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Aztec and Inca

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Aztec and Inca Pre-Columbian Civilization Political Structure Aztecs Large Empire organized from a central city Monarchy with a board of nobles and priests that ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aztec and Inca


1
Aztec and Inca
  • Pre-Columbian Civilization

2
Political Structure
  • Aztecs
  • Large Empire organized from a central city
  • Monarchy with a board of nobles and priests that
    advise and help lead
  • Incas
  • Large Empire organized from a central city
  • Monarchy with nobles posted throughout the empire

3
Method of Expanding Empire
  • Aztec
  • Fierce conquest and alliances
  • Empire of 30 million people
  • Inca
  • Roads connected and led to future conquered
    people

4
Treatment of Conquered People
  • Aztec
  • Tributes payment from the conquered people
  • Sacrifice
  • Inca
  • Subjugated them and then made them a part of the
    empire through military service and reward

5
Role of Religion
  • Aztec
  • Polytheistic
  • Animistic
  • Human Sacrifice
  • gods were above the King and ruled the empires
    daily life
  • Inca
  • Polytheistic
  • Animism
  • gods were above the King and ruled the empires
    daily life

6
Social Organization
  • Aztec
  • Organized and structured by a class system
  • Inca
  • Organized similarly to the Aztecs
  • Each village was organized according to rank
  • Arranged marriages

7
Type of Economy
  • Aztec
  • Market buying and selling controlled by the
    people
  • Inca
  • Command buying and selling controlled by the
    government

8
Style of Public Buildings
  • Aztec
  • Grand and complex
  • Religious symbols
  • Inca
  • Practical and built into the mountains on
    terraces
  • Religious significance

9
Cities Planned/Randomly Built
  • Aztec
  • Planned and artistically designed
  • Complex and well organized
  • Floating gardens
  • Inca
  • Organized and simple
  • Built into the mountains
  • Connected by the road system

10
Cause and Effect
  • 1 Able to learn the trade and able to learn
    about their enemy
  • 2 Unity builds strength, numbers builds
    strength
  • 3 please the gods, to demonstrate the
    importance of the religion in daily life
  • 4- Increased usable land, increased food
    production

11
Cause and Effect
  • 5 please the gods, show their strength, lessen
    the population
  • 6 time, crops and harvesting, tracking weather
    occurrences
  • 7 Test of Aztec strength, empire too large
  • 8 Corruption, too much influence, control issues

12
Building an Incan Empire
  • Ancient Cultures
  • Common heritage
  • Lessons from ancestors
  • Technological advances
  • Royal Mummies
  • Royal significance
  • Heritage
  • Afterlife

13
Building an Incan Empire
  • Pachacuti
  • Founder of the Incan Empire
  • Created the Empire by conqueroring the
    surrounding tribes and folding them into his
    kingdom
  • Centralized government

14
Building an Incan Empire
  • System of Government ruling uniform, structure,
    defense
  • Language unity, communication, record keeping
  • Cities unity, structure, protection
  • Road System unity, communication, easier
    movement
  • Economy unity, structure, functionality
  • Religion unity, structure, beliefs, reasons
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