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American Government

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American Government Final Review – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Government


1
American Government
  • Final Review

2
Theory behind US Govt.?
  • Social Contract

3
When People are the source of Power?
  • Popular Sovereignty

4
A Govt. based upon rule of law?
  • Limited Government

5
What keeps branches from becoming too powerful?
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks and Balances

6
Rule by the Many?
  • Democracy

7
Two Types of Democracy
  • Direct
  • Indirect (representatives)

8
Rule by one or a Few?
  • Dictatorship

9
Essays written to encourage ratification of the
Const.
  • Federalist Papers

10
What part of the Constitution expresses popular
sovereignty?
  • Preamble

11
Protections under 1st Amendment
  • free speech
  • freedom of religion
  • freedom of press
  • free to assemble and petition

12
Elastic Clause
  • Necessary and Proper Clause that supports
    Implied Powers of our government

13
Powers given only to Nat. Government
  • Exclusive Powers
  • (coin money, declare war)

14
These powers create most conflict between St. and
Nat. Govt.
  • Implied Powers
  • (not expressly written in the Constitution)

15
Separation of Church and State
  • Establishment Clause

16
Formal Amendment Process
  • Proposal (by Congress)
  • Ratification (by States)

17
How are most changes in our Govt. made?
  • Informally--by custom and tradition political
    party practices Supreme Ct. decisions and acts
    of Congress and the President

18
Division of Govt. between State and National
Govt.?
  • Federal Government

19
Separation of Powers
  • Legislative
  • Executive
  • Judicial

20
Three Branches of Govt.
  • Legislative (make)
  • Executive (enforce)
  • Judicial (interpret)

21
This means two houses
  • Bicameralism

22
Main Function of Congress?
  • Lawmaking

23
Which house is based on population?
  • House of Representatives

24
How many members are in the House of Rep?
  • 435

25
Minimum or Reps. from each State?
  • One

26
What type of bill must start in the House of Rep.?
  • Money Bills

27
Which house has the power of the purse?
  • House of Representatives

28
Committee use to settle differences of the two
houses
  • Conference Committee

29
Taking care of constituents needs
  • Casework

30
Talking a Bill to Death
  • Filibuster

31
Congressional check on Pres.
  • override veto (2/3 vote)
  • Senate refuses to ratify an presidential nominee
    or a treaty

32
Pork Barrel Politics
  • When members of Congress get federal funds for
    projects in their own districts

33
Steps to become President
  • Primary/Caucus
  • National Conventions
  • General Election
  • Electoral Vote

34
Presidential Term
  • 4years can be elected 2xs--total ten years

35
Electoral Votes Needed
  • 270

36
When are electoral votes cast?
  • December of election year--counted in January.

37
Total of Electors?
  • 538

38
Minimum from each State?
  • 3

39
Party Election?
  • Primary

40
Purpose of Nat. Convention?
  • Nominate Pres./VP. Candidates
  • Choose Party Platform

41
SIMPLE MAJORITY?
  • 50 1

42
PARTY MEETINGS ARE CALLED?
  • CAUCUSES

43
When the winner takes all the popular vote in a
state?
  • Winner-take-all

44
Who runs the campaign?
  • Candidate and his/her staff

45
What happens if noone wins enough electoral votes?
  • House selects Pres.
  • Senate selects VP.

46
T/F Popular vote winner can lose election
  • Electoral Vote winner, wins election--candidates
    must win in states that have most electoral votes

47
Requirements in Texas
  • 18 years old, US citizen
  • registered 30 days prior to election
  • resident of state and county

48
Number of Texas Electors
  • 34
  • (2 Senators 32 Representatives)

49
An example of a Presidential check on Congress
  • Veto
  • Pocket Veto

50
Ultimate Umpire?
  • Supreme Court

51
Supreme Ct. check on Congress and President
  • Judicial Review

52
Case that ended Segregation
  • Brown vs Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas

53
Term of a federal judge
  • Life

54
When illegal evidence is thrown out of court
  • Exclusionary Rule

55
Reading of your rights
  • Miranda Rights

56
The two Major Political Parties?
  • Democratic Party
  • Republican Party

57
Roles of Minor Parties?
  • Critics
  • Innovators
  • Spoilers

58
Role of Party out of power
  • Watchdog

59
What role does a Minor Party Play?
  • Spoiler

60
One Trend in Voting
  • Split Ticket Voting

61
Main Source of Information
  • Television

62
An Organization with a focused opinion on a
single topic
  • Special Interest Group

63
Special Interest Group that is opposed to gun
control.
  • NRA

64
Why do incumbents have an advantage?
  • more campaign money
  • better known

65
Political Arms of special interest groups used to
raise campaign money
  • PACs

66
A belief that women are more likely to favor
Dem. over Rep.
  • Gender Gap

67
This group favors extreme change
  • Radicals

68
This group believes govt. should be active in
change
  • Liberals

69
Motto of Liberals
  • Freedom over Order
  • Equality over Economic Freedom

70
This groups favors status quo
  • Conservatives

71
Conservative Motto
  • Order over Freedom
  • Eco. Freedom over Equality

72
Drawing of district lines to favor the party or
race in power
  • Gerrymandering

73
To bring charges against
  • Impeach

74
Methods used to prevent African Americans from
voting
  • literacy tests
  • poll taxes
  • grandfather clauses
  • white primaries

75
Hierarchical arrangement of govt. doing
specialized tasks
  • Bureaucracy
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