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IRISH TRADITIONS Our customs and traditions are one way we express who we are. By this staging project students get familiar with the following Irish traditions: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • Our customs and traditions are one way we express
    who we are.
  • By this staging project students get familiar
    with the following Irish traditions
  • 1.Wedding traditions
  • 2.Easter traditions
  • 3.Christmas traditions
  • 4.St Patrick Day traditions

  • The wedding ceremony in modern western traditions
    tends to have more in common from one nation to
    another than there are differences. Even most of
    the prevalent customs such as the brides white
    dress, rings, wedding cake, flowers and
    attendants as well as the feast and pranks played
    on the couple as they make their final exit are
    pretty much universal. Every ethnic group has
    its own peculiar customs and variations but if
    we were to drop in on a wedding in a strange land
    where we did not know the language, be it
    Lebanon, Finland, Argentina or the remotest and
    most Gaelic island of the any of the Celtic
    nations, we would probably have a pretty good
    idea of what was going on.
  • Pairwork Describe a typical Estonian wedding.

  • Pairwork
  • What do you know about Irish wedding traditions?
  • There are usually many proverbs about wedding
    traditions in different countries.
  • Read the following proverbs and fill in the
    missing words.

  • It is unlucky to marry on a .
  • A .. should always be the first to wish joy to
    the bride, never a woman It was lucky to hear a
    . on the wedding morning, or to see three
    magpies To meet a funeral on the road meant bad
    luck and if there was a funeral procession
    planned for that day, the wedding party always
    took a road The wedding party should always
    take the . road home from the church It was
    luck if a glass or cup were broken on the wedding
    day A bride and groom should never wash their
    hands in the same sink at the same timeit's
    courting ..if they do It was said to be if
    you married during a 'growing moon and a flowing
    tide' When leaving the church, someone must
    throw an old over the bride's head so she will
    have good luck If the bride's mother-in-law
    breaks a piece of wedding .. on the bride's head
    as she enters the house after the ceremony, they
    will be friends for life.

  • Read the text
  • Check your answers at
  • http//
  • Pairwork
  • Read the following text and compare .

  • The Irish Claddagh Ring An Irish bride's wedding
    ring is called a Claddagh ring. It is a heart
    held by two hands with the heart topped by a
    crown. The hands represent faith, the crown
    symbolizes honor, and the heart signifies love.
    The rings motto is Let love and friendship
  • If a woman wears a Claddagh Ring on her right
    hand with the heart facing outward toward the end
    of her finger she is signifying that she is a
    single woman, free to see whomever she desires.
    If the ring is worn on the right hand with the
    heart facing inward, toward the womans knuckle,
    then she is signifying that she is engaged.
  • And finally, if a Claddagh Ring is worn on the
    left hand it means that the woman is married.
  • (Read more about the ring on
  • http//

Wedding Day Traditions in Ireland An old Irish
tradition calls for the wedding couple to walk to
the church together before exchanging their
wedding vows. As they walk down the main street
to the chapel, onlookers would not only throw
rice to bless the marriage, but larger items as
well, such as pots and pans. The traditional
Irish bride often wears a blue wedding dress,
rather than a white dress. This is because blue
symbolized purity in ancient times. It wasnt
until the year 1499 that a white wedding dress
began to symbolize virginity and purity. English
lavender, an ancient symbol of love, loyalty,
devotion and even luck is often mixed with the
brides wedding flowers to help insure a happy
and long-lasting union Another tradition is for
the bride to braid her hair for her wedding day.
Braided hair is an ancient symbol of feminine
power and luck. Another symbol of luck is to be
married on St. Patrick's Day, considered the
luckiest wedding anniversary date in Ireland.
Easter Traditions in Ireland
How much do we know?
  • Brainstorming
  • -students are asked to give as many words as
    possible related to Easter holiday
  • Group work
  • -students discuss about the religious
    significance of this holiday
  • -Students give reasons for waiting Easter

Discover the Irish Easter
  • Students brainstorm ideas about Easter in other
  • Students find more information about the Irish
    Easter by accessing the Internet
  • Students report their classmates the results of
    their search
  • In groups students choose their own way visualize
    the Irish traditions related to Easter Holiday or
    they may write a poem suggestive of the Irish
    spirit in this period

