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Chapter 5: Ancient Greece

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Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Unit 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea World History Core – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 5: Ancient Greece


1
Chapter 5 Ancient Greece
  • Unit 1 Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea
  • World History Core

2
Theme
  • Cultural Interaction
  • The roots of Greek culture are based on
    interaction of Mycenaean, Minoan, and Dorian
    cultures

Minoans Mycenaean Dorian
Used ships to trade goods Had a writing system (Phoenicians) Came from Indo-European migrates Borrowed from Minoan culture Spoke a kind of Greek Not as advanced No writing system
3
Why is it important now?
  • The seeds of much of western cultural heritage
    were planted during this time period.

4
TERMS
  • Mycenaean
  • Trojan War
  • Dorian
  • Homer
  • Epic
  • Myth

5
Setting the Stage
  • Greece was a collection of separate areas
  • Didnt unite because of geographical conditions
  • 3000 BC Minoans developed on Crete
  • Mainland Greece people from Black Sea and
    Anatolia migrated and settled that area

6
Geography Shapes Greek Life
  • Mountainous peninsula in Mediterranean Sea
  • 2000 islands in Aegean and Ionian Sea
  • Land on eastern edge of Aegean were part of Greece

7
Geography Shapes Greek Life
  • The Sea
  • Provided important trade routes
  • IMPORTANT Greeks lacked natural resources such
    as timber, metal, crops/agriculture

8
Geography Shapes Greek Life
  • The Land
  • Mountains cover ¾ of Greece
  • Run from SW to SE along Balkan Peninsula
  • Divided land (HUGE IMPACT ON POLITICAL LIFE)
  • Never united under one governmentbut people were
    extremely loyal to their cities
  • Land difficult to travel
  • ¼ of Greece is fertile valleys (broken up)
  • Lack fresh water for irrigation

9
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10
Geography Shapes Greek Life
  • The Climate
  • Varied climate
  • 48 in winter/80 in summer
  • Outdoor way of life
  • Leisure time spent outside
  • Athletics, markets, festivals, worship, etc.

11
Mycenaean Civilization Develops
  • Migrated from SW Asia
  • Settled in Mycenae
  • Southern Greece
  • Steep, rocky, ridge
  • 20ft. protective wall
  • Strong Warrior-King

12
Mycenaean Civilization Develops
  • Contact with Minoans
  • Trade or war?
  • Saw value of seaborne trade
  • Sailed through Mediterranean Sea stopping at
    Anatolia, Syria, Crete, Egypt, and Italy
  • Adopted writing system and decorated vases
  • Also religion, art, politics, and literature

13
Mycenaean Civilization Develops
  • The Trojan War
  • 1200 BC Mycenaeans fought a 12 year war with
    Troy (an independent trading city in Anatolia)
  • Back story
  • Trojan Prince Paris runs off with Spartan King
    Menelaus wife Helen
  • Menelaus gets help from brother Mycenaean King
    Agamemnon to fight the Trojans
  • Calls on Achilles, the great warrior, to aid in
    this venture
  • The Greeks finally enter the city by leaving a
    giant wooden horse as a gift to the city and
    burns it to the ground

14
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15
Mycenaean Civilization Develops
  • The Trojan War continued
  • Fact of Fiction?
  • 1870s excavations by German archaeologist
    Heinrich Schliemann found evidence of real city
    and events
  • Homer.
  • Blind man
  • Greatest story teller between 750-700BC
  • Through Homers stories people learned about
    early Greek history
  • The Iliad Trojan War
  • The Odyssey Journey home of Odysseus after
    Trojan War

16
The Greek Culture Declines
  • 1200 BC Mycenaean civilization collapses
  • New group developed called Dorians
  • No as developed
  • Greece lost language and art
  • Greeks Create Myths
  • Stories about Gods and Goddesses
  • Used to understand the mysteries of nature and
    human passion
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