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Beginnings of Civilization

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Beginnings of Civilization Beginnings of a Civilization First civilizations are by RIVERS - ?? Transportation, water supply, food, farming Surpluses more than ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Beginnings of Civilization


1
Beginnings of Civilization
2
Beginnings of a Civilization
  • First civilizations are by RIVERS - ??
  • Transportation, water supply, food, farming
  • Surpluses more than what is necessary
  • Grow large populations, food for the future
  • Eventually forming cities
  • Traditional economy relies on habit, custom, or
    ritual and tends not to change

3
River Valley Civilizations
  • Civilization a complex, highly organized social
    order
  • Cities are the MAIN feature
  • Sumer between the Tigris and Euphrates
  • Egypt along the Nile River
  • Indus along the Indus River
  • Shang Huang River (Yellow River)

4
Features of a Civilization
  • Organized Governments
  • Councils/Chiefs turn into central governments
  • Rulers/royal officials
  • Taxes, laws, defense
  • Priests/Warrior kings on TOP
  • Complex Religions
  • Polytheistic
  • Specially trained priests for ceremonies and
    rituals

5
Features of a Civilization cont.
  • Job Specialization
  • Artisans skilled craftspeople
  • Weapons are made of metals
  • Copper then bronze
  • Bricklayers, dancers, storytellers
  • Social Classes
  • Ranking of individuals within the society
  • Priests and nobles were typically on top

6
Features of a Civilization cont.
  • Arts and Architecture
  • Artwork and buildings that display the values,
    customs, and beliefs for the society
  • Temples, palaces, statues, paintings
  • Public Works
  • Projects that are costly and benefit the city and
    people
  • Irrigation systems, roads, dikes, bridges, walls

7
Features of a Civilization cont.
  • Writing
  • System of communications originally used by
    governments and religious leaders
  • Grain collection, rituals, prayers, seasonal
    information
  • Pictographs picture writing
  • Scribes people that specialize in reading and
    writing

8
Change in Civilizations
  • Loss of resources
  • Environmental forces
  • Cultural Diffusion the spread of ideas, customs,
    and technologies
  • Warfare, migration, trade
  • City-state a group of lands that includes a city
    and the surrounding people and villages that it
    controls
  • Empire multiple cities and people
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