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History of Forensic Science

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Title: History of Forensic Science Author: Palatine High School Last modified by: Jasmine Mellado Created Date: 1/15/2004 2:15:56 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Forensic Science


1
History of Forensic Science
Research based on Miami-Dade County Website
2
What is forensic science?
  • Previously ______ medicine was the term used
    for the application of medical knowledge to the
    investigation of a crime.
  • Now we call it forensic science
  • Forensic refers to the use of material in a ____
    of law

3
Where did forensic science start?
  • The Chinese book Hsi Duan Yu (The Washing Away of
    ____), which appeared in 1248, provided the first
    association of medicine and law.
  • The book offered useful ____, such as
    distinguishing drowning (water in the lungs) and
    strangulation (pressure marks on the throat and
    damaged cartilage in the neck) from _____ by
    natural causes.

4
Where did forensic science start?
  • The first appearance of ___ in the courtroom was
    documented around the end of the 18th century.
  • The emergence of modern ______ around that period
    led to discoveries which were applicable to crime
    _______ and _______.

5
Important Cases in History
  • One of the ____ celebrated cases in forensic
    science involved the 'father of _______', Mathieu
    Orfila (1787-1853), who worked in Paris and
    testified in an _______ poisoning criminal trial
    in _____.
  • Orfila and others had developed a chemical ____
    to detect arsenic, the _____ of choice for the
    period because the symptoms, violent stomach
    pains and vomiting, were similar to _______ (a
    common disease of the times) and often went
    undetected.

6
Important Cases in History
  • Alphonse Bertillon's (1853-1914) personal
    ___________ system using a series of body and
    facial _____________ for individualization,
    developed in 1882.
  • Dr. Francis Galton's (1822-1911) Fingerprints,
    published in 1892, was another pioneering
    contribution to the emerging field of ________
    science.

7
Founder of Forensic Science!
  • Alexandre Lacassagne (1844-1921) has been called
    the _____ of modern forensic science.
  • Lacassagne made many contributions including the
    first to recognize the significance of the ______
    etched on a bullet extracted from a_____ victim
    and their link to the gun from which it was
    fired, thus beginning the science of _______.

8
Forensic Facts!
Illinois suspended its death penalty after
discovering that police ________ Pamela Fish had
manufactured forensic evidence in dozens of cases!
If only they had caught her sooner!
9
Founder of Forensic Science!
  • He also was the first to study the relationship
    between an attack on a victim and the shape and
    ________ of _________, and was first to recognize
    the need for adequate means of identifying
    ________ through a police ______ system.

10
CRIME LABS!
  • First forensic ______ was set up in France in
    1910.
  • First crime laboratory in the U.S. was
    established in _____ by the Los Angeles County
    Sheriff's Department.
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation (____) lab
    was established in 1932 and in 1937 Paul Kirk
    (1902-1970) set up the first academic ________
    program in the U.S. at the University of
    California.

11
Current Practice of Forensic Science in U.S.
Laboratories
  • Labs test
  • Drug ________
  • Trace Evidence analysis
  • Fiber and _____ comparison and analysis
  • Paint comparison and analysis
  • ______ comparison and analysis
  • Fire debris and _______ analysis
  • Gun shot ______ analysis Tape comparison
  • Soil and building materials comparison and
    analysis
  • Lamp and ________ examinations

12
Current Practice of Forensic Science in U.S.
Laboratories
  • Biology services
  • Biological _____ identification and ______ origin
  • _____ analysis
  • Bloodstain _______ interpretation
  • Firearms and toolmark identification
  • Firearm _____
  • Projectile comparison
  • ____ powder pattern interpretation
  • Footwear and tire impression comparison

13
Current Practice of Forensic Science in U.S.
Laboratories
  • Toxicology
  • Breath and blood _____ analysis
  • _____ analysis
  • Drugs in biological fluids and _____
  • Fingerprint and latent identification and
    comparisons
  • Specialized analysis
  • Computer and data recovery
  • ______ analysis

14
What is the future of forensic science?
  • Many possibilities!
  • Currently, scientists are working on making
    faster, more ______ methods for their lab tests.
  • Who knows where the future of forensic science
    lies maybe youll be part of the answer!
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