, ought to) Peter "I would work in the garden."(could, might, should, ought to) Peter "I would work in the garden."(could, might, should, ought to)
Progressive forms Progressive forms Progressive forms
Peter "I'm working in the garden. PRESENT CONTINUOUS Peter "I'm working in the garden. PRESENT CONTINUOUS Peter said that he was working in the garden. PAST CONTINUOUS
Peter "I was working in the garden. PAST CONTINUOUS Peter "I was working in the garden. PAST CONTINUOUS Peter said that he had been working in the garden. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Peter "I have been working in the garden. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Peter "I have been working in the garden. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Peter said that he had been working in the garden. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Peter "I had been working in the garden. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Peter "I had been working in the garden. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Peter said that he had been working in the garden. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
3
EXERCISES
  • Im living in New York.
  • ?She said
  • 2. My brother had an accident.
  • ?She said
  • 3. Tom and Carla can speak Japanese.
  • ? She said

4
EXPRESSIONS OF TIME EXPRESSIONS OF TIME
From To
this (evening) that (evening)
today/this day that day
these (days) those (days)
now then
(a week) ago (the week) before
Yesterday The day before
last weekend the weekend before / the previous weekend
here there
next (week) the following (week)
tomorrow the next/following day
5
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
  • Janet and Paul are going to visit Italy next
    month.
  • ?She said
  • 2. I havent seen Diana last night.
  • ?She said
  • 3. I bought the tickets yesterday.
  • ?She said
  • 4. He wont be in the office tomorrow.
  • ?She said

6
SAY / TELL
  • SAY
  • She said (that)..
  • She said to me (that)
  • TELL
  • She told me that.

7
EXERCISES Choose the correct word.
  • -
  • 1. She said / told us to stand up.
  • 2. Mr Jones said / told the manager he was
    leaving.
  • 3. Everybody said / told the concert had been
    terrible.
  • 4. I didnt say / tell Meg that I was coming
    today.
  • 5. The Prime Minister said / told that things
    would get better soon.
  • 6. Alice said / told she was sick.
  • 7. Nancy didnt say / tell us anything.
  • 8. You said / told me you were working tonight.

8
EXERCISES Write in the DIRECT SPEECH.
  • 1. He said that she would leave at six.
  • __________________________________
  • 2. He said that Peter went fishing.
  • __________________________________
  • 3. I said that I had just seen Mark.
  • __________________________________
  • 4. Alan told me that Angela was watching TV.
  • __________________________________
  • 5. They said the cat had been sleeping on the
    sofa.
  • __________________________________
  • 6. I said that we were late.
  • __________________________________

9
  • 1. The manager will be in his office all
  • afternoon.
  • ?The secretary told me that the manager
  • in his office all afternoon.
  • A.will have been
  • B.would have been
  • C.would be
  • D.will have
  • E.would have had

10
  • 2- I cant understand why the lawyer hasnt sent
    in his report.
  • ?The director said he in his report.
  • A. couldnt have understood why the lawyer hadnt
    sent
  • B. cant understand why the lawyer hasnt sent
  • C. couldnt understand why the lawyer didnt send
  • D. couldnt understand why the lawyer hadnt
    send
  • E. cant understand why the lawyer isnt sending

11
  • 3- We dont want to go without you.
  • ?The girls told us that
  • A. they hadnt wanted to come without you
  • B. they would have come without us
  • C. they didnt want to go without you
  • D. they wanted to go with us
  • E. they didnt want to go without us

12
  • 4- Haluk said Jane couldnt remember where she
    had put the hammer.
  • Which is the direct form?
  • A. I couldnt remember where I had put the
    hammer.
  • B. Jane couldnt remember where I had put the
    hammer.
  • C. I cant remember where she put the hammer.
  • D. Jane cant remember where she put the
    hammer.
  • E. Jane couldnt have remembered where she had
    put the hammer.

