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The Five Themes of Geography

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What do Geographers Do? Five Themes of Geography Two Types of Location Absolute Location Absolute: Latitude and Longitude or an address KCHS: Latitude 30 03 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography


1
Five Themes of Geography
2
What do Geographers Do?
  • Geographers look at the patterns and connections
    between people and land to help them describe the
    earth.

3
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4
Five Themes of Geography
5
Location
Where is it?
6
Two Types of Location
7
Absolute Location
  • Absolute Latitude and Longitude or an address
  • KCHS Latitude 30º0352.337 N Longitude
    952930.833W or 20811 Ella Blvd.

8
Latitudes
9
North/South Hemispheres
10
Longitudes
11
East/West Hemispheres
12
Measurement
13
Relative Location
  • Relative Describing where a place is by
    describing places near it.
  • KCHS south of Schindelwolf west of Kreinhop.

14
Place
What is it like?
15
Two Features
16
  • Human features The culture of a place.
  • Race, religions, languages, governments,
    occupations, architecture, foods, clothing, etc.

17
  • Physical features Things determined by nature.
  • Climate, indigenous plants, animals, land forms,
    types of soils, etc.

18
Human/Environment Interaction
How do people relate to the physical world?
19
Human- Environment Interaction
  • How people effect the environment and how the
    environment effects people.
  • People either adapt to their environment or the
    alter their environment

20
Examples
  • Dams
  • Roads
  • Farms
  • Cities

21
Movement
How do people, ideas, and products move from one
location to another?
22
Movement
  • Movement of people, goods, and ideas from one
    place to another.

23
Everything Came From Somewhere
24
Linear Distance
  • How far do people, products and ideas travel from
    one location to another.

25
Time Distance
  • The amount of time it takes for a
    person/idea/good to travel from one location to
    another.

26
Psychological Time
  • The way people perceive distance.

27
Region
How are areas similar or different?
28
Region
  • An area that is unique. Geographers use regions
    to compare different areas.

29
Distinctive Characteristics
30
Formal Regions
  • Defined by a limited number of related
    characteristics.
  • Houston
  • Texas
  • USA
  • Africa

31
Functional Regions
  • Organized around a set of interactions and
    connections between places.
  • Think of a hub
  • Downtown to Spring
  • Medical Center to Sugarland

32
Perceptual Regions
  • People see characteristics the same way.
  • Hill Country
  • The South
  • The Westbank
  • The Midwest
  • The Middle East
  • SW Houston
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