  • http//
  • Students read the information and in groups they
    choose what topic they want to discuss and
    compare to their traditions(eg.Easter drinks

  • Read the following text and answer the questions
  • Which is the most popular Christmas carol ?
  • What does the lightning of candles symbolize?
  • What is the traditional Christmas dinner in

  • Irish Christmas traditions are similar to those
    found in many western countries the basic
    Christmas rituals, such as gift-giving, attending
    Mass, and decorating trees, are shared by
  • most nations where Christmas is celebrated. But
    Ireland does have its unique Christmas rituals,
    as we'll discover below.
  • Twelve Days of Christmas
  • Because it is still quite a religious country -
    Catholicism being the most prevalent - Irish
    traditions reflect this more than the
    increasingly secular customs of North America.
    The popular Christmas carol, Twelve Days of
    Christmas is a remnant from the time when
    Catholicism was illegal and the gifts listed in
    the song are hidden references to Catholic dogma.
    It was used as a memory exercise for those who
    were secret adherents to Catholicism.

  • Lighting Candles
  • The lighting of candles in Ireland also has a
    religious significance. Some people would light
    candles (or one large candle) to signify symbolic
    hospitality for Mary and Joseph. The candle was a
    way of saying there was room for Jesus' parents
    in these homes even if there was none in
    Bethlehem. Some people even set extra places at
    their tables as a preparation for unexpected
  • Christmas Dinner
  • Christmas dinners in Ireland usually consist of
    the standard fare turkey, a ham, stuffing,
    cranberry sauce, etc. Among the more traditional
    Irish elements are spiced beef (spiced over
    several days, cooked, and then pressed) which can
    be served either hot or cold. The traditional
    dessert is usually composed of mince pies,
    Christmas pudding, and brandy or rum sauce.
  • Pair work Describe a typical Irish Christmas

Complete the following sentences with the right
  • The placing of a lighted candle in the window of
    a house on Christmas eve is still practised
    today. It has a number of purposes but primarily
    it was an symbol of to Mary and Joseph as they
    travelled looking for shelter.

A further element of the tradition is that the
candle should be lit by the member of the
household and only be extinguished by a girl
bearing the name 'Mary'.After evening meal on
Christmas eve the kitchen table was again set and
on it were placed a loaf of bread filled with
and , a pitcher of milk and a large lit
candle. The door to the house was left .. so
that Mary and Joseph, or any wandering traveller,
could avail of the welcome For more information
you should read the following texts
  • Do you know some holiday when people use to wear
    specific costumes and what are these?
  • Do you happen to know what their traditional
    costumes and symbols characterize these
    holidays?Do you know why people celebrate S.
    Patricks Day?

Fill in the blanks
  • St. Patrick was a Christian ______ credited
    with the conversion of Ireland from _________.He
    lived from the late 4th century A.D. to the mid
    5th century A.D., so long ago that it's difficult
    to separate fact from _________ .
    St. Patrick was ______ in either Scotland or
    Wales, the son of Roman parents living in
    Britain.  When he was about fifteen or sixteen,
    he was________ and enslaved by an Irish
    chieftain during a raiding party across the sea. 
    He spent several years ________ in Ireland,
    herding and tending sheep and swine.  It was
    during his________ that St. Patrick dedicated
    his life to God.  Legend has it that St. Patrick
    escaped captivity and Ireland after a dream in
    which God _______ him to journey to the Irish
    coast where he found a ship that returned him to
    his family. After years of religious study, he
    became a ________ .  In a document attributed
    to him known as "The Confession", St. Patrick
    heard the voice of the Irish in his dreams,
    "crying to thee, come hither and walk with us
    once more."  Eventually, Pope Clemens
    commissioned St. Patrick as bishop to preach the
    _______________ to the Celtic people.  Arriving
    back in Ireland, he commenced an incredible
    mission, travelling across the country, preaching
    and ____________, ordaining priests and bishops,
    erecting churches and establishing places of
    learning and ________, despite constant ______
    to his life.  It has been said that he and
    his _________ were responsible for _________
    almost all the population of Ireland to
    Christianity. Converting worship baptizing
    instructed captivity born legend missionary
  • Paganism captured priest threats
    converting enslaved disciples

  • Change impressions about S. Patricks holiday

Draw a poster or a leaflet
to advertise the main events taking place in
St. Patrick week
Enjoy St. Patricks day