13
  • 5- We have been planning to go to the doctor for
    a check up.
  • ?Burcu said that they for a check up.
  • A. had been planning to go to the doctor
  • B. were planning to have gone to the doctor
  • C. had planed to be going to the doctor
  • D. had plans to go to the doctor
  • E. had planned for the doctor

14
Questions
A) Yes-No questions
Did you do your homework?
  • She asked me if/whether I had done my homework.

Is Patrick sick?
- She asked me if Patrick was sick.
RULE We use IF or WHETHER and the verb goes
after the subject.
15
Questions
B) WH - questions
What do you want to do?
  • She asked me WHAT I wanted to do.

Where did Patrick do his homework?
- She asked me WHERE Patrick had done his
homework.
RULE We keep the WH QUESTION ,no auxiliaries
and the verb after the subject.
16
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
  • 1 Where is the Sagrada Familia?
  • ?A tourist asked me
  • 2 Who did you meet last night?
  • ?Sheilas mum asked her
  • 3 What have you done with your homework?
  • ?Jacks teacher asked him
  • 4 When do you want to take your holiday?
  • ?Freds boss asked him
  • 5 Do you want to buy any duty-free goods?
  • ?The flight attendant asked us

17
  • 6 Do you want to try the chefs special?
  • ?The waiter asked them
  • 7 Why do you hate your parents?
  • ?The psychologist asked her ......................
    ..................................................
    ...........
  • 8 How much money do you have?
  • ?The customs officer asked us ....................
    ..................................................
    ...........
  • 9 How long are you staying in England?
  • ?The immigration officer asked him
    ..................................................
    ....................
  • 10 Will you be home later?
  • ?His mother asked him ............................
    ..................................................
    ..............

18
EXERCISES These are some of the questions from
Andrews Job interview.Write them in the REPORTED
SPEECH.
  • 1. How old are you? He asked
  • 2. Are you married? He asked
  • 3. Do you live nearby? He wanted to know
  • 4. Where have you worked before? He asked
  • 5. Can you speak German or French? He wanted to
    know
  • 6. Do you have a driving licence? He asked
  • 7. How much do you expect to earn? He asked
  • 8. When can you start? He asked

19
Requests
Could you help me with my cat?
  • The girl asked me TO HELP HER WITH HER CAT.

Would you take care of my cat?
- The girl asked me TO TAKE CARE OF HER CAT.
RULE We use the infinitive of the principal verb.
20
Orders
Write these sentences!
  • The teacher told us TO WRITE THOSE SENTENCES.

Dont talk, please!
  • The teacher told us NOT TO TALK IN CLASS.

21
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
  • 1 My best friend said to me, Could you lend me
    100 euros?
  • ?My best friend asked me
  • 2 The bank robber said to her Put your hands
    behind your head.
  • THE BANK ROBBER TOLD HER
  • 3. The teacher said to us, Be quiet!
  • THE TEACHER TOLD US
  • 4 My mother said to my brother Please dont bang
    the door
  • ?MY MOTHER TOLD HIM

22
  • 5 The dentist said to him, Open wide!
  • ?.
  • 6 The flight attendant said to them, Would you
    mind not smoking?
  • ?.
  • 7 My father said to me, Could you phone me at
    6?
  • ?.

23
  • 1- Dont throw the paper on the floor.
  • The shopkeeper told the boy on the floor.
  • a.that he had thrown the paper
  • b.he threw the paper
  • c.not to throw the paper
  • d.not to have thrown the paper
  • e.that he didnt throw the paper

24
  • 2- Why are you late? What is your excuse?
  • The officer wanted to know
  • a.why I am so late and what is the excuse is
  • b.why I was so late and what my excuse was
  • c.if I was so late and had an excuse
  • d.that I was so late but had an excuse
  • e.how late I was and if I had an excuse

25
  • 3-Do you want me to turn off the radio?
  • ?I asked my sister me to turn off the radio.
  • a.whether you wanted
  • b.whether you want
  • c.that she had wanted,
  • d.if she would have wanted
  • e.if she wanted

26
  • 4- Dont drive so fast.
  • ?The policeman told me
  • a.that I shouldnt drive so fast
  • b.not to drive so fast
  • c.if I didnt drive so fast
  • d.that I shouldnt have driven so fast
  • e.whether I was driving so fast

27
  • 5- Will Jane be preparing the dinner during the
    afternoon?
  • ? Robert asked me the dinner during the
  • afternoon.
  • a.whether Jane will have prepared
  • b.that Jane would have prepared
  • c.whether Jane would prepare
  • d.if Jane will be preparing
  • e.if Jane would be preparing

28
  • 6- How much time do we have to get packed?
  • She asked to get packed.
  • a.how much time we needed
  • b.how much time have we had
  • c.how much time we had
  • d.how much time she had been given
  • e.how much time there was left

29
  • 7- What is Janes phone number?
  • Teval asked me
  • a.if it was Janes phone number
  • b.what Janes number was
  • c.for Janes phone number
  • d.what was Janes phone number
  • e.whether I had Janes phone number

30
  • 8- Is this book yours?
  • Jerry asked
  • a.whose book this was
  • b.if it was yours book
  • c.if it wasnt my book
  • d.whose book it is
  • e.if it was my book

31
Reporting verbs
  • A Peter, you should get a new job because you
    are a hard worker.
  • ?Jack encouraged me to look for a new job.
  • B Students! All of you are invited to attend Mr.
    Lopezs presentation.
  • ?They invited all their friends to attend the
    presentation.

32
  • A Where are you going, Mickey?
  • B Im going to my job.
  • A oh! I live around your job. I can give you a
    lift.
  • ?She offered to give him a lift to work.
  • A John
  • My brother refused to take no for an answer.

33
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
OFFER - APOLOGISE - ADVISE
  • 1 "I think you should see a doctor", Mary said to
    me.
  • ?Mary__me to see a doctor.
  • 2 "Shall I carry your bags for you?", I asked
    Mrs. Robb.
  • ?I___________to carry Mrs. Robb's bags
  • 4 Tim said, "I'm terribly really sorry I've lost
    your ball, Tom".
  • ?Tim ______for losing his ball.

34
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
WARN - SUGGEST - REMIND - URGE
  • 5) "Don't park your car here or you'll get a
    fine", said the policeman to Ms Todd.
  • ?The policeman _________Ms Todd not to park her
    car there.
  • 6) "Please, please, give some money to his
    foundation", Mr Geldorff said to the
    participants.
  • ?Mr Geldorff ______the participants to give some
    money to his foundation.
  • 7) "Remember to lock the door when you go out",
    John said to his daughter.
  • ?John__________ his daughter to lock the door.
  • 8) "Let's go to the theatre tomorrow", Frank
    said.
  • ?Frank ______going to the theatre the next day.

35
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
THREATEN - PROMISE - SUGGEST - AGREE
  • 9) "Why don't you buy a Travelcard?", the ticket
    officer said to Mary.
  • ?The ticket officer ____buyING a Travelcard.
  • 10) "If you do that again I'll kill you Sam",
    said Lenny.
  • ?Lenny ____to kill Sam if he did that again.
  • 11) "OK, OK, I'll go shopping with you", said Bob
    to his wife.
  • ?Bob ________to go shopping with his wife.
  • 12) "Don't worry. I'll help you wash the car",
    said Susan to her father.
  • ?Susan____to help her father.

36
EXERCISES Complete the sentences.
WANT - ACCEPT ORDER - INVITE
  • 14) "You must come home immediately", Lorna said
    to her daughter.
  • ?Lorna ___________her daughter to go home
    immediately.
  • 15) "Have you seen 'Lord of the Rings', Freddie?"
    asked Kevin. "Yes, I have", said Freddie.
  • ?Kevin ___________to know if Freddie had seen
    "Lord of the Rings" and Freddie that he had.
  • 16) "Would you like to come to my birthday
    party?" said Sandra to Daisy and Daisy said,
    "With pleasure!".
  • ?Sandra____Daisy to her birthday party and Daisy
    _____.
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